Eremophila freelingii

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Limestone fuchsia
Eremophila freelingii flowers.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Eremophila
Species: E. freelingii
Binomial name
Eremophila freelingii
F.Muell.[1]
Synonyms[2]

Bontia freelingii (F.Muell.) Kuntze

Eremophila freelingii, commonly known as limestone fuchsia or rock fuchsia bush, is a flowering plant in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to Australia. It is a shrub with sticky, hairy, lance-shaped leaves and flowers a shade of light to dark lilac and which occurs in Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia.

Description[edit]

Eremophila freelingii is a small to medium shrub which usually grows to a height and width of between 0.8 and 2 m (3 and 7 ft) with branches that are covered with white hairs, and rough due to raised leaf bases. The leaves vary in size, depending on location but are mostly elliptic to lance-shaped, 35–80 mm (1–3 in) long and 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) wide. They are shiny and sticky due to the presence of resin and sparsely to densely hairy with the resin sometimes obscuring the hairs.[2][3][4][5]

The flowers are borne singly or in groups of up to 3 in leaf axils on a stalk 8–40 mm (0.3–2 in) long. There are 5 shiny, sticky, green or purple sepals which differ from each other in size and shape, varying from egg-shaped to narrow lance shaped and 10–19 mm (0.4–0.7 in) long. The petals are 20–32 mm (0.8–1 in) long and are joined at their lower end to form a tube. The petal tube is pale to dark lilac-coloured and covered with hairs on the outside, including the outside of the petal lobes. The inside surface of the lobes is glabrous but the inside of the tube is filled with woolly hairs. The 4 stamens are fully enclosed in the petal tube. Flowering occurs throughout the year but most commonly from August to November and is followed by fruits which are dry, woody, oval shaped and 6–9 mm (0.2–0.4 in) long.[2][3][4][5]

E. freelingii growth habit

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

The species was first formally described in 1859 by Ferdinand von Mueller and the description was published in Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land.[1][6] The specific epithet (freelingii) honours Arthur Henry Freeling, the Surveyor-General of South Australia from 1849 to 1861.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

E. freelingii occurs in the North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges and Eastern botanical regions of South Australia where it grows in clay soils in rocky areas.[3] In New South Wales it is found north of the Tibooburra-Milparinka area growing in rocky areas in association with mulga.[5] It is also found in the south of the Northern Territory and far south-west of Queensland, commonly on rocky hills or stony flats.[2]

Uses[edit]

Indigenous uses[edit]

Limestone fuchsia was given a range of names by different communities of Aboriginal people, including arrethe and was used for medicinal purposes such as treatment for scabies and skin lesions.[7][8]

Horticulture[edit]

This eremophila is not well known in cultivation but some forms are worth growing. It is difficult to propagate except by grafting onto Myoporum rootstock, prefers a well drained soil in a sunny or partially shaded position, is very drought tolerant and resistant to all but the most severe frosts.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eremophila freelingii". APNI. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Chinnock, R.J. (Bob) (2007). Eremophila and allied genera : a monograph of the plant family Myoporaceae (1st ed.). Dural, NSW: Rosenberg. pp. 329–332. ISBN 9781877058165. 
  3. ^ a b c "Eremophila freelingii". State Herbarium of South Australia:eflora. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Eremophila freelingii". Australian Native Plants Society Australia. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Chinnock, R.J. "Eremophila freelingii". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney:Plantnet. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  6. ^ von Mueller, Ferdinand (1860). "On the genus Eremophila". Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land. 3 (2): 295. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Eremophila freelingii". Customary Medicinal Knowledgebase. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Evans, L.; Briscoe, J.; Baker, E.; Barr, A.; Locher, C.; Muir, K.; Savigni, D.; Semple, S.; Scott, H.; Tsvetnenko, Y.; Tsvetnenko, E.; Wang, S.F. "Plants for people: Laboratory study report" (PDF). DKCRC Report 56. Ninti One Limited, Alice Springs. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  9. ^ Boschen, Norma; Goods, Maree; Wait, Russell (2008). Australia's eremophilas : changing gardens for a changing climate. Melbourne: Bloomings Books. pp. 97–98. ISBN 9781876473655.