Erg of Bilma
|Erg of Bilma|
Landscape of dunes in the Erg of Bilma.
Location of the Erg of Bilma.
|Elevation||4,400 m (14,400 ft)|
The Erg of Bilma is a dune sea (Arabic: erg) in the Ténéré desert region of the south central Sahara Desert. The Erg of Bilma stretches southwest from Fachi and the Tibesti Mountains. On the west it is bounded by the Aïr Mountains in north central Niger, and to the east it passes Bilma, continuing on to the Chadian border. It surrounds on three sides the oasis of Bilma, southernmost of a north–south string of oasies of the Kaouar rise. The Erg covers an area of approximately 455,000 square kilometres (176,000 sq mi).
The ancient Bornu Empire to Fezzan caravan routes had to cross the dunes of the erg south of Bilma as the last major obstacle before reaching the sahel. While that traffic largely ceased after 1820, trade though the erg of Bilma continues from the Lake Chad region and the Termit Massif on a small scale.
- Decalo, Samuel (1979), Historical Dictionary of Niger, London and New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-1229-0.
- Media related to Erg of Bilma at Wikimedia Commons
- Prof. Dr. R. Baumhauer at The University of Trier's Geography center has produced a number of papers on the Geography and Paleogeography of the Erg of Bilma.
- Surviving the Sahara : National Geographic, December 2002.
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