Eric Russell (athlete)

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Eric Russell
Personal information
Full nameEric Cyril Russel
NationalityAustralia
Born7 January 1944
Maryborough, Queensland

Eric Cyril Russell, MBE[1] (born 7 January 1944)[2] is an Australian Paralympic athlete, coach, and administrator.

Personal[edit]

Russell was born on 7 January 1944 in the Queensland city of Maryborough.[2][3][4] After leaving school, he served an apprenticeship as a boilermaker.[3] He played professional rugby league in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, and while there, he sustained a spinal cord injury in a car crash.[3] Russell spent 16 days in hospital in Papua New Guinea.[4] He was then flown to Brisbane, where he underwent rehabilitation for three months, and was inspired to take up sport by athletes training at the spinal injury unit.[3][4] He has been married to Paralympic athlete and powerlifter Julie Russell since 1979.[3] The pair met in 1977 for the first time when Eric came to Adelaide for the first National Basketball Titles.[4] Eric and Julie were then introduced officially in 1978 at the Regional Games in Broken Hill.[4]

He has been a member of Rotary International since 1985, first joining the Rotary Club of Adelaide, South Australia, and then moving to Adelaide Parks, where he later served as president in 1989. He was the 2011–12 District Governor of District 9500,[3] which covers parts of the Northern Territory (including Alice Springs) and South Australia (including Adelaide).[3][5]

Competitive career[edit]

Eric Russell with Ludwig Guttman at the 1976 Paralympic Toronto Paralympics

Russell's career began in 1972 when he participated in a shot put trial for the National Games that were to be competed in Sydney later that year. He was selected for the Games where he finished with two bronze and one silver medal.[4] He represented Australia at the 1974 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games in Dunedin, New Zealand.[2][6]

At the 1976 Toronto Games, he won three gold medals in the Men's Discus 3, Men's Pentathlon 3 and Men's Shot Put 3 events and a silver medal in the Men's Javelin 3 event;[7] he was also part of the Australia men's national wheelchair basketball team at the games.[8] Despite setting a world record in the discus, he rejected the gold medal for that event because of politics being injected into the Games; several national teams had boycotted the competition due to the presence of the South African Paralympic team during the apartheid era, at a time when many sports teams from that country were banned from international competition. Russell said: "We have enough of a common bond in our disabilities without governments bringing politics into it".[9][10] Following his protest, Russell was ordered to attend a meeting with Kevin Betts and Ludwig Guttmann where he left the meeting in frustration as a result of his issue with the politics associated with the Games. A press conference was then held the next morning where Russell was awarded a medal for the excellence of his protest which he later returned to the lawn bowler from whom it was taken.[4]

At the 1980 Arnhem Games, he won a gold medal in the Men's Shot Put 3 event and two bronze medals in the Men's Discus 3 and Men's Pentathlon 3 events.[7] At the 1992 Barcelona Games, he came seventh in the Men's Javelin THW6 event.[11] Going into the 1992 Games, he had won 26 gold medals at 16 events.[12]

Sport administration[edit]

Russell has served in several positions in disabled athletics including as a coach, sport administrator, and sport event director. He was the International Chairman of Athletics at the International Paralympic Committee from 1978 to 1988.[2] After realising that he had achieved all of his initial goals, Russell resigned from his position as Chairman of Athletics in 1988.[4] He also serves as an international Paralympic classifier in athletics.[13] Russell was the inaugural Representative for the South-Pacific Region on the International Paralympic Committee. He resigned from this role in 1993 because of the politics within the sport.[4]

Recognition[edit]

Russell became a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1981 for service to "handicapped sport".[1] In that year, he received an Advance Australia Award.[3] In 2007, he was made a life member of the Wheelchair Sports Association of South Australia.[3] The Eric Russell Male Athlete of the Meet Award, issued by the Sporting Wheelies and Disabled Association, is named in Russell's honour; he was the first coordinator and later a state administrator of the organisation.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Russell, Eric Cyril". It's an Honour. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "Eric Russell (mbe) – 'do what you have to do to do what you want to do'" (PDF). No Limits!. Adelaide, South Australia: Wheelchair Sports South Australia. August 2008. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "DGE Eric Russell & Julie". Rotary District 9500. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Eric Russell and Julie Russell interviewed by Rob Linn in the Australian Centre for Paralympic Studies oral history project". National Library of Australia. 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Club Directory". Rotary Down Under. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  6. ^ Bailey, Steve (26 February 2008). Athlete first: a history of the paralympic movement. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-0-470-05824-4. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Athlete Search Results". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  8. ^ Labanowich, Stan; Thiboutot, Armand. "Team Rosters:Paralympic Games (Men) 1960–1980" (PDF). Wheelchairs Can Jump. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Paraplegic defects in Toronto". The Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. 7 August 1976. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  10. ^ Bradburn, Jamie (7 June 2014). "Historicist: Torontolympiad '76". Torontoist. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  11. ^ "Men's Javelin THW6 Results". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  12. ^ Barcelona Paralympics 1992 : Australian team members profile handbook. Glebe, New South Wales: Australian Paralympic Federation. 1992. 20779.
  13. ^ "Arafura Games Growing" (PDF). No Limits!. Adelaide, South Australia: Wheelchair Sports South Australia. July 2009. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  14. ^ "2011 Queensland Underage AWD Athletics Championships: Results Booklet" (PDF). Sporting Wheelies and Disabled Association. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.[permanent dead link]