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Temporal range: Late Pleistocene
Falconer and Cautley, 1849
Equus sivalensis is an extinct equid, discovered in the Siwalik hills. Remains date to 2.6 million years ago, and it is assumed that it was extinct during the last Ice Age, between 75,000 and 10,000 years ago, as part of the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Remains have been found in middle to late Pleistocene locations in the Siwaliks and in Tamil Nadu, and recently, as a "Great Indian horse" in Andhra, dated to ca. 75,000 BP.
- B.J. MacFadden, Fossil Horses, 1992, 2nd ed. 2003 ISBN 978-0-521-47708-6
- Falconer H. and Cautley, Fauna Antiqua Sivalensis, Being the Fossil Zoology of the Siwalik Highlands in the North of India, 1849, London.
- Two PDF-files with information on E. sivalensis: Animal remains (PDF), Fossil equids (PDF)
- M. Witzel, Harappan horse myths and the sciences
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