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|The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Mary|
|Domberg zu Erfurt|
Erfurt Cathedral (left) and St. Severus Church (right)
|Website||Website of the Cathedral|
|Diocese||Diocese of Erfurt|
|Organist(s)||Silvius von Kessel|
The Catholic Erfurt Cathedral is a 1200-year-old church located on Cathedral Hill of Erfurt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is of an International Gothic style, and is also known as St Mary's Cathedral, and is located, uniquely, on a hillside.
It is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt.
The site of the present Cathedral has been the location of many other Christian buildings, for example a Romanesque basilica and a church hall. Martin Luther was ordained in the cathedral in 1507. Saint Boniface erected a church in the year 724 on the mound which the Erfurt Cathedral now sits. The foundations of the original church were used for a Romanesque basilica in the mid 12th century. The mound was then enlarged in the early 14th century to make room for the St. Mary's cathedral.
The architecture of the Erfurt Cathedral is mainly Gothic and stems from around the 14th and 15th centuries. There are many things of note as far as the architecture is concerned, not least the stained glass windows and furnishings of the interior of the cathedral. The central spire of the three towers that sit aloft the cathedral harbours the Maria Gloriosa which, at the time of its casting by Geert van Wou in 1497, was the world's largest free-swinging bell. It is the largest existing medieval bell in the world. It is known to have purity and beauty of tone.
Relics and treasures
The cathedral houses many rare and rich furnishings and sculptures, including the tomb of the bigamous Count von Gleichen, accompanied by both of his wives, a stucco altar, a bronze candelebra of Romanesque antiquity called Wolfram, the oldest free standing cast work in Germany, and, out on the porch, several statues of the Wise and Foolish Virgins.
|1||Gloriosa||1497||Gerhardus de Wou, Erfurt||2.560||11.450||e0 +3||Middle Tower, lower|
|2||Dreifaltigkeit||1721||Nicolaus Jonas Sorber||1.940||≈4.900||g0 +12||North tower|
|3||Joseph||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||1.840||≈4.600||a0 +8||South Tower|
|4||Andreas||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||1.540||≈2.600||c1 +11||North Tower|
|5||Christophorus||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||1.360||≈1.900||d1 +10||South Tower|
|6||Johannes Baptist||1720||Nicolaus Jonas Sorber||1.190||≈1.000||e1 +7||South Tower|
|7||Cosmas und Damian||1625||Jakob König, Erfurt||750||≈200||des2||Middle Tower, lower|
|8||Cantabona||1492||Hans Sinderam||650||≈300||g2||Middle Tower, upper|
|9||Engelchen||um 1475||Claus von Mühlhausen, Erfurt||550||≈125||as2||Middle Tower, upper|
|10||Namenlose||1475||Meister Peter||500||≈75||b2||Middle Tower, upper|
|11||Wandlungsglocke||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||550||≈100||f2||Middle Tower, upper|
|12||Paulusglocke||2009||Br. Michael Reuter, Maria Laach||≈39||≈42||d3||Dachreiter (Hochchor)|
|I||Martha||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||e2||Lantern|
|II||Elisabeth||1961||Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda||gis2||Lantern|
- Christoph Engels, '1000 Sacred Places', Tandem Verlag GmbH, 2010, p 55
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