Eric Edgar Cooke
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Eric Edgar Cooke
|Died||26 October 1964 (aged 33)|
|Cause of death||Execution by hanging|
|Other names||The Night Caller|
|Victims||8 murders and 14 attempted murders|
Span of crimes
|1 September 1963|
Eric Edgar Cooke (25 February 1931 – 26 October 1964), nicknamed the "Night Caller" and later the "Nedlands Monster", was an Australian serial killer. From September 1958 to August 1963, he terrorised the city of Perth, Western Australia, by committing at least twenty-two violent crimes, eight of which resulted in deaths.
Eric Edgar Cooke was born on 25 February 1931 in Victoria Park, a suburb of Perth, and was the eldest of three children. Cooke was born into an unhappy, violent family; his parents married solely because his mother, Christine Cooke, was pregnant with him, and his alcoholic father, Vivian Cooke, beat him frequently, especially when the boy tried to protect his mother. Christine Cooke would sleep in the staff room at her job in the Como Hotel to avoid beatings.
Cooke was born with a cleft lip and palate, for which he had one operation when he was three months old and another when he was 3½. Surgical operations to repair the deformities were not totally successful, left him with a slight facial deformity, and he spoke in a mumble; these handicaps made him the target of bullying at school. Cooke's disfigurements also made him ashamed, shy, and emotionally unstable at a young age due to the beatings and bullying that came with it.
Though very good at subjects that required retentive memory and manual dexterity, Cooke was expelled from Subiaco State School for stealing money from a teacher's purse at the age of six. Once he was transferred to Newcastle Street Infants' School, Cooke was again the butt of many jokes with his mumble and scar. He continued to be made fun of at every school he attended, including Highgate Primary School, Forrest Street Primary School, and Newcastle Street Junior Technical School.
Cooke was also placed in orphanages or foster homes on occasion. Much like his mother, Cooke would hide underneath the house or roam neighbouring streets just to escape a night of his father's violence. Cooke was frequently hospitalised for head injuries and had suspected brain damage because of his accident-proneness. Later it was questioned whether this was due to repressed suicidal tendencies. He also suffered from recurrent headaches and was once admitted to an asylum. His reported blackouts later stopped after an operation in 1949.
He left school at 14 to work as a delivery boy for Central Provision Stores in order to support the family. He would give his weekly wages to his mother who could not fully support the family with the money she earned from cooking and cleaning. Many of Cooke's jobs put him in the hospital due to his accident-proneness. At a job in the factory of Harris, Scarfe and Sandover, Cooke was hospitalised after being struck on the nose by a winch. At the age of 16, he worked as a hammer boy in the blacksmith section of the workshop at Midland Junction, where he always signed his lunch bag "Al Capone". At the same job he ended up burning his face with steam and suffering second-degree burns and jarred his right hand and injured his left thumb.
Starting at age 17, Cooke spent his nights involved in petty crimes and vandalism; he would later serve 18 months in jail for burning down a church after he was rejected in a choir audition. During his later teenage years, Cooke would sneak into houses and steal whatever he found valuable. These crimes escalated to damaging clothing and furniture in acts of vengeance. He would cut out newspaper accounts of his crimes to impress his acquaintances in an attempt to gain friends.
At Cooke's grandmother's house on 12 March 1949, police finally caught up with the young vandal, finding evidence at his house. His fingerprints were then matched to those found in other open cases. At the age of 18, on 24 May 1949, Cooke was sentenced to three years in prison after being arrested for arson and vandalism by a Detective Burrows who considered the boy one of "life's unfortunates." He was convicted on two charges of stealing, seven of breaking and entering and four of arson. He left many fingerprints and easy clues for detectives which would teach him to be more careful in his future crimes.
Cooke was described as "a short, slight man with dark, wavy hair and a twisted mouth". At the age of 21, Cooke joined the regular Australian Army, but was discharged three months later after it was discovered that before enlistment he had had a juvenile record for theft, breaking and entering, and arson. During his training, he was quickly promoted to lance corporal and was taught to handle firearms.
On Saturday 14 November 1953, Cooke, then aged 22, married Sarah (Sally) Lavin, a 19-year-old waitress, at the Cannington Methodist Church (demolished 1995). They ultimately had a large family of seven children, four boys and three girls.
During the 1950s and early 1960s, people in Australia frequently left cars unlocked and often with the keys in the ignition. Cooke found it easy to steal cars at night and sometimes returned stolen vehicles without the owners becoming aware of the theft. In September 1955, after having crashed a car and requiring hospitalisation, Cooke was sentenced to two years hard labour on a charge of unlawful use of a motor vehicle; he was ultimately released from Fremantle Prison just prior to Christmas, 1956. After his release, he took to wearing women's gloves while committing crimes, in order to avoid leaving fingerprints, which had been his undoing in relation to his prior breaking and entering convictions.
