Erbil International Airport

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Erbil International Airport

Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr

فڕۆکه‌خانه‌ی نێوده‌وڵه‌تی هه‌ولێر
ErbilAirport logo.jpg
Erbil International Airport terminal building.JPG
Airport typePublic
OperatorIraqi Government[1]
ServesErbil, Iraq
Elevation AMSL1,363 ft / 415 m
Coordinates36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306Coordinates: 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306
ORER is located in Iraq
Location in Iraq
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 4,800 15,748 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Total passengers1,565,998

Erbil International Airport (IATA: EBL, ICAO: ORER), is the main airport of the city of Erbil in Iraq. It is administered by the Iraqi Government under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani, and is one of two international airports (the other being Sulaymaniyah Airport), with a third in Duhok being under construction. The new modern airport opened in 2010. The airport has one of the longest runways in the world (4800m).


The airport was built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Ba'ath Party regime as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Northern Iraq. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER. Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Iraq has increased since 2005 and the city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Regional Government invested US$500 million in the construction of a modern airport.[citation needed]

Old airport[edit]

The old Erbil airport covered 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had three gates and a 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long runway with an ILS system.[2] The Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office were located inside the terminal.

The warehouse offered cargo space amounting to 4,320 m2 (46,500 sq ft) and consisted of an import and an export section. The cargo was handled by Dnata, a Dubai-based company.[2]

New airport[edit]

A new Turkish built, $US550 million airport was opened on 5 July 2005.[2][3] The new airport is next to the old airport (previously a military field) and has one of the world's longest runways, 4,800 m × 75 m (15,748 ft × 246 ft) and is equipped for ILS CAT II operations.[2] The airport's new terminal has duty-free shops and currency exchange offices.[4] The terminal also has CIP areas for business jets, and there is a VIP terminal for visiting dignitaries and diplomats[3] for the purpose of achieving international airport standards.[5]

In 2010 Erbil International Airport had the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq (at 83 US cents per litre).[6]

From September 29, 2017, until the 14th of March, 2018, following the Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum, all commercial international flights were suspended.[7] The airport remained open for domestic, humanitarian, military, and diplomatic flights.[8]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


These are the airlines and destinations served from Erbil Airport:[9]

Air Arabia Sharjah
AnadoluJet Diyarbakir,[10] Gaziantep[10]
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal: Yerevan[11]
AtlasGlobal Istanbul[12]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Cham Wings Airlines Damascus[13]
Egyptair Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Fly Baghdad Ankara, Baghdad, Istanbul
flydubai Dubai–International[14]
FlyErbil Ankara, Baku, Beirut, Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Tunis, Yerevan
Seasonal: Antalya, Trabzon
flynas Jeddah[15]
Iraqi Airways Amman–Queen Alia, Ankara, Baghdad, Baku, Berlin–Tegel, Cairo, Copenhagen, Dubai–International, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Istanbul, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Munich
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut[16]
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya[17]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Gaziantep,[18] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha[19]
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Saudia Jeddah[20]
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Düsseldorf[21]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul, Istanbul–Sabiha Gokcen[22]
Seasonal: Antalya


Coyne Airways Dubai–International
FitsAir Dubai–International
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman–Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk[23]


Since its opening in 2006, the airport has seen increased traffic. Traffic was up 22% in 2010 and in 2011 demand was up 37% to just over 620,000 passengers. In the first four months of 2012 passenger numbers are up 52% with April setting a new record of 84,275 departing and arriving passengers.[24]

Annual Passenger & Cargo Traffic[25]
Year Passengers % Change Aircraft


% Change Cargo (MT) % Change
2006 163,619 Steady 4,894 Steady N/A N/A
2007 275,183 Increase 68% 9,815 Increase100.5% 10,000 Steady
2008 302,000 Increase 10% 7,745 Decrease21% 14,500 Increase 45%
2009 356,850 Increase 18% 7,557 Decrease 2.4% 11,533 Decrease 20%
2010 449,536 Increase 26% 7,235 Decrease 4.2% 10,848 Decrease 6%
2011 620,365 Increase 38% 7,366 Increase 1.8% 17,864 Increase 65%
2012 947,600 Increase 53% 9,021 Increase 22.4% 27,488 Increase 54%
2013 1,193,783 Increase 26% 12,229 Increase 35.5% 38,571 Increase 40%
2014 1,565,998 Increase 31% 16,218 Increase 32.6% 33,527 Decrease 13%
2015 1,665,701 Increase 6.3% 18,864 Increase 16.3% 22,742 Decrease 32.1%
2016 1,814,272 Increase 8.9% 19,080 Increase 1.1% 23,462 Increase 3.1%
2017 1,606,531 Decrease 11.4% 15,294 Decrease 19.8% 17,574 Decrease 25%
2018 1,533,863 Decrease 4.5% 15,562 Increase 1.7% 16,505 Decrease 6%


  1. ^ "Kurdish government accepts Baghdad's conditions to end dispute". Arab News. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Old & New".
  3. ^ a b "A winning design". 26 May 2005.
  4. ^ "Shops and Services".
  5. ^ Erbil International. "Airport".
  6. ^ EIA informs of one liter fuel in Erbil is $0.83
  7. ^ Erbil International Airport. "Baghdad 'No fly Zone' looms for Kurdistan airports".
  8. ^ "Iraqi govt enforces international flight ban in Kurdistan region - France 24". 29 September 2017.
  9. ^ Erbil Airport Flight Schedule
  10. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Anadolu Jet adds Erbil service from late-March 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (25 April 2019). "Armenia schedules new service to Iraq in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  12. ^ Atlasglobal. "Flight Schedule".
  13. ^ - Where we fly retrieved 9 September 2018
  14. ^ Flydubai Flight. "Timetables". flydubai.
  15. ^ Rudaw News. "First international flight lands at Erbil airport from Saudi after ban lifted". Rudaw.
  16. ^ MEA. "Timetable".
  17. ^ Liu, Jim. "Onur Air expands Iraq network in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Pegasus Airlines expands Middle East network in 2Q19". Routesonline.
  19. ^ DOH. "Booking".
  20. ^ Al-awsat, Asharq. "Saudi Airlines to Launch Direct Flights to Erbil".
  21. ^ Liu, Jim. "SunExpress Germany adds Dusseldorf – Erbil service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen – Erbil from late-June 2019". Routesonline.
  23. ^ "Turkish Airlines cargo 2015 winter schedule" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  24. ^ Erbil International Airport (13 June 2012). "Growing by 50% in 2012; Mahan Air, Qatar Airways and new this year".
  25. ^ "Airport Statistics".

External links[edit]