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Erediauwa (1923-2015) was the 38th Oba of Benin, traditional ruler of the Edo people in Benin City, in Nigeria (not to be confused with the unrelated, neighbor country of Benin). Formerly known as Prince Solomon Akenzua, Oba Erediauwa's current full title was His Royal Majesty Omo n'Oba n'Edo Uku Akpolokpolo Erediauwa I.
Oba Erediawua took on the title and duties as traditional head of state and rightful heir of the extinct Benin Empire when he was crowned, succeeding his father, Oba Akenzua II, in a ceremony held in Benin City, Nigeria, on 23 March 1979.
Erediauwa was born in 1923, son of Oba Akenzua II. Before being crowned he was known as Prince Solomon, Aiseokhuoba, Igbinoghodua Akenzua. He attended Government College, Ibadan (1939–1945), then Yaba College, before going to King's College, Cambridge to study Law and Administration. He joined the Eastern Nigeria Civil Service in 1957 as a District Officer, later moving to the Federal Civil Service where he retired as Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health in 1973. For a short period he was the regional representative of Gulf Oil. In 1975, he was appointed Commissioner for Finance in Bendel State during the Military Administration of Major-General George Agbazika Innih.
Ascending to the throne on 23 March 1979, Erediauwa celebrated his 30th anniversary in 2009. During this period, he several times acted as a peacemaker between politicians. For example, he intervened in a dispute between Abia State governor Orji Uzor Kalu and Tony Anenih, Chairman of the People's Democratic Party Board of Trustees, and resolved another face-off involving Anenih and former Edo State Governor Lucky Igbinedion. Apart from the ceremonial aspects, his 30th anniversary festival was a week long carnival and a showcase of Benin arts and culture, with numerous performances of traditional music and dance, as well as an art exhibition and food fair.
Erediauwa died in January 2015 at the age of 92. His wife, Esther, died a year previously. He was succeeded by his son, Ehinede.
- Ambrose Osawe (29 March 2004). "25 Years Of An Oba". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- Simon Ebegbulem (23 March 2009). "Oba Erediauwa Marks 30 Years on Benin Throne". Vanguard. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- patience saduwa (10 September 2010). "Oba Erediauwa’s 30th coronation anniversary". Next. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "Oba of Benin joins his ancestors". IONigeria.