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Eric Hughes (cypherpunk)

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Eric Hughes is an American mathematician, computer programmer, and cypherpunk. He is considered one of the founders of the cypherpunk movement, alongside Timothy C. May and John Gilmore.[1][2] He is notable for founding and administering the Cypherpunk mailing list,[3] authoring A Cypherpunk's Manifesto,[4][5] creating and hosting the first anonymous remailer,[1][6][7][8] and coining the motto, "Cypherpunks write code".[6]

The May/June 1993 issue (vol. 1 no. 2) of Wired featured a cover photo, credited to Larry Dyer, of three masked cypherpunks, of which Hughes was one.[1][9]

On September 27, 2012, Hughes delivered the keynote address, Putting the Personal Back in Personal Computers, at the Amsterdam CryptoParty.[10][11][12][13][14][15]

See also



  1. ^ a b c Rid, Thomas (20 July 2016). "The cypherpunk revolution". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 2019-09-29.
  2. ^ Manne, Robert (16 February 2011). "The Cypherpunk Revolutionary: Julian Assange: the unknown story". The Monthly (published 18 March 2011). pp. 17–35. Archived from the original on 24 November 2023. Retrieved 2023-09-17.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Levy, Steven (1 June 1994). "Anonymously Yours — How to Launder Your E-mail". Wired. Vol. 2, no. 6. Archived from the original on 29 April 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  4. ^ Hughes, Eric (9 March 1993). "A Cypherpunk's Manifesto". Activism: Cypherpunks. Archived from the original on 2023-09-17. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
  5. ^ Stewart Cheifet; Andrew deVries; Jane Wither (1996). Politics on the Web. The Internet Cafe. Additional contributors: supervising producer: Sara O'Brien; producer: Annaliza Savage; videographers: Phil Azzopardi and Ken Butler; audio: Chris Fenwick; utility: Hanns Ullrich; Cyberblast producer: Robbin M. Ray; segment director: Tom van Horn; editor: Robert E. Meyer; post production audio & graphics Kris Richardson; computer technician: Buzz Hague; Cyberblast engineer: Fred Heineman; engineer: Gregg Chadwick; production associate: Tom Schauer; production assistants: Adolfo Leiva, Kevin Long, and Elana McCoy; assistants to the producers: Lisa Pilkin, Mary Anne Sirois, and Tammy Wilson; hair/makeup: Annie Jenkins; executive producer: Stewart Cheifet. CyberSmith internet cafe, Palo Alto, California: PCTV, Inc. Event occurs at 0m31s to 0m35s (teaser) and 9m54s to 16m22s (main content).
  6. ^ a b Bartlett, Jamie (March–April 2016). "Cypherpunks Write Code". American Scientist. 104 (2): 120. doi:10.1511/2016.119.120. Archived from the original on 2023-11-24. Retrieved 2023-09-17. From The Dark Net: Inside the Digital Underworld, by Jamie Bartlett. Copyright © 2015 by Melville House. Used by permission of the publisher.
  7. ^ Jennings, Tom (10 October 1992). "Thoughts on Security and Authentication for Email Systems". FidoNews. 9 (41) (published 12 October 1992): 8–12. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. "Anyways, security is more than cryptographic strength. Turns out, there's a way around this: anonymous remailers. In a private Internet mailing list Eric Hughes came up with a trick to anonymously remail messages…"{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link) – Also available at: https://www.sensitiveresearch.com/Archive/FidoNet/Fido-FidoNet-folder.zip Archived 2023-09-17 at the Wayback Machine path Fido-FidoNet-folder/FILES/fidonet-history/publicke.art, https://cypherpunks.venona.com/date/1992/10/msg00078.html, http://textfiles.serverrack.net/bbs/FIDONET/JENNINGS/STANDARDS/keys.doc.txt Archived 2023-09-17 at the Wayback Machine, and https://www.scribd.com/document/203979356/Cypherpunk-Mailing-List-1992 Archived 2022-07-28 at the Wayback Machine (starting at page 115).
  8. ^ May, Timothy C. (11 November 1992). "Hackers Conference Report". lists.cpunks.org Mailing Lists, Cypherpunks archives 1992-2013. Archived from the original on 2022-01-27. Retrieved 2023-09-17. Eric Hughes, a mathematician who worked briefly for David Chaum's 'DigiCash' outfit, described anonymous remailers implemented in Perl and now running.
  9. ^ Alexander, Anna Goldwater (9 October 2018). "Our Favorite 25 WIRED Covers of All Time". WIRED. ISSN 1059-1028. Archived from the original on 18 December 2022. Retrieved 18 December 2022.
  10. ^ Reißmann, Ole (9 October 2012). "Cryptoparty-Bewegung: Die Cypherpunks sind zurück". Der Spiegel (in German). ISSN 2195-1349. Archived from the original on 2023-08-08. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  11. ^ cryptoanarchy.wiki (17 June 2018). 2012-09-27 Eric Hughes Keynote at Amsterdam Cryptoparty (audio recording). Archived from the original on 2022-12-05. Retrieved 2023-09-17 – via SoundCloud. Eric Hughes, the author of A Cypherpunk's Manifesto nearly two decades before, delivered the keynote address, Putting the Personal Back in Personal Computers, at the Amsterdam CryptoParty on 2012-09-27.
  12. ^ Hildebrandt, Larissa (17 November 2012). "Amsterdam joins the 'CryptoParty'". Unlike Us. Institute of Network Cultures, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. Archived from the original on 2022-12-05. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  13. ^ Hughes, Eric (2012). Cryptoparty Keynote (audio recording). Cryptoparty 2012 Amsterdam Technologia Incognita. Archived from the original on 2023-09-17. Retrieved 2023-09-17 – via CryptoHub.nl.
  14. ^ Şenalp, Örsan (8 July 2013). "/chapter: A-Cryptoparty-History-Party-Like-Its-1984 / CryptoParty Handbook". Social Network Unionism. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  15. ^ Stumpel, Marc (2 October 2012). "Eric Hughes' keynote address to #CryptoParty Amsterdam: 'Putting the Personal back in Personal Computers.' http://cryptohub.nl/cryptoparty/eric_hughes_cryptoparty.ogg via @drwhax". X (formerly Twitter). Archived from the original on 2024-04-04. Retrieved 2023-09-17.