Cooke's 4-year killing spree involved a series of seemingly unrelated hit-and-runs, stabbings, stranglings, and shootings. Victims were shot with different rifles, stabbed with knives and scissors, hit with cars, and beaten with an axe. Several were killed after waking up as Cooke was robbing their homes, two were shot while sleeping without their homes being disturbed, and one was shot dead after answering a knock on the door. After stabbing one victim, Cooke got lemonade from the refrigerator and sat on the verandah drinking it. One victim was strangled to death with the cord from a bedside lamp, after which Cooke raped the corpse, disrobed and dragged it to a neighbour's lawn, then sexually penetrated it with an empty whisky bottle, which he then left cradled in the victim's arms.
Cooke's murder victims were Pnena (Penny) Berkman, Jillian McPherson Brewer, John Lindsay Sturkey, George Ormond Walmsley, Rosemary Anderson, Constance Lucy Madrill, and Shirley Martha McLeod. Another victim, Brian Weir, ultimately died as a result of permanent injury three years after having been shot by Cooke. As the crimes were opportunistic and used varying methods, and Cooke's victims shared no obvious common traits, it was not understood that all these crimes were being perpetrated by one individual killer. In fact, two of the murders were attributed to other men who were wrongfully convicted in relation to the deaths of Jillian Brewer and Rosemary Anderson.
The police investigation included fingerprinting more than 30,000 males over the age of 12, as well as locating and test-firing more than 60,000 .22 rifles. After a rifle was found hidden in a Geraldton wax bush on Rookwood Street, Mount Pleasant, in August 1963, ballistic tests proved the gun had been used in the McLeod murder. Police returned to the location and tied a similar rifle, rendered inoperable, to the bush with fishing line and constructed a hide in which they waited in case someone returned for it. Cooke was noted loitering in a car in the area several times, and was apprehended when he tried to collect the weapon just after midnight on 1 September.
After initial denials regarding the McLeod murder, Cooke eventually began confessing to his many crimes, including eight murders and fourteen attempted murders. He was convicted on a charge of murdering Sturkey, one of Cooke's five Australia Day shooting victims.[page needed] In his confessions, Cooke demonstrated an exceptionally good memory for the details of his crimes irrespective of how long ago he had committed the offences. For example, he confessed to more than 250 burglaries and was able to detail exactly what he took, including the number and denominations of the coins he had stolen from each location. The book Presumed Guilty by Bret Christian includes details of Cooke's confession, made over two days in September 1963 at Fremantle Prison to his Legal Aid lawyer Desmond Heenan. "I have a great respect for the law, although my actions don't show this," Cooke said.
Trial and execution
Cooke pleaded not guilty on the grounds of insanity. At trial, Cooke's lawyers claimed that he suffered from schizophrenia, but this claim was dismissed after the director of the state mental health services testified that he was sane. The state would not allow independent psychiatric specialists to examine Cooke. Cooke was convicted of wilful murder on 28 November 1963 after a three-day trial by jury in the Supreme Court of Western Australia before Justice Virtue. He was sentenced to death by hanging and, despite having grounds to appeal, he ordered his lawyers not to apply, claiming that he deserved to pay for what he had done.
After 13 months in New Division, Cooke was hanged at 8 am on 26 October 1964 in Fremantle Prison. Ten minutes before the sentence was carried out, Cooke swore on the Bible that he had killed Brewer and Anderson, claims which had been previously rejected because other people had already been convicted of those murders. Cooke was the last person to be hanged in the state of Western Australia. He was buried in Fremantle Cemetery, above the remains of child killer Martha Rendell, who was hanged in Fremantle Prison in 1909.
Two of Cooke's murders resulted in false convictions:
Darryl Beamish, a deaf-mute, was convicted in December 1961 of murdering Jillian Macpherson Brewer, a Melbourne heiress who was stabbed with a hatchet and scissors, in 1959. Beamish was initially sentenced to death, but an investigation by Post Newspapers owner Bret Christian led to his conviction being overturned. Beamish's initial appeal was also dismissed because the court did not believe Cooke's evidence. The prosecution claimed that his confessions were an attempt to prolong his own trial and the then-Chief Justice of Western Australia, Sir Albert Wolff, called Cooke a "villainous unscrupulous liar". The police case against Beamish is detailed in Christian's book Presumed Guilty.
