Eric Chu

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Eric Chu
Chu Li-lun
朱立倫
Eric-Chu-cropped.png
Mayor of New Taipei
Assumed office
18 January 2016
Deputy Hou You-yi
Hsu Chih-chien
Lee Shih-chuan
Chen Shen-hsien
Preceded by Hou You-yi (Acting)
In office
25 December 2010 – 19 October 2015
Preceded by Chou Hsi-wei (Magistrate of Taipei)
Succeeded by Hou You-yi (Acting)
6th Chairperson of the Kuomintang
In office
19 January 2015 – 16 January 2016
Deputy Hau Lung-pin
Huang Min-hui
Preceded by Wu Den-yih (Acting)
Succeeded by Huang Min-hui (Acting)
Hung Hsiu-chu
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
In office
10 September 2009 – 17 May 2010
Premier Wu Den-yih
Preceded by Paul Chiu
Succeeded by Sean Chen
Minister of the Consumer Protection Commission
In office
10 September 2009 – 17 May 2010
Premier Wu Den-yih
Preceded by Paul Chiu
Succeeded by Sean Chen
Magistrate of Taoyuan
In office
20 December 2001 – 10 September 2009
Deputy Huang Min-kon
Preceded by Hsu Ying-shen (Acting)
Succeeded by Huang Min-kon (Acting)
Member of the Legislative Yuan
In office
1 February 1999 – 20 December 2001
Personal details
Born (1961-06-07) 7 June 1961 (age 55)
Bade City, Taiwan
Political party Kuomintang
Spouse(s) Kao Wan-ching
Alma mater National Taiwan University
New York University

Eric Chu (Chinese: 朱立倫; pinyin: Zhū Lìlún; born on 7 June 1961) is a Taiwanese politician and the incumbent Mayor of New Taipei. He was born into a political family with strong Kuomintang (KMT) ties,[1] and served as Vice Premier of the Republic of China, under Premier Wu Den-yih. Prior to this, Chu served as legislator (1999 to 2001) and as the magistrate of Taoyuan County (2001 to 2009). He was elected as the first mayor of the newly established city of New Taipei on 27 November 2010. On 17 January 2015, he was elected unopposed as Chairman of the Kuomintang, succeeding Ma Ying-jeou. On 17 October 2015, he was chosen as KMT candidate for the 2016 presidential election replacing incumbent candidate Hung Hsiu-chu. Chu was defeated by his opponent Tsai Ing-wen, and subsequently resigned his post as KMT chairman.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Chu was born in Bade City, Taoyuan County, Taiwan,[4] son of a local Taoyuan County politician who served in the local legislature and also in the National Assembly. Chu's mother is from Daxi Township. Chu is married to Kao Wan-ching (高婉倩);[5] his father-in-law, Kao Yu-jen, is former speaker of the Taiwan Provincial Assembly, chairman of Twinhead International Corp and founder of FiberLogic Communications.[6][7][8]

Chu studied at the National Taiwan University, earning a bachelor's degree in management in 1983. After completing compulsory military service in the Republic of China Armed Forces, Chu then went abroad to study at New York University in the United States where he completed a master's degree in finance in 1987 and a PhD in accounting in 1991.[9]

Early career[edit]

After graduation, Chu taught as an assistant professor at City University of New York before returning to teach in Taiwan in 1992.[9] He initially taught as an associate professor in accounting at National Taiwan University and was promoted to a tenured professor in 1997.[9][10]

Early political career[edit]

He ran in the Republic of China legislative election held on 5 December 1998, was elected as a Kuomintang legislator, and took office on 1 February 1999. During his office term, he focused on financial and economic issues of Taiwan.[11]

In 2000, he was appointed as the Chairman of Budgetary Committee and Finance Committee of the Legislative Yuan. He served the position for one year until 2001.[9]

Taoyuan County magistrate[edit]

Magistrate Chu at the 2007 Taoyuan Book Exhibition
Magistrate Chu and Mayor Hau at the 2008 Digital Cities Convention Taoyuan

