Eric Douglas Cummings
|Eric Douglas Cummings|
|Born||13 April 1896
Franklin, Tasmania, Australia
|Died||27 October 1979(aged 83)|
|Service/branch||Australian Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1914–1920
|Unit||No. 2 Squadron AFC|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
Captain Eric Douglas Cummings (13 April 1896 – 27 October 1979) was an Australian World War I flying ace credited with nine aerial victories while flying for the Australian Flying Corps. Postwar, he was an integral part of fund-raising campaigns to care for his fellow Australian military veterans. He then served in the Royal Air Force reserves until reactivated for service during World War II.
Cummings (serial number 1026) enlisted in the 2nd Signal Company, Australian Imperial Force on 27 October 1914, giving his profession as cart driver and claiming 15 months prior service in C Company, 93rd Regiment of the militia. He embarked for departure from Australia in December 1914; he was in the 15th Battalion as a bugler. He served in the Gallipoli Campaign before transferring to aviation.
World War I aviation service
Cummings was assigned to train at the flying school at RAF Shawbury. He completed all phases of his training in three weeks, and was posted to No. 2 Squadron AFC. Although he had yet to score an aerial victory, his rise through the ranks was rapid, and he was appointed Flight Commander on 17 October 1916. He subsequently liaised with Rene Fonck in operations against Manfred von Richthofen's Flying Circus.[Note 1]
Details of Cummings' service over the next year and a half are missing. By May 1918, however, he was assigned to 2 Squadron AFC as a Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a pilot. On 3 May 1918, he scored his first aerial victory. His brother Roy mailed home a copy of orders describing the action; this was reprinted in The (Hobart) Mercury in the Cummings' native Tasmania. The reprint gives a vivid description of early aerial warfare:
"Lieutenant E. D. Cummings...attacked a...triplane, and fired a burst from both guns into it. The enemy aircraft immediately went down in a spin, followed by Lieutenant Cummings, still firing. The enemy aircraft then turned on its back, and finally crashed....At this point Lieutenant Cummings was attacked by four...triplanes, who shot away his elevator controls, instrument board, petrol and oil tanks; his machine went down almost out of control, but he managed to keep it out of a spin until it...crashed. His safety-belt broke, and he was thrown clear of the machine into a shell-hole...."
Nothing daunted, Cummings went on to score eight more confirmed aerial wins and rise to the rank of captain. His bravery would win him a Distinguished Flying Cross, which would be gazetted on 8 February 1919:
"This officer has proved himself an able and determined leader of offensive patrols. In carrying out these raids he has met with conspicuous success, heavy damage being inflicted on enemy material and personnel. This has been due in the main to his brilliant leadership and skilful navigation. Capt. Cummings possesses, in a marked degree, courage, combined with cool judgment."
List of aerial victories
|1||3 May 1918 @ 1130 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a serial number B168||Fokker Triplane||Destroyed||Meteren|
|2||1 June 1918 @ 0900 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n B195||Pfalz D.III||Destroyed||East of Pozières|
|3||31 July 1918 @ 1115 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||LVG reconnaissance plane||Set afire; destroyed||East of Laventie|
|4||31 July 1918 @ 1115 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||LVG reconnaissance plane||Driven down out of control||Merville|
|5||15 September 1918 @ 1720 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||Albatros reconnaissance plane||Destroyed||West of Macquart||Victory shared with Ernest Davies|
|6||14 October 1918 @ 1010 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||Fokker D.VII||Destroyed||West of Cysoing|
|7||14 October 1918 @ 1015 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||Fokker D.VII||Driven down out of control||East of Gruson|
|8||14 October 1918 @ 1020 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||Fokker D.VII||Driven down out of control||Hertain|
|9||1 November 1918 @ 1415 hours||Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n C6473||LVG reconnaissance plane||Driven down out of control||Antoing||Victory shared with Ernest Davies|
Between the wars
Cummings returned to Australia after the war; on 28 August 1919 he flew an aerobatic exhibition in a Sopwith Pup over downtown Hobart, including eight loops. The exhibition was a public relations stunt to draw a crowd to subscribe to a Peace Loan of 750,000 Pounds to care for military veterans. After his departure from Hobart, he barnstormed locally for the Peace Loan, despite engine trouble after departing Launceston for Longford and Devonport on 9 September 1919.
World War II
- Appointment as a Flight Commander was customarily accompanied by a promotion to captain.
- Sydney Morning Herald, 31 October 1979
- "A Tasmanian Airman". The Hobart Mercury. 9 August 1918. p. 6.
- "Eric Cummings". The Aerodrome. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "The Peace Loan". The Hobart Mercury. 29 August 1919. p. 5.
- "Eric Douglas Cummings". First World War Embarkation Rolls. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "The Peace Loan". The Hobart Mercury. 29 August 1919. pp. 5–6.
- "No. 31170". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 February 1919. p. 2037.
- "The Peace Loan Aeroplane". The Hobart Mercury. 10 September 1919. p. 6.
- "General Birdwood's Visit". The Hobart Mercury. 12 February 1920. p. 5.
- "No. 32835". The London Gazette. 19 June 1923. p. 4279.
- "No. 33393". The London Gazette. 12 June 1928. p. 4022.
- "No. 33444". The London Gazette. 4 December 1928. p. 7984.
- "No. 33593". The London Gazette. 1 April 1930. p. 2066.
- "No. 34059". The London Gazette. 12 June 1934. p. 3760.
- "No. 34193". The London Gazette. 27 August 1935. p. 5473.
- "No. 33686". The London Gazette. 3 February 1931. p. 750.
- "The Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom: Official Notices to Members". Flight. 6 May 1932. p. 392. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "No. 34866". The London Gazette. 7 June 1940. p. 3438.
- "No. 35503". The London Gazette. 27 March 1942. p. 1389.