Erfurt Cathedral

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Erfurt Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Mary at Erfurt
  • Erfurter Dom  (German)
  • Hohe Domkirche St. Marien zu Erfurt
  • Propsteikirche Beatae Mariae Virginis
Erfurter Dom von Oben 08.jpg
Erfurt Cathedral (left) and St Severus's Church (right)
Erfurt Cathedral is located in Germany
Erfurt Cathedral
Erfurt Cathedral
Location in Germany
50°58′33″N 11°01′24″E / 50.9759°N 11.0233°E / 50.9759; 11.0233Coordinates: 50°58′33″N 11°01′24″E / 50.9759°N 11.0233°E / 50.9759; 11.0233
LocationErfurt, Thuringia
CountryGermany
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitewww.dom-erfurt.de
History
StatusCathedral
DedicationSt Mary
Architecture
Functional statusActive
StyleGothic
Groundbreaking12th century
Specifications
Height81.26 m (266 ft 7 in)
Bells14
Tenor bell weight11.45 t (11.27 long tons)
Administration
DioceseDiocese of Erfurt
Clergy
ProvostGregor Arndt
Vicar(s)Bernhard Drapatz
Deacon(s)Matthias Burkert
Laity
Organist(s)Silvius von Kessel

Erfurt Cathedral (German: Erfurter Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Marien zu Erfurt[1], English: Cathedral Church of St Mary at Erfurt), also known as St Mary's Cathedral, is the largest and oldest church building in the Thuringian city of Erfurt, central Germany. It is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt. The cathedral was mainly built in the International Gothic style and is located on a hillside overlooking the main town square (Domplatz, Cathedral Square).[2] Former German names include Marienkirche and Propsteikirche Beatae Mariae Virginis.

History[edit]

The site of the present cathedral has been the location of many other Christian buildings, for example a Romanesque basilica and a church hall. In 742, Saint Boniface erected a church on the mound where Erfurt Cathedral is now sited. In the mid-12th century, the foundations of the original church were used for a Romanesque basilica. In the early 14th century, the mound was enlarged to make room for St Mary's Cathedral.[3]

Martin Luther was ordained in the cathedral on 3 April 1507.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The architecture of Erfurt Cathedral is mainly Gothic and originates from the 14th and 15th centuries. The building has many notable architectural features, including the stained glass windows and the interior furnishings. The central spire of the cathedral's three towers houses the Maria Gloriosa which, at the time of its casting by Geert van Wou in 1497, was the world's largest free-swinging bell. It is the largest surviving medieval bell in the world. It is known for the purity of its tone.[citation needed]

Relics and treasures[edit]

The cathedral houses many rare and rich furnishings and sculptures, including the tomb of the bigamous Count von Gleichen, accompanied by both of his wives, a stucco altar, a bronze candelabra of Romanesque antiquity called Wolfram, the oldest free standing cast work in Germany, and, out on the porch, several statues of the Wise and Foolish Virgins.

Bells[edit]

No.
 
Name
 
Year
 
Caster
 
Diameter
(mm)
Mass
(kg)
Strike tone
(HT1/16)
Bell location
 
1 Gloriosa 1497 Gerhardus de Wou, Erfurt 2,560 11,450 e0 +3 Middle Tower, lower
2 Dreifaltigkeit 1721 Nicolaus Jonas Sorber 1,940 4,900 g0 +12 North tower
3 Joseph 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda 1,840 4,600 a0 +8 South Tower
4 Andreas 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda 1,540 2,600 c1 +11 North Tower
5 Christophorus 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda 1,360 1,900 d1 +10 South Tower
6 Johannes Baptist 1720 Nicolaus Jonas Sorber 1,190 1,000 e1 +7
7 Cosmas und Damian 1625 Jakob König, Erfurt 750 200 des2 Middle Tower, upper
8 Cantabona 1492 Hans Sinderam 650 300 g2
9 Engelchen about 1475 Claus von Mühlhausen, Erfurt 550 125 as2
10 Namenlose 1475 Meister Peter 500 75 b2
11 Wandlungsglocke 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda 550 100 f2 Dachreiter (Hochchor)
12 Paulusglocke 2009 Br. Michael Reuter, Maria Laach 390 42 d3
I Martha 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda e2 Lantern
II Elisabeth 1961 Glockengießerei Schilling, Apolda gis2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official website, retrieved 15 June 2018
  2. ^ Stade, Heinz, et al. (2015) Erfurt: eine Stadt in Wandel, Leipzig: Edition Leipzig
  3. ^ Christoph Engels, (2010) '1000 Sacred Places', Tandem Verlag GmbH, p 55
  4. ^ Lull, Timothy, Nelson, Derek (2015) Resilient Reformer: The life and thought of Martin Luther, Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress

External links[edit]