Erdenet

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Erdenet
Эрдэнэт
ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢᠲᠦ
District
Bayan-Öndör District
Баян-Өндөр сум
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠨᠥᠨᠳᠦᠷᠰᠤᠮᠤ
View of Erdenet
View of Erdenet
Erdenet is located in Mongolia
Erdenet
Erdenet
Coordinates: 49°01′40″N 104°02′40″E / 49.02778°N 104.04444°E / 49.02778; 104.04444
Country Mongolia
Province Orkhon Province
Founded 1974
Area
 • Total 208.0 km2 (80.3 sq mi)
Elevation 1,280 m (4,200 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 83,379
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Area code(s) +976 7035 (7039)
Vehicle registration OP_ ( _ variable)
Website www.erdenet.mn

Erdenet (Mongolian: Эрдэнэт, literally "with treasure") is the second-largest city in Mongolia and the capital of the aimag (province) of Orkhon. Officially known as Bayan-Öndör sum.

Located in the northern part of the country, it lies in a valley between the Selenge and Orkhon rivers about 150 miles (241 kilometres) (as the bird flies) northwest of Ulaanbaatar, the capital. The road length between Ulaanbaatar and Erdenet is about 230 mi (370 km).

History[edit]

Erdenet, one of the youngest settlements in Mongolia, was founded in 1974[1] in an area where large deposits of copper had been discovered in the 1950s. A single-track railway line with a length of 75 mi (121 km) linking Erdenet to the Transmongolian Railway was inaugurated in 1977.[2] In the middle of the 1980s, more than 50% of the inhabitants were Russians working as engineers or miners. After the fall of communism in 1990, however, most of them left Erdenet. Today about 10% are Russians.[1]

Erdenet Mining Corporation[edit]

The city has the fourth largest copper mine in the world. The "Erdenet Mining Corporation" is a joint Mongolian-Russian venture, and accounts for a majority of Mongolia's hard currency income. Erdenet mines 22.23 million tons of ore per year, producing 126,700 tons of copper and 1,954 tons of molybdenum.[3] The mine accounts for 13.5% of Mongolia's GDP and 7% of tax revenue.[4] About 8,000 people are employed in the mine.[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

The city of Erdenet, offers a large variety of shops, has a comparatively large hospital, a Sports' Palace, several hotels and restaurants.

The city is linked to Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia, and to the towns of Darkhan and Bulgan by a paved road and is easily accessible by bus several times a day. The distance to the capital where the nearest airport is situated amounts to 230 miles (370 km) and travel by car takes about 8 hours.

Train connections between Erdenet and Ulan Bator are less comfortable as there is only one train per day covering the distance in 11 hours.

Sights[edit]

  • Tourists are allowed to visit the mine by appointment. It is in the eastern part of the city, about 6 km (4 mi) from the centre.
  • Another important economic factor of Erdenet is the carpet factory about 2 km (1 mi) from the center to the east which was founded in 1981. Every year, about 2,000 metric tons of wool are processed in the factory where about 1,100 people are employed. Tourists are welcome.[6]
  • The Mining Museum, in the Culture Palace on the central town square.[7]
  • The Aimag Museum was founded in 1983.
  • The Fraternity Monument dating from 1984 is on a hill offering a scenic view of the whole city in the northeastern part of Erdenet.
  • A new temple with a large Buddha statue was built very recently in the eastern part of Erdenet.
  • An amusement park was laid out in the east of the center.
  • Amarbayasgalant Monastery is a Buddhist monastery about 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Erdenet. It was founded between 1727 and 1737, partially destroyed by order of Khorloogiin Choibalsan in 1937 and reconstructed after 1975 using financial aid provided by the UNESCO.

Population[edit]

Erdenet population [8][9][10][11][12] [13]
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1985
est.
1989
census
1994
est.
2000
census
2003
est.
2004
est.
2005
est.
2006
est.
2007
est.
2008
est.
4,100 31,900 38,700 45,400 56,100 63,000 68,310 78,882 80,858 81,249 83,160 85,121 86,866

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Erdenet is twinned with:[14]

City Region Country
Fairbanks Alaska Alaska United States United States
Ulan Ude Buryatia Buryatia Russia Russia
Székesfehérvár[15] HUN Fejér COA.jpg Fejér County  Hungary

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 142, London 2008
  2. ^ Werner Elstner: Mongolei, p. 146, Berlin 1993
  3. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service Office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 80
  4. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service Office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 83
  5. ^ Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 143, London 2008
  6. ^ Marion Wisotzki. Mongolei, p.227, Berlin 2010
  7. ^ Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 144, London 2008
  8. ^ National Statistical Office
  9. ^ National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  10. ^ , GeoHive: Global Statistics
  11. ^ Population Statistics: historical demography
  12. ^ Mongolia City Development Strategies for Secondary Cities
  13. ^ Statistical Report 2008
  14. ^ Chris Freiberg (2008-03-30). "Sister-city program brings Mongolian delegation to Fairbanks". newsminer.com. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  15. ^ Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 

External links[edit]