2001 Taoyuan County magistrate election[edit]

Chu won the 2001 Taoyuan County Magistrate election held on 1 December 2001 as a member of then-opposition Kuomintang, defeating Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) candidate Perng Shaw-jiin.[12]

2001 Taoyuan County Magistrate Election Result
No. Party Candidate Votes Percentage
1 Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg DPP Perng Shaw-jiin 353,568 44.2%
2 Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg KMT Eric Chu 441,827 55.24% Vote1.svg
3 Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent Chuang Chih-chung (莊志忠) 4,509 0.56%

2005 Taoyuan County magistrate election[edit]

Chu ran for re-election in the 2005 Republic of China local election on 3 December 2005 and defeated DPP challenger Cheng Pao-ching, CEO of Taiwan Salt Company. He then took office for his second term as magistrate on 20 December 2005.[13]

2005 Taoyuan County Magistrate Election Result
No. Party Candidate Votes
1 Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg KMT Eric Chu 488,979 Vote1.svg
2 Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg DPP Cheng Pao-ching (鄭寶清) 307,965
3 Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent Wu Jiadeng (吳家登) 6,784

2009 Founders Awards[edit]

In March 2009, Magistrate Chu, with other three local government officials, was named by the Intelligent Community Forum as the recipient of its annual Founders Awards for his effort in digital and technology development. The forum studies the impact of technology on communities.[14]

Grandmother's house named historic site[edit]

According to the Liberty Times, while Chu was serving as magistrate, his grandmother's home in Daxi was designated a historic architectural site; in 2014, after Chu registered to run for chairmanship of the KMT, just prior to the transfer of power to the DPP, the Taoyuan County Government Cultural Affairs Bureau signed contracts of NT$30.17 million (US$1 mil) of public spending to renovate the site.[15]

Resignation from position as County Magistrate[edit]

Chu did not complete his second term. He resigned his post as Taoyuan County Magistrate when he was named vice premier in 2009.[16] He was succeeded by Deputy Magistrate Huang Min-kon (黃敏恭) as acting magistrate on 10 September 2009.[17]

Kuomintang Vice Chairmanship[edit]

During his second term as Magistrate of Taoyuan County, Chu concurrently served as the Vice Chairman of Kuomintang from November 2008 until October 2009.[18]

2009 Straits Forum[edit]

Addressing the audience as KMT Vice Chairman during the first Straits Forum in May 2009 held in Xiamen, Fujian, Chu stressed the importance of mindset change in boosting economic development across the strait, choose common development and jointly create a mutual benefit situation for both sides.[19]

ROC Vice Premiership[edit]

Vice Premier appointment[edit]

Chu was tapped by President Ma Ying-jeou to be the Vice Premier to Wu Den-yih on 7 September 2009, in a reshuffling of the Executive Yuan due to the slow disaster response to Typhoon Morakot.[17][20] Chu's position as Magistrate of Taoyuan County was succeeded by Deputy Magistrate Huang Min-kon.[21] At the age of 48, Chu was the youngest Vice Premier in ROC history.[22]

Vice Premier resignation[edit]

Chu in 2010 ROC Municipal Election for Mayor of New Taipei City

On 13 May 2010, Chu submitted his resignation to Premier Wu to run for mayor of the newly created New Taipei City, the successor of Taipei County.[23] Financial Supervisory Commission chairperson Sean Chen was tapped to succeed Chu as deputy premier.[24]

New Taipei City Mayoralty[edit]

2010 New Taipei City mayoralty election[edit]

In May 2010 before the New Taipei City Mayor election, Chu outlined his vision for the city. Noting the gap between New Taipei and Taipei, Chu promised to transform New Taipei if he was elected, where completing the mass rapid transit network in New Taipei will be his top priority. Chu defeated DPP Chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen on 27 November 2010, to become the first mayor of New Taipei on 25 December 2010.[25] He named Hou You-yi, Hsu Chih-chien, and Lee Shu-chuan deputy mayors of the city.[26] Hou and Chen Shen-hsien shared the deputy mayoral post soon after Lee was named Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan on 25 February 2014 and Hsu had stepped down on 30 June 2014 due to health concerns.[27][28][29][30]

