Eric S. Edelman
Eric Steven Edelman
Edelman in the mid-2000s
|8th Under Secretary of Defense for Policy|
August 9, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Douglas Feith|
|Succeeded by||Michele Flournoy|
|United States Ambassador to Turkey|
August 29, 2003 – June 19, 2005
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||W. Robert Pearson|
|Succeeded by||Ross Wilson|
|United States Ambassador to Finland|
August 27, 1998 – January 29, 2001
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Derek Shearer|
|Succeeded by||Bonnie McElveen-Hunter|
|Born||1951 (age 68–69)|
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Patricia D. Edelman|
|Alma mater||Cornell University (B.A., 1972)|
Yale University (Ph.D., 1981)
|Awards||Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, Legion d'Honneur (2011)|
|Website||www.defenselink.mil at the Wayback Machine (archived March 6, 2008)|
Eric Steven Edelman (born 1951) is an American diplomat who served as Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (2005–2009), U.S. Ambassador to Turkey (2003–2005), U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Finland (1998–2001), and Principal Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs (2001–2003). A career Foreign Service Officer, Edelman entered the Senior Foreign Service in 1992. He is a recipient of the Secretary of Defense's award for Distinguished Civilian Service (1993) and the State Department's Superior Honor Award (1990 and 1996).
He retired from the U.S. Foreign Service in May 2009 and is a visiting scholar at the Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies and Roger Hertog Distinguished Practitioner in Residence at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and Distinguished Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. He was also an advisor for the 2012 Mitt Romney presidential campaign.
Early life and education
Edelman's diplomatic career began in early January 1980 when he was a member of the U.S. Middle East Delegation to the West Bank/Gaza Autonomy Talks Delegations from 1980 to 1981. He was later a Watch Officer in the State Department Operations Center (1981–1982) and a Staff Officer on the Secretariat Staff (1982). From 1982 to 1984 he acted as Special Assistant to Secretary of State George P. Shultz. Then, from 1984 to 1986, he served as Director of Soviet Policies at the Office of Soviet Affairs at the Department of State. From 1987 to 1989, he was Head of the External Political Section at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. This was followed by an appointment as Special Assistant to the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (April 1989–April 1990). Edelman voted for George Bush in the 1988 U.S. presidential election.
In April 1990 Edelman became the Assistant Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Soviet and East European Affairs. He held this position until April 1993, at which point he became Deputy to the Ambassador-at-Large and Special Advisor to the Secretary of State on the New Independent States from April 1993 to July 1993. He moved to the Czech Republic in June 1994 where he took on the role of Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Prague. He held this position until June 1996, at which time he became Executive Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State from June 1996 to July 1998.
Edelman's first ambassadorial appointment came in 1998 when he was made the U.S. ambassador to Finland. This three-year position (1998–2001) was followed by his appointment as Principal Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs (February 2001 – July 2003)—in which he became a member of Dick Cheney's staff working under Scooter Libby.
Edelman's second term as ambassador was from July 2003 to June 2005 as Ambassador to the Republic of Turkey. Edelman took on this role after the second Iraq invasion, during which anti-American tensions within Turkey were high. He was next appointed to the position of Undersecretary of Defense for Policy on August 9, 2005, via recess appointment by George W. Bush, after his nomination was stalled in the Senate. Edelman replaced Douglas Feith, who had resigned. The appointment since his confirmation by the senate would have been impossible to achieve, set to expire in January 2007 when a new Congress convened, was confirmed by the Senate on February 9, 2006.
Criticism of U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton
In July 2007, Edelman attracted media attention for criticizing Senator Hillary Clinton, a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. In a private letter to Senator Clinton in response to a request made to the Pentagon in May 2007 for an outline plans for withdrawing troops from combat in Iraq, Edelman rebuffed her request and wrote:
Premature and public discussion of the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq reinforces enemy propaganda that the United States will abandon its allies in Iraq, much as we are perceived to have done in Vietnam, Lebanon and Somalia.
The Associated Press described his criticisms as "stinging". According to the Associated Press, Edelman's comments were: "unusual, particularly because it was directed at a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee". The Associated Press pointed out that fellow committee member Republican Senator Richard Lugar had also called for discussions of withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq, but had escaped Edelman's criticism. Clinton has said she is "shocked by the timeworn tactic of once again impugning the patriotism of any of us who raise serious questions" about the Iraq war. In a letter to Secretary of Defense Gates, Senator Clinton reiterated her request for plans on troop redeployment and protested Edelman's criticism and asked if Edelman's letter accurately reflected Gates' views as Secretary of Defense. In reference to Clinton's comments, Secretary of Defense Gates has said "I believe that congressional debate on Iraq has been constructive and appropriate."
On February 13, 2018, Edelman published an article in Politico: "Turkey Is Out of Control. Time for the U.S. to Say So." According to Edelman, a "clear and tough-minded approach to Turkey is the only way to prevent that clash." In January 2018, Turkey launched Operation Olive Branch in northern Syria. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkey since 2014, has confronted US forces with an 'Ottoman slap'.
- "Strategic Studies Faculty". SAIS, Johns Hopkins University. Archived from the original on 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2013-01-18.
- "Eric S. Edelman".
- "National Defense Strategy Commission Releases Its Review of 2018 National Defense Strategy". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
- "Eric Edelman II Transcript - Conversations with Bill Kristol".
- "Eric Edelman: Restoring American Leadership in the World".
- "Eric Edelman on the Rise of Authoritarianism around the World".
- "Eric Edelman Transcript - Conversations with Bill Kristol".
- "Bush Names Edelman to No. 3 Defense Post, Bypassing U.S. Senate". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2007-04-07.
- "Presidential Nomination: Eric Steven Edelman". The White House. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Miles, Donna (2006-02-10). "Senate Edelman to Top Policy Post". DefenseLink. U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- "Pentagon Aide Says Clinton Helps Enemy". The New York Times. July 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
- Phillips, Kate (2007-07-21). "Clinton Criticizes Defense Dept. for Reply to Her Iraq Request". The New York Times.
- "Clinton hits back at Pentagon official". USA Today. Associated Press. 2007-07-20.
- "Clinton hits back at Pentagon official", Devlin Barrett. Associated Press. USA Today. July 20, 2007. Retrieved 4 Mar 2017
- Clinton, Hillary Rodham (2007-07-19). "Letter to Secretary of Defense Gates" (PDF). Archived from the original (pdf) on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Devlin, Barrett (20 July 2007). "Clinton Hits Back at Pentagon Official". Huffington Post.
- "Turkey Is Out of Control. Time for the U.S. to Say So". Politico.
- Eric Edelman, Feb 13, 2018: "Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatens US forces with an 'Ottoman slap' ", Washington Examiner.
- "Eric S. Edelman". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eric S. Edelman.|
- "Biography - Eric S. Edelman, Under Secretary of Defense for Policy". United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
- "Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy - website". Retrieved 2 February 2009.
- "Ambassador Eric Edelman". Embassy of the United States, Ankara, Turkey. Archived from the original on 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
- "Policy in the Twenty First Century". Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Public Policy. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
- "Profile:Eric S. Edelman". Right Web. International Relations Center. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| United States Department of Defense
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
| United States Ambassador to Finland
W. Robert Pearson
| United States Ambassador to Turkey