Ergisch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ergisch
Picswiss VS-61-40.jpg
Coat of arms of Ergisch
Coat of arms
Ergisch is located in Switzerland
Ergisch
Ergisch
Ergisch is located in Canton of Valais
Ergisch
Ergisch
Coordinates: 46°17′N 7°42′E / 46.283°N 7.700°E / 46.283; 7.700Coordinates: 46°17′N 7°42′E / 46.283°N 7.700°E / 46.283; 7.700
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Leuk
Government
 • Mayor Gerhard Eggs
Area[1]
 • Total 30.13 km2 (11.63 sq mi)
Elevation 1,090 m (3,580 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 189
 • Density 6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)
Postal code 3947
SFOS number 6104
Surrounded by Eischoll, Embd, Oberems, Sankt Niklaus, Turtmann, Unterbäch, Unterems
Website website missing
SFSO statistics

Ergisch is a municipality in the district of Leuk in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Ergisch is first mentioned in 1203 as Mons de Argessa.[3]

Geography[edit]

Ergisch village

Ergisch has an area, as of 2011, of 29.8 square kilometers (11.5 sq mi). Of this area, 20.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 38.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and 40.1% is unproductive land.[4]

The municipality is located in the Leuk district, at an elevation of 1,090 m (3,580 ft) on the slope left side of the Rhone valley at the entrance to the Turtmann valley.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess Azure three Mullets of Six Argent one and two and Gules a Fleur-de-lis and a Double Cross of the second.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Ergisch has a population (as of December 2015) of 189.[2] As of 2008, 5.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 17.5%. It has changed at a rate of 11.3% due to migration and at a rate of -6.9% due to births and deaths.[4]

All of the population (as of 2000) speaks German.[7]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.0% male and 50.0% female. The population was made up of 89 Swiss men (47.3% of the population) and 5 (2.7%) non-Swiss men. There were 89 Swiss women (47.3%) and 5 (2.7%) non-Swiss women.[8] Of the population in the municipality 118 or about 67.0% were born in Ergisch and lived there in 2000. There were 39 or 22.2% who were born in the same canton, while 15 or 8.5% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 4 or 2.3% were born outside of Switzerland.[7]

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25.6% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 54.5% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19.9%.[4]

As of 2000, there were 76 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 82 married individuals, 15 widows or widowers and 3 individuals who are divorced.[7]

As of 2000, there were 68 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[4] There were 19 households that consist of only one person and 7 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 69 households that answered this question, 27.5% were households made up of just one person and there were 3 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 15 married couples without children, 27 married couples with children There were 2 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 1 household that was made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[7]

In 2000 there were 140 single family homes (or 77.3% of the total) out of a total of 181 inhabited buildings. There were 31 multi-family buildings (17.1%), along with 5 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (2.8%) and 5 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (2.8%).[9]

In 2000, a total of 67 apartments (30.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 88 apartments (40.4%) were seasonally occupied and 63 apartments (28.9%) were empty.[9] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 5.3 new units per 1000 residents.[4] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.87%.[4]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][10]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 65.05% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (20.03%), the SP (12.63%) and the FDP (2.17%). In the federal election, a total of 121 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 79.6%.[11]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 122 votes were cast, of which 8 or about 6.6% were invalid. The voter participation was 82.4%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[12] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 121 votes were cast, of which 7 or about 5.8% were invalid. The voter participation was 79.6%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 59.88%.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Ergisch had an unemployment rate of 1.3%. As of 2008, there were 28 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 14 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 10 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[4] There were 77 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 41.6% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 23. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 12, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 3 of which 2 or (66.7%) were in manufacturing and 1 was in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 8. In the tertiary sector; 2 or 25.0% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 4 or 50.0% were in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was in education.[14]

In 2000, there were 5 workers who commuted into the municipality and 58 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 11.6 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[15] Of the working population, 14.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 63.6% used a private car.[4]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 163 or 92.6% were Roman Catholic, while 8 or 4.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to the Christian Catholic Church. 4 (or about 2.27% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist.[7]

Education[edit]

In Ergisch about 53 or (30.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 4 or (2.3%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 4 who completed tertiary schooling, all were Swiss men.[7]

As of 2000, there were 4 students from Ergisch who attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Ergisch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 08-September-2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 08-September-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived June 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived April 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  8. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (German) (French) accessed 24 August 2011
  9. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived May 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  12. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  13. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (German) accessed 24 June 2010

External links[edit]