2010 New Taipei City Mayoral Election Result
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 1 Eric Chu 1,115,536 52.61% Vote1.png
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 2 Tsai Ing-wen 1,004,900 47.39%
Total 2,120,436 100.00%
Voter turnout 71.25%

Wikileaks[edit]

The content of some of Chu's conversations with Stephen Young of the American Institute in Taiwan was included in US diplomatic cables that were released by WikiLeaks in 2011. Chu claims that those cables do not accurately reflect the content of his conversations with Young.[31]

Taiwanese fisherman shooting incident[edit]

The Guang Da Xing No. 28 was fishing in disputed water in the South China Sea on 9 May 2013 when the Philippine Coast Guard opened fire on the Taiwanese fishing boat. Chu condemned the shooting and said that he would suspend all of the exchanges between New Taipei City and the Philippines until the Philippine government apologized for the incident, compensated the victim's family and persecuted the perpetrators.[32]

2014 New Taipei City mayoralty election[edit]

Election result in New Taipei City for Chu and Yu Shyi-kun.

On 29 November 2014, Chu won the New Taipei City mayoralty election, defeating his opponent Yu Shyi-kun of the Democratic Progressive Party. He had been expected to win a landslide victory,[33][34] but he won by slightly more than 1% of the vote total.[35] His second mayoral term started on 25 December 2014.

2014 New Taipei City Mayoral Election Result
No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Yu Shyi-kun Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg DPP 934,774 48.78%
2 Li Chin-shun (李進順) Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 22,207 1.16%
3 Eric Chu Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg KMT 959,302 50.06%
Vote1.svg

Kuomintang Chairmanship[edit]

Election[edit]

On 17 January 2015, Chu ran unopposed in the KMT chairmanship election. He was the only candidate to have registered and paid the NT$2 million registration fee.[36] He succeeded Ma Ying-jeou, who had resigned on 3 December 2014 to take responsibility for KMT losses in the ROC local election on 29 November 2014.

Candidate Total votes cast Percentage of vote
Eric Chu[37] 196,065 99.61%
Voter turnout 56.34%[38]

Cross-strait relations[edit]

Prior to the election, Chu said he had not yet decided on meeting with Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping after being elected as KMT chairman.[39] Furthermore, he said that “Cross-strait relations must stick to the current peaceful, open and mutually beneficial path, no matter which party is in power...but the economic benefits brought about by cross-strait development must not only go to a few vested groups...(and) We will pay special attention to an equitable distribution of wealth."[40]

On 4 May 2015, Chu met with General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping in Beijing.[41][42]

KMT Party Assets[edit]

Chu also acknowledged that the KMT has accumulated much of its wealth illegally, and that these assets should be returned to the nation.[43] In 2000 Chu claimed that these assets total US$3.15 billion;[44] they include 146 plots of land, many in prime locations, as well as 157 houses and buildings. the majority of which were seized from Japanese and Taiwanese in 1945 and subsequently treated as belonging to the party, not the nation.[45] After Chu announced his candidacy for KMT Chairmanship, however, he claimed not to know what assets are held or what their value might be.[46]

2016 Republic of China presidential election[edit]

KMT candidate nomination[edit]

Though Chu had repeatedly refused to run in the 2016 presidential election,[47][48] he was chosen to be the preferred candidate over the incumbent Hung Hsiu-chu in a KMT congress held at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall on 17 October 2015.[49] KMT members in attendance overwhelmingly voted 812 of 891 to replace Hung over Chu.[50] In a post-election speech, Chu apologized to Hung for her dismissal, but continued by saying the KMT has reached a crucial point where it needs to adjust its pace and start anew. He also apologized to New Taipei residents for breaking his promise to serve the city mayor until his term ends.[3][51] The party's decision to replace Hung had been made prior to the meeting, and Chu had apologized to Hung multiple times for the way the party had treated her.[52][53]

