Eremophila (bird)

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Eremophila
Shore Lark.jpg
Horned lark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Eremophila
F. Boie, 1828
Species

see text

Synonyms
  • Otocorys
  • Phileremos

The bird genus Eremophila comprises the two horned larks.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The current genus name is from Ancient Greek eremos, "desert", and phileo, "to love".[1]

Extant species[edit]

Extinct species[edit]

There is at least one fossil species included in this genus:

Description[edit]

Unlike most other larks, these are distinctive looking species with striking head and face patterns, black and white in Temminck’s lark and black and yellow in most horned larks. In the summer males of both species have black "horns", which give these larks their alternative names.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

These are larks of open country which nest on the ground. The migratory horned lark breeds across much of northern North America, Europe and Asia and in the mountains of Europe. Temminck’s lark is mainly a resident breeding species across much of north Africa, through northern Arabia to western Iraq.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  2. ^ Boev, Z. 2012. Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825)) from Bulgaria - Acta zoologica bulgarica, 64 (3), 2012: 295-318.