Equisetum pratense

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Meadow horsetail
Equisetum pratense.jpeg
Equisetum pratense

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
Subgenus: E. subg. Equisetum
Species: E. pratense
Binomial name
Equisetum pratense
Ehrh., 1784

Equisetum pratense, commonly known as meadow horsetail, shade horsetail or shady horsetail, is a widespread horsetail (Equisetophyta) fern. Shade horsetail can be commonly found in forests with tall trees or very thick foliage that can provide shade and tends to grow closer and thicker around streams, ponds and rivers. The specific epithet pratense is Latin, meaning pasture or meadow dwelling.

Description[edit]

Fertile shoot with growing branches

Equisetum pratense has whitish-green and slender sterile stems that grow 15–52.5 cm (5.9–20.7 in) tall, with 8 to 20 ridges that bear three rows of flat spinules. The centrum is approximately one sixth of the diameter of the stem. The pale sheaths bear slender brown teeth with white margins.[1]

Cones mature in late spring.[2]

Habitat[edit]

Equisetum pratense occurs in alluvial woods, thickets, mossy glades, and calcareous meadows.[1] It is a common pioneer species, commonly growing where instability or water erosion leaves an often open ground surface or where sandy alluvium accumulates beside streams. Where vegetation is more abundant, the fern occurs only as sparse and diminutive shoots, as the fern is succumbing to competition in a later seral community.

The plant is widespread, occurring from Iceland and the United Kingdom through northern and central Europe as far south as the Alps. It grows across most of northern Asia to Japan and through northern parts of North America from Alaska to Labrador.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Merrit Lyndon Fernald (1970). R. C. Rollins, ed. Gray's Manual of Botany (Eighth (Centennial) - Illustrated ed.). D. Van Nostrand Company. p. 4. ISBN 0-442-22250-5. 
  2. ^ "Equisetum pratense". eFloras. Retrieved 18 August 2018. 
  3. ^ C. N. Page (1997). The Ferns of Britain and Ireland (illustrated, revised ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 461. ISBN 9780521586580.