Presidential campaign[edit]

On 19 October 2015, Chu announced his intention to temporarily leave mayoral duties to Deputy Mayor Hou You-yi starting the next day.[54] Chu planned to take three months of leave, to focus on his presidential campaign. The monthly salary of NT$190,500 Chu would have collected during this time was to be donated to the New Taipei City treasury.[55]

Election result[edit]

Chu suffered enormous defeat in the 2016 presidential election, losing 18 of 23 counties.

e • d Summary of the 16 January 2016 Republic of China presidential election results
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Tsai Ing-wen Chen Chien-jen 6,894,744 56.12%
 
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Eric Chu Li-luan Wang Ju-hsuan 3,813,365 31.04%
 
LogoPFP.svg People First Party James Soong Chu-yu Hsu Hsin-ying 1,576,861 12.84%
 
Total 12,284,970 100%

He resigned the KMT chairmanship, and returned to the New Taipei City mayorship on 18 January 2016.[56]

Family Assets[edit]

According to a Control Yuan report issued in 2014, the four members of Chu's immediate family have combined savings of $23.5 million New Taiwan dollars. Chu also has securities and 11 plots of land in Taipei, Taoyuan City and Tainan; furthermore, he has three homes in Taipei's Shilin District and Neihu District that are worth more than $100 million New Taiwan dollars. This same report reveals that from 2012 to 2014, while serving as New Taipei City mayor, his assets grew by NT$7.5 million ($251,200 United States dollars).[57]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "After KMT drubbing, all eyes turn to party's lone mayor, Eric Chu". South China Morning Post. 5 December 2014. 
  2. ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201601160025.aspx
  3. ^ a b "KMT needs to start anew: Chu". focustaiwan.tw. 
  4. ^ "The Mayor of Taoyuan County ― Eric Liluan Chu." Taoyuan County. Retrieved on 2 February 2009.
  5. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/presidential-election/2015/10/21/448879/Chu-meets.htm
  6. ^ "Eric Chu tight-lipped on election bid". 
  7. ^ "PROFILE: Appointment as vice premier will put Taoyuan County's Eric Chu to the test". 
  8. ^ "Eric Chu's family ties a cause for concern: TSU". 
  9. ^ a b c d "New Taipei City Government - Mayor of New Taipei City". ntpc.gov.tw. 
  10. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2009/09/08/223721/Chu-said.htm
  11. ^ "Eric Chu (朱立倫)|Who's Who|WantChinaTimes.com". Wantchinatimes.com. 1961-06-07. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  12. ^ Chiu, Yu-tzu (2 December 2001). "DPP loses support on the ground". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  13. ^ "2014 ELECTIONS: KMT's John Wu loses Taoyuan re-election bid". 
  14. ^ "PROFILE: Appointment as vice premier will put Taoyuan County's Eric Chu to the test". Taipei Times. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  15. ^ "solidarity.tw". tumblr.com. 
  16. ^ "DPP questions Chu's promise to stay on as New Taipei mayor". 
  17. ^ a b http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2009/09/11/224183/Chu-bids.htm
  18. ^ "Newsmakers: Eric Chu | Hear in Taiwan". Blog.rti.org.tw. 2010-05-23. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  19. ^ "Senior official urges "most broad-based" cross-Straits exchanges". www.gov.cn. 
  20. ^ Wong, Edward (7 September 2009). "Prime Minister of Taiwan Quits Over Typhoon Response". New York Times. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Huang Min-kon tapped as deputy secretary-general(行政院全球資訊網 - PDA(英文版)-Press Releases)". Ey.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  22. ^ Li, Xueying (18 October 2015). "KMT ditches presidential candidate". Straits Times. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Chu resigns to run in Xinbei City election". China Daily. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  24. ^ Ho, Chiayi (13 May 2010). "Wu names FSC head as ROC vice premier". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  25. ^ Weiyi Lim and Janet Ong (27 November 2010). "Taiwan's KMT Wins Most Seats in Vote, Showing Support for Pro-China Stance". Bloomberg. 