John Button was wrongly convicted for the death of his girlfriend, Rosemary Anderson, who died in Royal Perth Hospital (RPH) at 2:30am in the early morning of 10 February 1963. Anderson had spent the previous day with Button in celebration of his nineteenth birthday; they had a minor argument at his home that night which culminated in her deciding to leave the Button house and walk home. Button followed her in his car at different stages, attempting to have her accept a lift home. At one stage Button parked his car to smoke a cigarette; upon resuming driving he turned into Stubbs Terrace, in Shenton Park, and discovered her laying on the ground beside the road. John Button took his injured girlfriend to a local doctor and she was subsequently transferred to RPH by ambulance. The police became involved and interviewed Button who, after intense questioning and upon receiving notice of Anderson's death, broke down and confessed to being responsible for her hit & run death. After conviction for manslaughter, the courts dismissed Button's initial appeal, even though Cooke had by this time confessed to the crime and provided details that only the culprit could have known; in particular, the judges did not believe Cooke's claim that Anderson's body was thrown "over the roof" of a Holden EK sedan without damaging its external windscreen sun visor, as Cooke had claimed.
Over subsequent decades, Button and his supporters – including Christian and Blackburn – continued to press for a retrial, a campaign that included a well-publicised 1998 simulated reenactment of Anderson's death, conducted by crash test experts, with both a Holden matching one believed to have been used by Cooke on the night in question, and three Simca Aronde sedans like the car owned by Button, which were driven at a crash test dummy. The dummy was thrown over the roof of the Holden, as Cooke had claimed, and the damage sustained matched the records of a panelbeating business that had, in 1963, repaired the vehicle driven by Cooke. The experts found that the sun visor flexed when hit by a body and returned to its original shape, without cracking the paint. An expert from the United States was brought to Australia to prove Cooke's car, not Button's, hit Anderson.[page needed]
Despite Cooke's 1963 confession, Beamish served 15 years, while Button was sentenced to 10 years and ended up serving five. In 2002, the Court of Criminal Appeal quashed Button's conviction. Button's success opened the way for an appeal by Beamish, who was acquitted in 2005. In both cases, the appeal judges found that the murders had probably been committed by Cooke. On 2 June 2011, Beamish was granted a A$425,000 ex gratia payment by the Western Australian government.
Estelle Blackburn spent six years writing the biographical story Broken Lives, about Cooke's life and criminal career, focusing particularly on the devastation left on his victims and their families. New information on Cooke and fresh evidence published in the book led to the exonerations of Button and Beamish. Another book was Presumed Guilty by Bret Christian.
In Randolph Stow's final novel, The Suburbs of Hell (1984), he acknowledged that there was a delayed response to the horror of Cooke's murders, which he transposed for fictional purposes from his WA origins to a town resembling the English town he then inhabited, Harwich. Suzanne Falkiner's biography of Stow revealed that it piqued his sense of humour that Perth denizens at the time of the murders would knock on doors and say 'It's the Nedlands Monster'.
A 2000 memoir by Robert Drewe, The Shark Net – later made into a three-part television series – provided one author's impressions of the effect the murders had on the Perth of that era. According to Drewe, more people bought dogs for security, and locked back doors and garages that had never been secured before.
In March 2009, the second season of Crime Investigation Australia featured an episode about Eric Edgar Cooke. In September 2016, Felon True Crime Podcast also reviewed Cooke’s crime spree in detail.
- Christian, Bret (1 February 2003). "Police decoy used in killer hunt sting". Post Newspapers. Archived from the original on 2 February 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2006.
- Collins, Hugh. "Cooke, Eric Edgar (1931–1964)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
- Broken Lives (2005), p.18. (Blackburn writes that Cooke had an operation on his lip at 3 months as a baby and for his cleft palate at 3½ years of age.)
- "Eric Edgar Cooke - The Night Caller". Truly Unusual. 7 March 2006. Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
- Broken Lives (2005)
- Condon, Judy; Cooke, Sarah (1 June 2006). "Interview with Sarah Cooke". Trove. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Felon True Crime: Felon - S1E8 - The Night Caller". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- "The Night Caller stalked the suburbs". www.heraldsun.com.au. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Episodes in Western Australia's Policing History: 1963 Serial killer Cooke". Western Australia Police. 2006. p. 15. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- Presumed Guilty (2013)
- "Button v. The Queen  WASCA 35". JADE. 2002. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Ex-gratia payment for wrongly jailed man". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Drewe, Robert (2003). The Shark Net. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14300-215-4. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- "Episodes: Crime Investigation Australia". Channel Nine. Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
- Christian, Bret (2013). Presumed Guilty. Hardie Grant. ISBN 978-1-74270-674-0.
- Blackburn, Estelle (2005). Broken Lives. Hardie Grant. ISBN 1-74064-073-X.
- "Crime & Punishment Education Resource Notes: Eric Edgar Cooke" (PDF). Fremantle Prison. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2005.
- Sable, Kari (2008). "Serial, Spree and Mass Murderers". True Crime and Justice.
- "Eric Edgar Cooke - The Night Caller". Unsolved Mysteries. 7 December 2003.
- "Murder He Wrote (Part 1)". Australian Story. 29 July 2002. ABC Television.