Erding

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Erding
The Schrannenhalle
The Schrannenhalle
Coat of arms of Erding
Location of Erding within Erding district
Erding in ED.svg
Erding is located in Germany
Erding
Erding
Erding is located in Bavaria
Erding
Erding
Coordinates: 48°17′N 11°54′E / 48.283°N 11.900°E / 48.283; 11.900Coordinates: 48°17′N 11°54′E / 48.283°N 11.900°E / 48.283; 11.900
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictErding
Government
 • Lord mayor (2020–26) Maximilian Gotz[1] (CSU)
Area
 • Total54.64 km2 (21.10 sq mi)
Elevation
463 m (1,519 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total36,455
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
85435
Dialling codes08122
Vehicle registrationED
Websitewww.erding.de

Erding (German pronunciation: [ˈeːɐ̯dɪŋ] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the district Erding. It had a population of 36,469 in 2019.

The original Erdinger Weissbier is a well-known Bavarian specialty.

Erding is located around 31 kilometers northeast of central Munich, about a 30-minute drive by car. Regular S-Bahn trains connect to Munich and beyond.

History[edit]

Town hall

Evidence of prehistoric hunter/gatherers in the Erding area dates to c. 6000 BC, findings including an axe made of deer antler. Excavations of 2 dwellings of at least 6.5 metres in length near Altenerding from c. 2500 BC provides the first evidence of permanent agricultural based inhabitants, while some 20 early Bronze Age graveyards from c. 1800 BC have been found in Langenpriesing.

Erding was founded in 1228–1230, developing as a township as an alternative route from Landshut to Munich. Erding became known as a border town, midway between the two rival cities. During the Thirty Years' War, Erding was taken twice by Swedish troops, who plundered it and set it on fire.

In 1945, several Allied air raids on the nearby military airport damaged the city and killed numerous inhabitants.

On March 24, 1950; three Douglas DC-3s from Czechoslovakia were simultaneously hijacked. All three planes landed in Erding, West Germany. 26 of 85 passengers stayed in West Germany to escape from the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia.[3][4][5]

In 1972 Erding was connected to the Munich's S-Bahn network. In 1992 the Franz Josef Strauss Airport – more commonly known as Munich airport – was opened. The decision to build a major airport on the ecologically sensitive Erdinger Moos was a source of controversy during the previous decade. The airport has attracted new businesses and additional population to the area since it was opened.

Economy[edit]

Farm fields surround Erding and large agricultural vehicles are a common sight on local roads. Local crops include corn for animal feed, wheat, sunflowers, carrots, white/red/blue/green cabbages, strawberries, kohlrabi, turnips, and sugar beet. Farm animals are normally kept in stables and are mostly limited to pigs, chickens and cows. Fish farming in privately owned lakes is also practised. Gardening is also practiced in Erding, but is limited by the relatively cool climate.

Local companies[edit]

Wellness centre
  • Erdinger brewery
  • GLS, General Logistics Systems,
  • Therme Erding, wellness centre: with an area of 36 acres the biggest thermal spa in the world
  • Amadeus Data Processing, Data center of the largest GDS provider in the worldwide travel and tourism industry.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Erding is twinned with:[6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ "Hijacking description PP-SNT". Aviation Safety Network.
  4. ^ "Hijacking description PP-SNT". Aviation Safety Network.
  5. ^ "Hijacking description PP-SNT". Aviation Safety Network.
  6. ^ "Bastia – die Partnerstadt von Erding". ed-live.de (in German). ED-live. Retrieved 2021-03-03.

External links[edit]

  • Erding travel guide from Wikivoyage