Province, Taluk and Assembly Constituency
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Eranad refers to the erstwhile province in the midland area of Malabar, consisting of Malappuram and nearby regions such as Anakkayam, Manjeri, Kondotty etc. It's also one of the seven taluks (or tehsils) in Malappuram district (formerly in Kozhikode district) in the Indian state of Kerala.
Eranad (from "Erala-nadu", the Land of the Cattle, according to William Logan), was originally a province in the Chera Kingdom (9th-12th century CE) ruled by a clan known as the Eradis. Their provincial capital was at Nediyiruppu, near present-day Kondotty. The ruler of the Eralanadu was known as the Eralanadu Utaiyavar, Elar-thiri or Nediyiruppu Mooppan or Mooppil Nayar. Manavepala Manaviyan, a governor of the Eralanadu, signs himself in the famous Jewish Copper Plate (1000 CE). The Syrian Copper Plate (1225 CE) is also signed by the Eralanadu ruler.
After the fall of the Cheras, the region became an independent political entity. Later, the Eradis expanded their kingdom to the west and moved their capital to Calicut while setting up a regional capital at Kottappadi, Malappuram with Paranambi as the chieftain. The Eradis came to be known as the "Kings of the Oceans" (Samoothiri/Zamorin) in later times.
The Ernad taluk existed during British Colonial rule in India and was a part of the Malabar District within the Madras Presidency. In the first decade after Independence, large-scale changes in the territorial jurisdiction of this region took place with the formation of new taluks. On 1 January 1957 Tirur Taluk was formed, by absorbing portions of Eranad and Ponnani taluks. Two more taluks, namely Tirurangadi taluk and Nilambur taluk, were formed later by bifurcating Tirur Taluk and Eranad taluk.
The region was the centre of the Moplah Uprising of 1921. This armed uprising, an independence movement against the British, was brutally put down by the Colonial government. This was also a major centre of the brutalities heaped upon the Hindu populace during the Moplah uprising.
Villages in Ernad Taluk
Modern day Eranad taluk comprises 33 villages (sub-division)
- Kavanur, Areekode
- Pandalur, Pandikkad
Eranad, the name also used by
- Eranad Knowledge City Manjeri
- Eranad Hospital Edakkara
- Eranad Online Areekode
Ernad or Eranad tehsil is a predominantly Muslim area. Hindus are found in comparatively small numbers; so the culture of the locality is based upon Muslim traditions. Duff Muttu, Kolkali and Aravanamuttu are common folk arts of this locality. There are many libraries attached to mosques, providing a rich source for Islamic studies. Some of the books there are written in Arabi-Malayalam, which is a version of the Malayalam language written in Arabic script. People gather in mosques for the evening prayer and continue to sit there afterwards discussing socio-cultural issues. Business and family issues are also sorted out during these evening meetings. The Hindu minority of this area keep their rich traditions by celebrating various festivals in their temples. Hindu rituals are done here with a regular devotion just as in other parts of Kerala.
The Ernad area connects with other parts of India through highway NH966. Multiple state highways connect the region with other part of the district as well as the rest of state. The nearest airport is at Karipur. The nearest major railway station is at Tirur.