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Ergogenic aids are any external influences that enhance athletic performance or facilitate physical exercise. These include certain performance-enhancing drugs, mechanical aids, physiological aids, nutritional aids (sports supplements), and psychological aids.
Because of the highly advantageous way performance-enhancing drugs work on the systems of its users, emphasis on privacy and stealth in implementation has been the order of the day among those who provide the raw ingredients, manufacture the drugs, distribute them, prescribe them and monitor their effects. Furthermore, it is not known how long they can continue to help performance and not hinder quality of life. Evidence of this appeared most prominently in the general American public during the discovery of and fallout over doping in sports.
- Liddle DG, Connor DJ (June 2013). "Nutritional supplements and ergogenic AIDS". Prim. Care 40 (2): 487–505. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2013.02.009. PMID 23668655.
Amphetamines and caffeine are stimulants that increase alertness, improve focus, decrease reaction time, and delay fatigue, allowing for an increased intensity and duration of training
- Thein LA, Thein JM, Landry GL (1995). "Ergogenic aids". Phys Ther 75 (5): 426–39. PMID 7732086. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Fallout From Performance-Enhancing-Drug Report Just Starting". miami.cbslocal.com/station/wqam/. Retrieved 2013-01-30..
- Mitchell Report – regarding Major League Baseball.
- Risks to health – from Mayo Clinic.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse: "NIDA for Teens: Anabolic Steroids".
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