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|Born||Ray Dean Thrasher
19 June 1967
Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada
Schweig was born in Inuvik, Northwest Territories. He is of mixed race (Inuvialuk, Chippewa, Dene, German, Portuguese). He is the oldest of seven children, who were all adopted out as part of the Canadian government's failed attempt at assimilating Inuit and First Nations children into Caucasian society. Schweig's biological mother died of alcoholism in 1989. He never met her. "She didn’t drink a drop of alcohol until we were taken away," says Schweig. "We were part of the whole assimilation program—forcibly taken away, although my adoptive parents told me I wasn't." Schweig was adopted at birth by an English speaking German-French family. He spent his childhood in Inuvik until he was six, when his family moved to Bermuda. They later moved back to Canada.
"I eventually grew tired of living in a prison without walls and ran away when I was 16. What transpired between then and now has been a roller coaster of alcohol, drugs, violence, failed relationships, despair and confusion. Who am I? Where do I come from? Where is my family? Where do I belong? When life's mystery has been shattered by strangers watching over you, a lot of these questions are lost." 
Schweig ran away to Toronto, Ontario, where he supported himself by framing houses. In 1985, he was part of the cast of The Cradle Will Fall, an experimental adaptation of Frank Wedekind's Spring Awakening produced by Theatre of Change at the Actor's Lab; this was his first experience as an actor. In 1987, at twenty years old, he was approached by a producer who suggested he audition for a role in the movie called The Shaman's Source (1990). With little formal education or experience he won the role. The film launched his career in the film industry.
Schweig's numerous screen credits (over thirty) include his portrayal of Uncas in the epic motion picture The Last of the Mohicans (1992) and Pike Dexter in the movie Big Eden (2000), for which he won the Grand Jury Prize at the Outfest film festival. In 1992, he was cast as Black Thunder in the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation mini-series By Way of the Stars. He starred in Disney's The Scarlet Letter and Tom and Huck with Amy Wright in 1995.
Among his period film credits since The Last of the Mohicans, Eric became the famous Mohawk leader Joseph Brant/Thayendanegea for TNT's telefilm The Broken Chain (1993), playing for the first time the main character in a movie (Schweig met Wes Studi again for this motion picture). It was shot primarily in North Carolina.
More recently, Eric Schweig has played the lead role in films addressing more contemporary issues facing aboriginal and Native American people: Skins (2002), Cowboys and Indians: The J.J. Harper Story (2003) and One Dead Indian (2006).
During the 1990s, Schweig began carving masks as a natural extension of his artistic expression. Since his childhood, Eric found he was emotionally pre-disposed to carving small objects out of wood (figures, kayak, etc.). Under the tutelage of artist Vern Etzerza, he studied traditional Pacific Coast carving before directing his talent specifically towards custom and traditional Inuit Spirit Masks, in collaboration with master carver Art Thompson.
His collection of masks are not only successful attempts to reconnect with his heritage and with Inuit art, but his carvings are also necessary labours of psychological resilience facing a traumatized childhood. As a disastrous consequence of this uprooting and abuse, Schweig struggled for many years with alcohol abuse. He has stated that Big Eden (2000) was the first movie in which he was entirely sober.
His fame as an actor gives him the opportunity to share his life's experience in numerous speaking engagements in Canada and the United States of America. He is able to make large audiences aware of aboriginal issues, including adoption, the foster care system, addictions, and suicide.
In 1993, he came in 5th on People Magazine's 50 Most Beautiful People list.
|1990||The Shaman's Source||Robert Crow|
|1992||By Way of the Stars (TV mini-series)||Black Thunder|
|The Last of the Mohicans||Uncas|
|1993||For Love and Glory (TV)||Moses Moon|
|The Broken Chain (TV)||Joseph Brant / Thayendanegea|
|1994||Due South (Pilot)||Inuit Hunter|
|Squanto: A Warrior's Tale||Epenow|
|Pontiac Moon||Ernest Ironplume|
|1995||500 Nations (TV)||(voice)|
|Follow the River (TV)||Wildcat|
|The Scarlet Letter||Metacomet|
|Tom and Huck||Injun Joe|
|1996||Red River (TV)||Napoléon|
|Dead Man's Walk (TV)||Buffalo Hump|
|2000||Big Eden||Pike Dexter|
|2002||Skins||Rudy Yellow Lodge|
|Cowboys and Indians: The John Joseph Harper Story (TV)||Harry Wood|
|The Missing||Pesh-Chidin a.k.a. El Brujo|
|2005||Into the West||Sitting Bull|
|It Waits||Joseph Riverwind|
|Shania: A Life in Eight Albums (TV)||Jerry Twain|
|2006||One Dead Indian (TV)||Sam George|
|Indian Summer: The Oka Crisis (TV)||Terry Doxtator|
|Not Like Everyone Else||Tim Blackbear|
|Mr. Soul||Steve Lonethunder|
|2007||Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee||Gall|
|2009||Cashing In (TV series)||Mathew Tommy|
|Kissed by Lightning||Solomon "Bug" King|
|2010||A Flesh Offering||Mishomis|
|Casino Jack||Chief Poncho|
|Longmire||Dolan Lone Elk|
2000 : Grand Jury Award L.A. Outfest
Outstanding Actor in a Feature Film for Big Eden
Eric was also honoured on 9 June 2008, with an Honorary Doctorate of Education from Nipissing University, one of Canada's most highly regarded faculties of education.