He was educated at the University of Durham, and the Courtauld Institute. His earlier works include the "Process Paintings" produced with masking tape grids and often brightly coloured, mostly from the 1960s. His videotapes date mainly from 1973 to 1976. In 1979, Eric Cameron began applying coats of gesso to some objects that just happened to be lying around his Halifax apartment. Since then, a total of sixty or so "Thick Paintings" have been initiated; about half are in museum collections across Canada, while the rest continue to be worked on.
Eric Cameron has taught a total of 47 years at Universities in England and Canada. He presently holds the position of University Professor at the University of Calgary and was the recipient of the Governor General's Award in 2004. He is a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. His works are held in the collections of the Glenbow Museum and the National Gallery of Canada.