Erasmus Darwin Barlow
|This article is missing information about Barlow's contribution to psychiatry (or zoology). (May 2011)|
Born in London in 1915, he was the second son of Sir Alan Barlow, son of Sir Thomas Barlow, royal physician. His mother was Lady Nora Barlow, daughter of Sir Horace Darwin. He was a great-grandson of the naturalist Charles Darwin. Although Erasmus has been a common name in the family since the time of his great-great-great-grandfather Erasmus Darwin, he was named after his mother's brother, his uncle Erasmus Darwin IV who was killed at the Second Battle of Ypres on the 24th April, nine days after he was born. His elder brother was Commodore Sir Thomas Erasmus Barlow, a younger brother is Horace Barlow.
He was educated at Marlborough College, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied medicine. He also studied at University College London. He married Brigit Ursula Hope Black (known as Biddy), daughter of the author Ladbroke Black in 1938. They had three children:
- Jeremy Barlow (b. 1939), flautist, music historian, and Director of the Broadside Band, married Jane Marian Hollowood, and later Ruth Evelyn Savage
- Camilla Barlow (b. 1942), married Martin Christopher Mitcheson OBE, doctor, and later Anthony Whitworth-Jones, Director of Garsington Opera
- Phyllida Barlow (b. 1944), sculptor and Professor of Fine Art at the Slade School of Fine Art in London, who married Fabian Peake, son of the artist Mervyn Peake.[importance?]
Barlow was senior lecturer and honorary consultant in psychological medicine at St Thomas’s Hospital Medical School (1951–66), vice chairman of the Mental Health Research Fund, and a member of the scientific staff of the MRC Department of Clinical Research, University College Hospital. He was chairman of the Bath Institute of Medical Engineering and an enthusiastic founding member of the Erasmus Darwin Foundation at Lichfield. He was also, at various times, chairman of the Cambridge Scientific Instrument Company (CIC) - the firm founded by his maternal grandfather, and a director of CIC Investment Holdings, deputy chairman of George Kent Ltd and a director of Group Investors Ltd.
Barlow published research papers in physiology and psychiatric medicine. Additionally, he was a Founder Fellow of the Zoological Society of London and its Secretary between 1980 and 1982. In 2008 the society started the Erasmus Darwin Barlow Conservation Expeditions named in his honour.
Barlow was also a trustee for over 20 years of the Barlow Collection of Oriental art collected by his father. In 1997 Barlow, along with his brother Sir Thomas Barlow, 3rd Baronet, were both awarded honorary Doctors of Letters degrees by the University of Sussex, who were bequeathed the Barlow Collection in 1968 on the death of Sir Alan 
- BARLOW ED, POCHIN EE. Slow recovery from ischaemia in human nerves. Clin Sci (Lond). 1948 Feb 16;6(4):303-17
- BARLOW ED, HOWARTH S Effects on blood pressure of ventricular asystole during Stokes-Adams attacks and acetylcholine injections. Br Med J. 1953 Oct 17;2(4841):863-4
- SHARPEY-SCHAFER EP, HAYTER CJ, BARLOW ED Mechanism of acute hypotension from fear or nausea. Br Med J. 1958 Oct 11;2(5101):878-80
- BARLOW ED, DE WARDENER HE, Compulsive water drinking. Q J Med. 1959 Apr;28(110):235-58
- "Darwins at The Savile"; paper given to The Savile Club, London by Jeremy Barlow
- Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 107th edition
- Obituary in British Medical Journal.
- ‘WHITWORTH-JONES, Anthony’, Who's Who 2011, A & C Black, 2011; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2010 ; online edn, Oct 2010 accessed 26 May 2011
- Yorke, Malcolm (2002). Mervyn Peake: my eyes mint gold : a life. Overlook Press. p. 324. ISBN 1-58567-211-4.
- "I back Cambridge". The Spectator. 220. 1968. p. 539.
- The Consulting Engineer. 24. 1963. p. 207. Missing or empty
- Cattermole, Michael J. G.; Wolfe, Arthur F. (1987). Horace Darwin's shop: a history of the Cambridge Scientific Instrument Company, 1878 to 1968. A. Hilger. ISBN 0-85274-569-9.
- Zuckerman, Solly (1988). Monkeys, men and missiles: an autobiography 1946-88. Collins. p. 89. ISBN 0-00-217501-0.
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Zoological Society of London
John Guest Phillips