  26. ^ "Former police chief to be Chu's deputy". Taipei Times. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  27. ^ Culpan, Tim (25 February 2014). "Former Google Executive Named Taiwan's First Technology Minister". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  28. ^ "Ex-New Taipei deputy mayor prosecuted for taking bribes". China Post. Central News Agency. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  29. ^ Pan, Jason (31 July 2015). "Hsu Chih-chien held in graft probe". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  30. ^ Hsiao, Alison (28 July 2014). "Ex-minister says he was victim of 'horrible system'". Taipei Times. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "WIKILEAKS: KMT rushes to deny claims about internal struggles". 
  32. ^ "Death on the High Seas: Ma issues ultimatum over fisherman's death". Taipei Times. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  33. ^ "New Taipei City Mayor Eric Chu to run for Kuomintang chairman". South China Morning Post. 12 December 2014. 
  34. ^ Yan-chih, Mo (25 December 2013). "Chu leading in mayoral election: poll". Taipei Times. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  35. ^ Lo, Chi-hao James (20 November 2014). "Chu's close-shave win in New Taipei". The China Post. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  36. ^ Chyan, Amy (December 14, 2014). "Eric Chu to become KMT chairman by default". The China Post. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Eric Chu puts hand up for KMT role". 
  38. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2015-01/17/content_19341130.htm
  39. ^ "Would-be KMT chairman brushes off idea of meeting with Xi 'for now'". Central News Agency. 
  40. ^ "Chu proposes referendum on Constitution in 2016". The China Post. Central News Agency. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  41. ^ "Leader of Taiwan's Kuomintang in Beijing to meet Chinese President Xi". Channel NewsAsia. 
  42. ^ "Taiwan's ruling party chief to meet China's Xi on Monday". Channel NewsAsia. 
  43. ^ "Chu registers for KMT election". 
  44. ^ "DPP challenges Chu on assets". 
  45. ^ "Taiwan's Kuomintang Seeks to Hide its Assets - Asia Sentinel". Asia Sentinel. 
  46. ^ "《TAIPEI TIMES 焦點》 DPP challenges Chu on assets". 
  47. ^ Lai, Hsiao-tung (18 April 2015). "Chu says he will not run for president". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  48. ^ "Taiwan ruling party chief Eric Chu says he will not run for president next year". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  49. ^ "Eric Chu named as KMT's new presidential candidate". Central News Agency. 
  50. ^ "Taiwan's embattled KMT ousts presidential candidate". Channel NewsAsia. 
  51. ^ "Presidential Election: KMT's Eric Chu takes over campaign". Taipei Times. 
  52. ^ Hsu, Stacy (14 October 2015). "Chu apologizes over Hung turmoil". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  53. ^ Hsu, Stacy (15 October 2015). "KMT moves closer to replacing Hung". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  54. ^ "Eric Chu takes leave from mayoral duties". Central News Agency. 
  55. ^ "KMT chief to donate wages for 3-month leave to New Taipei coffers". Central News Agency. 
  56. ^ Chiao, Yuan-Ming (19 January 2016). "KMT chairmanship vacated as Chu bows out". China Post. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  57. ^ "Eric Chu, John Wu multimillionaires, Control Yuan says". 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hsu Ying-shen
Acting
Magistrate of Taoyuan
2001–2009
Succeeded by
Huang Min-kon
Acting
Preceded by
Paul Chiu
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Sean Chen
Preceded by
Chou Hsi-wei
as Magistrate of Taipei
Mayor of New Taipei
2010–2015, 2016–
Succeeded by
Hou You-yi
Acting
Preceded by
Hou You-yi
Acting
Most recent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wu Den-yih
Acting
Chairman of the Kuomintang
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Huang Min-hui
Acting
Preceded by
Hung Hsiu-chu
Kuomintang nominee for President of the Republic of China
2016
Most recent