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Erawan National Park

Coordinates: 14°23′N 99°07′E / 14.383°N 99.117°E / 14.383; 99.117
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Erawan National Park
Erawan Waterfall
LocationKanchanaburi Province, Thailand
Nearest cityKanchanaburi
Coordinates14°23′N 99°07′E / 14.383°N 99.117°E / 14.383; 99.117
Area550 km2 (210 sq mi)
Visitors650,852 (in 2019)
Governing bodyDepartment of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (DNP)

Erawan National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติเอราวัณ) is a protected area in Western Thailand, in the Tenasserim Hills of Kanchanaburi Province. Founded in 1975, it was the 12th national park of Thailand.[citation needed]



The establishment of the national park was declared in the Royal Thai Government Gazette on 19 June 1975 and came into effect the following day.[1] This park area was further modified in 1995.[2]

The park covers an area of 343,750 rai (550 km2; 212 sq mi)[3] in Sai Yok, Tha Sao and Lum Sum subdistricts in Sai Yok District; Nong Pet and Tha Kradan subdistricts in Si Sawat District, and Chong Sadao Subdistrict in Mueang Kanchanaburi District.[1]



The major attraction of the park is Erawan Falls, a waterfall named after Erawan, the three-headed white elephant of Hindu mythology. The seven-tiered falls are said to resemble Erawan.[4] There are four caves in the park: Mi, Rua, Wang Badan, and Phrathat.[5] Rising northeast of the waterfall area there is a breast-shaped hill named Khao Nom Nang.[6]



Mixed deciduous forest accounts for 81% of the national park area.[7] Deciduous dipterocarp forest accounts for 1.68% of the national park area. Dry evergreen forests account for 14.35% of the national park area.[citation needed]







Aquatic Animals:

Tier five, Erawan Waterfall

See also



  1. ^ a b "พระราชกฤษฎีกากำหนดบริเวณที่ดินป่าเขาสลอบ ในท้องที่ตำบลไทรโยค ตำบลท่าเสา ตำบลลุ่มสุ่ม อำเภอไทรโยค ตำบลหนองเป็ด ตำบลท่ากระดาน อำเภอศรีสวัสดิ์ และตำบลช่องสะเดา อำเภอเมืองกาญจนบุรี จังหวัดกาญจนบุรี ให้เป็นอุทยานแห่งชาติ พ.ศ. ๒๕๑๘" [Royal decree declaring the area of Khao Salop Forest in the localities of Tambon Sai Yok, Tambon Tha Sao, Tambon Lum Sum, Amphoe Sai Yok; Tambon Nong Pet, Tambon Tha Kradan, Amphoe Si Sawat; and Tambon Chong Sadao, Amphoe Mueang Kanchanaburi as a national park, B.E. 2518] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). 92 (114A): special 15–18. 19 June 1975.
  2. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาเพิกถอนอุทยานแห่งชาติป่าเขาสลอบ บางส่วน ในท้องที่ตำบลท่ากระดาน อำเภอศรีสวัสดิ์ จังหวัดกาญจนบุรี พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๘" [Royal Decree on the Revocation of Part of Khao Salop Forest National Park in Tambon Tha Kradan, Amphoe Si Sawat, Kanchanaburi Province, B.E. 2538] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). 112 (33A): 22. 14 August 1995.
  3. ^ "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุเบกษา 133 แห่ง" [Area Information of 133 National Parks published in the Government Gazette] (in Thai). Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. December 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2024.
  4. ^ Elliot, Stephan; Cubitt, Gerald (2001). THE NATIONAL PARKS and other Wild Places of THAILAND. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. pp. 32–35. ISBN 9781859748862.
  5. ^ Erawan National Park Archived December 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Roadway Thailand Atlas, Groovy Map Co., Ltd. © 4/2010
  7. ^ "Erawan National Park". Western Forest Complex. Retrieved 11 November 2023.

Further reads

  • Notebook, BeautifulbEq. Notebook: Beautiful Waterfalls in the Erawan National Park in Tha, Journal for Writing, College Ruled Size 6 X 9, 110 Pages. N.p., Independently Published, 2020.
  • Atiyah, Jeremy. Southeast Asia. United Kingdom, Rough Guides, 2002.