Eric Arturo Delvalle

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Eric Arturo Delvalle
Eric Arturo Delvalle.jpg
President of Panama
In office
28 September 1985 – 26 February 1988
Preceded by Nicolás Ardito Barletta
Succeeded by Manuel Solis Palma
Vice President of Panama
In office
1984 – 28 September 1985
Preceded by Carlos Ozores
Succeeded by Roderick Esquivel
Personal details
Born Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen-Henríquez
(1937-02-02)2 February 1937
Panama City, Panama
Died 2 October 2015(2015-10-02) (aged 78)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s) Mariela Delvalle

Eric Arturo Delvalle Cohen-Henríquez (2 February 1937 – 2 October 2015) was a Panamanian politician. He served as Vice President under Nicolás Ardito Barletta. Following the disputed 1984 election, and after Barletta's forced resignation, Delvalle served as President of Panama from 28 September 1985 until 26 February 1988.

In 1988, he attempted to remove Manuel Noriega as head of the armed forces, but was himself deposed by the Legislative Assembly, going into hiding and eventually exile.

Background[edit]

Delvalle was born in Panama City.[1] His brother Raúl is a former member of the National Assembly (1984–1989). His uncle Max Delvalle was the first Jewish president in Latin America (both were members of Kol Shearit Israel Synagogue).[2] He belonged to the Republican Party founded by his family.

Presidency[edit]

Delvalle was elected as Nicolás Ardito Barletta's Vice President in the disputed 1984 election, and after Barletta's forced resignation he served as President of Panama from 28 September 1985 to 26 February 1988. Delvalle's presidency occurred during Manuel Noriega's de facto military rule of the country, and he was a loyal ally of Noriega for much of his administration.

In 1986, US Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs Elliot Abrams openly called on the Panamanian military to overthrow Noriega and suggested that it could lead to the restoration of military aid. The Delvalle government protested, filing a complaint with the Organization of American States; sixteen Latin American states joined Panama in condemning the US statement.[3]

After Noriega's indictment on 4 February 1988 by the US Drug Enforcement Administration, Delvalle unsuccessfully attempted to remove Noriega from his formal post as head of the Panamanian Defense Forces. Instead, Noriega's allies in the Legislative Assembly voted on 22 February to oust Delvalle as president, appointing Education Minister Manuel Solis Palma in his place.[4][5] Delvalle then went into hiding with the help of the American government.[4] Though initially stating that he intended to remain in Panama,[6] Delvalle soon went into the exile in the US.[5] The administration of US President Ronald Reagan refused to recognize the legitimacy of Delvalle's successors and continued to officially support the legitimacy of Delvalle's presidency until his term's official ending in late 1989.[4]

Delvalle and his Noriega-appointed successors are nicknamed the "Kleenex presidents" in Panama due to their "disposability".[7]

In 1994, he was pardoned by President Guillermo Endara for any crimes committed during the Noriega years.[8]

Personal life and death[edit]

Delvalle was married to Mariela Delvalle.[9] He died on 2 October 2015 at the age of 78 in Cleveland, Ohio.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gumbo Yearbook. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University. 1955. LD3118 .G8 1954. 
  2. ^ "Panama: Stability In The Cradle Of Transience". World Jewish Congress. 2005. Retrieved 10 December 2008. 
  3. ^ Harding 2006, p. 106.
  4. ^ a b c Glenn J. Antizzo (2010). U.S. military intervention in the post-Cold War era : how to win America's wars in the twenty-first century. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-8071-3642-3. 
  5. ^ a b Harding 2006, p. 108.
  6. ^ William Branigan (28 February 1988). "Panama's President In Hiding; Delvalle Flees Home As Military Orders His Expulsion". Washington Post.  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  7. ^ Harding 2006, p. 100.
  8. ^ "Briefs". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.  – via Questia (subscription required). Reuters. 7 June 1994. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  9. ^ William Branigin (10 March 1988). "Wife of Panama's Ousted President Asks U.S. to Be Ready to Invade". Washington Post.  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  10. ^ Obituary

Bibliography[edit]

  • Robert C. Harding (2006). The History of Panama. Greenwood Press. ISBN 031333322X. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos Ozores
First Vice President of Panama
1984–1985
Succeeded by
Roderick Esquivel
Preceded by
Nicolás Ardito Barletta
President of Panama
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Manuel Solís