Erckartswiller

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Not to be confused with Eckartswiller.
Erckartswiller
Ercketswiller.JPG
Coat of arms of Erckartswiller
Coat of arms
Erckartswiller is located in France
Erckartswiller
Erckartswiller
Coordinates: 48°52′37″N 7°22′07″E / 48.8769°N 7.3686°E / 48.8769; 7.3686Coordinates: 48°52′37″N 7°22′07″E / 48.8769°N 7.3686°E / 48.8769; 7.3686
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Saverne[1]
Canton Ingwiller[1]
Intercommunality Pays de La Petite-Pierre
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020[2]) Jean Adam[2]
Area1 10.46 km2 (4.04 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 305
 • Density 29/km2 (76/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67126 / 67290
Elevation 217–392 m (712–1,286 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Erckartswiller (German: Erkartsweiler) is a commune, in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.

History[edit]

Further information: Alsace § History

In 1176, the Holy Roman Emperor donated the Ekengeriswilre monastic grange[a] to Neubourg Abbey in nearby Dauendorf. The feifdom of Erkartswyler was sold by the Burn family to the lord of Lichtenberg in 1345. Following the end of the lordship of Lichtenberg, the town was transferred to the lord of Oberbronn in 1480 and to the count of Linange (fr) in 1541. Like several cities in the vicinity, many of the inhabitants left during the Thirty Years War and the town was uninhabited from 1649–1651.[4] During the Franco-Prussian War, a brigade of the retreating French army passed through the town on 7 August 1870, during which they quickly mobilized to fight what turned out to be a false alert before slowly advancing to La Petite-Pierre.[5]

Since Erckartswiller lacks significant arable land, the inhabitants have historically lived off of the surrounding forests, with a sizeable number of cobblers.[4] The town also has a windmill, located along the Mittelbach River, which was built before 1630 and continued to function until the early 20th century.[6]

Religion[edit]

Saint Apollonia Chapel (French: Chapelle Sainte-Apollonie), dedicated to Saint Apollonia, is the town's Protestant church. The church's bell tower dates to the 14th century and the church is mentioned for the first time in 1371. Alterations and expansions were made in 1613, 1669, and 1739 and the church was restored in 1994.[6][7]

The sisters of Neuenberg built a house in Erckartswiller in 1973. It houses a small permanent team that manages a reception center and spiritual retreat for visitors from not only Alsace, but Germany and Switzerland as well. A chapel was built on the same property in 1994.[8]

Geography[edit]

Erckartswiller lies entirely within the Northern Vosges Regional Nature Park.[9]

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of Erckartswiller are known as Erckartswillerois (males) and Erckartswilleroises (females).[10] In 2011, there were 305 people living in the commune.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The term used by the source is "la grangia Ekengeriswilre". Grangia cannot be found in any French dictionary, but it is used in Italian for the English term monastic grange. This also matches the context of the source (translated): "In 1176, Pope Alexander III acknowledged the possession of the Ekengeriswilre [monastic grange] to the cistern abbey of Neubourg, which was undoubtedly received as a donation by the emperor."[4] (The village was within the Holy Roman Empire at the time.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Commune d'Erckartswiller (67126)". insee.fr (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE). Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Premier mandat de Jean Adam à la tête d’Erckartswiller". Derniers Nouvelles d'Alsace (in French). 2 April 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2015. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b "Chiffres clés Évolution et structure de la population: Commune d'Erckartswiller (67126)". insee.fr (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE). Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Histoire de Erckartswiller". Le Pays de la Petit Pierre (in French). Archived from the original on 14 November 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "21: La Guerre de 1870–1871". Revue d'histoire rédigée à l'État-major de l'armée: Section historique (Volume 3) (in France). L' armée de France: Service historique. 1902. pp. 679–680. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Erckartswiller". Le Pays de la Petit Pierre (in French). Archived from the original on 13 November 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Erckartswiller: Monuments historiques et bâtiments protégés d'Erckartswiller". Actuacity (in French). Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Maison Gustave Herrmann". ingwiller.com (in French). Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  9. ^ Google (9 May 2015). "Erckartswiller" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Erckartswiller". habitants.fr (in French). Retrieved 9 May 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Erckartswiller at Wikimedia Commons