Eric L. Charnov (born October 29, 1947) is an American evolutionary ecologist. He is best known for his work on foraging, especially the marginal value theorem, and life history theory, especially sex allocation and scaling/allometric rules. He is a MacArthur Fellow and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Three of his papers are Science Citation Classics.
His research interests are: metabolic ecology (temperature and body size in the determination of biological times and rates), evolutionary ecology (population genetics), evolutionary game theory, and optimization models to understand the evolution of life histories, sex allocation, sexual selection, and foraging decisions.
- Charnov, E.L. 1993. Life History Invariants. Oxford University Press, 167 pp.
- Charnov, E.L. 1982. The Theory of Sex Allocation. Princeton University Press, 355 pp.