Erbil International Airport
|Erbil International Airport
Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr
فڕۆکهخانهی نێودهوڵهتی ههولێر
|Elevation AMSL||1,363 ft / 415 m|
Erbil International Airport (IATA: EBL, ICAO: ORER), is the main airport of the city of Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan. It is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani, and is one of two international airports (the other being Sulaymaniyah Airport) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, with a third in Duhok being under construction. The new modern airport opened its doors in 2010. The airport has one of the longest runways in the world (4800m).
The airport was built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Ba'ath Party regime as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Kurdistan. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER. Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Kurdistan has increased since 2005 and the city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Kurdistan Regional Government invested US$500 million in the construction of a modern airport.
The old Erbil airport covered 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had three gates and a 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long runway with an ILS system. The Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office were located inside the terminal.
A new Turkish built, $US550 million airport was opened on 3 March 2010. The new airport is next to the old airport (previously a military field) and has one of the world's longest runways, 4,800 m × 75 m (15,748 ft × 246 ft) and is equipped for ILS CAT II operations. The airport's new terminal has duty-free shops and currency exchange offices. The terminal also has CIP areas for business jets, and there is a VIP terminal for visiting dignitaries and diplomats for the purpose of achieving international airport standards.
In 2010 Erbil International Airport had the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq (at 83 US cents per litre).
As of September 29, 2017, following the Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum, all commercial international flights have been suspended. The airport remains open for domestic, humanitarian, military, and diplomatic flights.
Airlines and destinations
These are the airlines and destinations serves from Erbil Airport:
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi|
|Royal Jordanian Cargo||Amman–Queen Alia|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul–Atatürk|
Since its opening in 2006, the airport has seen increased traffic. Traffic was up 22% in 2010 and in 2011 demand was up 37% to just over 620,000 passengers. In the first four months of 2012 passenger numbers are up 52% with April setting a new record of 84,275 departing and arriving passengers.
|Year||Total passengers||Total cargo (metric tons)|
- "Old & New". erbilairport.com.
- "A winning design". erbilairport.com. 26 May 2005.
- "Shops and Services". erbilairport.com.
- EIA informs of one liter fuel in Erbil is $0.83
- Baghdad 'No fly Zone' looms for Kurdistan airports
- "Iraqi govt enforces international flight ban in Kurdistan region - France 24". 29 September 2017.
- Erbil Airport Flight Schedule
- "Iraqi govt enforces international flight ban in Kurdistan region", France24, 29 September 2017.
- "Regional carriers to halt flights to Iraqi Kurdistan", Arab News, 27 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- "Foreign airlines suspend Kurdistan flights after Baghdad ban".
- "RJ to temporarily suspend operations to Erbil and Sulaymaniyah", Royal Jordanian, 28 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Turkish Airlines Adds Gaziantep – Erbil Flights from Aug 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- Turkish Airlines cargo 2015 winter schedule
- "Erbil International Airport growing by 50% in 2012; Mahan Air, Qatar Airways and Transavia.com new this year". anna.aero.
- "Airport Statistics". erbilairport.com.