Equus sivalensis

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Equus sivalensis
Temporal range: Late Pleistocene
Equus sivalensis.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Genus: Equus
E. sivalensis
Binomial name
Equus sivalensis
Falconer and Cautley, 1849

Equus sivalensis is an extinct equid, discovered in the Siwalik hills. Remains date to 2.6 million years ago, and it is assumed that it was extinct during the last Ice Age, between 75,000 and 10,000 years ago, as part of the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Remains have been found in middle to late Pleistocene locations in the Siwaliks and in Tamil Nadu, and recently, as a "Great Indian horse" in Andhra, dated to ca. 75,000 BP.


  • B.J. MacFadden, Fossil Horses, 1992, 2nd ed. 2003 ISBN 978-0-521-47708-6
  • Falconer H. and Cautley, Fauna Antiqua Sivalensis, Being the Fossil Zoology of the Siwalik Highlands in the North of India, 1849, London.

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