Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Avebury
Lord Avebury on the terrace of the Palace of Westminster
|Liberal Chief Whip|
1963 – 18 June 1970
|Preceded by||Arthur Holt|
|Succeeded by||David Steel|
|Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
15 March 1962 – 18 June 1970
|Preceded by||Donald Sumner|
|Succeeded by||Ivor Stanbrook|
|Born||29 September 1928|
|Spouse(s)||Kina-Maria O'Kelly de Gallagh (m. 1953–83)
Lindsay Stewart (m. 1985)
|Education||Upper Canada College
Balliol College, Oxford
Eric Reginald Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, PC (born 29 September 1928) is an English politician. He served as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Orpington from 1962 to 1970, and serves in the House of Lords, having inherited the title of Baron Avebury in 1971. In 1999, when most hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords, he was elected by his fellow Liberal Democrats to remain. He is currently the longest serving Liberal Democrat peer.
A descendant of William Lubbock (1701–54), he is the son of the Honourable Maurice Fox Pitt Lubbock (the sixth son of John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury) and the Honourable Mary Katherine Adelaide Stanley, daughter of Arthur Lyulph Stanley, 5th Baron Sheffield and Stanley of Alderley. His cousin John Lubbock, 3rd Baron Avebury died without a male heir in 1971, and Lubbock succeeded him.
Having joined the Liberal Party in 1960 and become a councillor the following year, Lubbock won a sensational by-election victory at Orpington on 15 March 1962, with a majority of 7,855. This was a swing of nearly 22% from the Conservatives and brought the number of Liberal MPs to seven. Following his victory, he was dubbed "Orpington Man".
Many commentators speculated that the Liberals would make a substantial breakthrough at the following general election and this by-election was widely seen as the start of a Liberal revival and a possible return to government, or at least a return to the opposition.
When the party leader Jo Grimond resigned in 1967, Eric Lubbock was one of the three Liberal MPs who stood for the position. Jeremy Thorpe, however, won with six votes to Emlyn Hooson's and Lubbock's three apiece.
In the Commons, Lubbock was on the Speaker's Commission on Electoral Law from 1964 to 1966, and proposed STV in multi-member constituencies, only to be voted down by 18–1. He also proposed reducing the voting age to 18, on which two Labour Members supported him.
In 1970, Orpington reverted to being a Conservative seat. On losing the seat Lubbock said, "In 1962 the wise, far-seeing people of Orpington elected me as their Member; in 1970 the fools threw me out".
Lubbock is a grandson of John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury and the following year upon the death of his cousin he succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Avebury. He sat on the Royal Commission on Standards of Conduct in Public Life and in 1976 founded the Parliamentary Human Rights Group, which he chaired for the next 21 years.
Lord Avebury is an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society and a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association. He frequently raises matters related to British nationality law in Parliament. He has been a strong supporter of the citizenship rights of the solely British ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, and has fought for their rights.
He is also President of the Peru Support Group, and advocates on human rights issues in Peru, and is a Patron of Prisoners Abroad, a charity that supports the welfare of Britons imprisoned overseas and their families.
In 2009, Lord Avebury was awarded (with Dr Evan Harris MP) the National Secular Society's Secularist of the Year Award in recognition of his role in the abolition of the common law offence of blasphemous libel.
Lord Avebury is a Co-Chair of the CHT (Chittagong Hill Tracts) Commission, which monitors the implementation of the CHT Peace Accord by the Bangladesh Government.
He has married twice:
- Kina-Maria O'Kelly de Gallagh (2 September 1953 – 1983)
- The Hon. Lyulph Ambrose Jonathan Lubbock (born 15 June 1954); married Susan MacDonald 14 May 1977, with issue.
- The Hon. Maurice Patrick Guy Lubbock (born 5 November 1955); married Diana Tobin 1982 with issue.
- The Hon. Victoria Sarah Maria Lubbock (born 27 April 1959); married Alan Binnie 1983 with issue.
- Lindsay Stewart (1985– )
- The Hon. John William Stewart Lubbock (born 8 August 1985)
- "BBC ON THIS DAY | 15 | 1962: Liberals seize Orpington". BBC News. 15 March 1990. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- "Orpington". BBC News. 2001. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- Macrory, Sam (24 April 2010). "Top Ten: Lib Dem 'breakthrough moments'". ePolitix.com. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- "Muslim leader praises British spirit of tolerance". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Press Secretary AMJ International. 28 March 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Letters: Harsh judgments on the pope and religion". The Guardian (London). 15 September 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at PublicWhip.org
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
- Lord Avebury profile at the site of the Liberal Democrats
- Lord Avebury's personal blog
- On BN(O) minors of Nepalese origin entitled to British citizenship, 4 July 2006 letter to the South China Morning Post
- Highlighting the plight of Indian ethnic minority BN(O)s in Limbo in Hong Kong, 25 September 2006 letter to the South China Morning Post
- Criticising the delay in processing of British citizenship applications of Indian-origin ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, 23 October 2006 letter to the South China Morning Post
- On persons of Indian & Nepalese origin born in Hong Kong before 30 June 1979 and 30 June 1976 entitled to British nationality, 27 November 2006 letter to the South China Morning Post
- On difficulties facing British nationals of Nepalese origin entitled to British citizenship, 22 February 2007 letter to the South China Morning Post
- Speech at Committee Stage of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill 2009 advocating that solely British Nationals (Overseas) be given a right to register as British citizens
- Video of Committee Stage of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill 2009 advocating that solely British Nationals (Overseas) be given a right to register as British citizens
- Britain must resolve issue of stateless people, letter in the South China Morning Post 14 March 2009
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Orpington
|Party political offices|
|Liberal Chief Whip
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|