Eric Whitacre

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Eric Whitacre
Ewcolor cropped.jpg
Whitacre conducting in 2007
Born (1970-01-02) January 2, 1970 (age 49)
Reno, Nevada, United States
Alma materUniversity of Nevada, Las Vegas
Juilliard School
OccupationComposer, conductor, speaker
Spouse(s)
Hila Plitmann
(m. 1998; div. 2017)
Laurence Servaes (m. 2019–present)
Websiteericwhitacre.com

Eric Edward Whitacre (born January 2, 1970) is an American composer and conductor, and speaker, known for his choral, orchestral and wind ensemble music. In March 2016, he was appointed as Los Angeles Master Chorale's first artist-in-residence at the Walt Disney Concert Hall.

Early life[edit]

Whitacre was born in Reno, Nevada, to Ross and Roxanne Whitacre. He studied piano intermittently as a child and joined a junior high marching band under band leader Jim Burnett. Later Whitacre played synthesizer in a techno-pop band, dreaming of being a rock star.[1][2] Though he was unable to read music at the time, Whitacre began his full musical training while an undergraduate at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, eventually taking a BM in Music Composition.[1]

Career[edit]

Whitacre states that the first work that he sang, Mozart's Requiem, changed his life.[1] He studied composition with Ukrainian composer Virko Baley and choral conducting with David Weiller, completing his BM in Music in 1995. Whitacre credits Weiller with the inspiration that put the young composer on the musical path.[2] At 21, he wrote his setting of "Go, Lovely Rose" for his college choir and presented the composition as a gift to David Weiller. Whitacre went on to earn his master's degree in composition at the Juilliard School, where he studied with John Corigliano and David Diamond.[2][3] At the age of 23 he completed his first piece for Wind Orchestra, "Ghost Train", which has now been recorded over 40 times. Tom Leslie contributed to his interest in writing for wind ensembles.[2] While at Juilliard he met his future wife, soprano Hila Plitmann, and two of his closest friends, composers Steven Bryant and Jonathan Newman. He lived in the state of Nevada until he was 25. He graduated in 1997 and moved to Los Angeles and following the success of "Ghost Train", he decided to become a full-time professional composer.[1][2]

Whitacre's first album as both composer and conductor on Decca/Universal, Light & Gold,[4] won a Grammy Award in 2012, and became the No. 1 classical album in the US and UK charts within a week of release.[5][6][7] Whitacre's second album, Water Night, was released on Decca in April 2012 and featured performances from his professional choir the Eric Whitacre Singers, the London Symphony Orchestra, Julian Lloyd Webber and Hila Plitmann.

Whitacre has written for the London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, the Los Angeles Master Chorale, Chanticleer, Julian Lloyd Webber and the Philharmonia Orchestra, the Tallis Scholars, the King's Singers, Dallas Winds, the Berlin Rundfunkchor and the Minnesota Orchestra, among others. His musical, Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings,[8] won both the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers Harold Arlen award and the Richard Rodgers Award, and earned 10 nominations at the Los Angeles Stage Alliance Ovation Awards. Whitacre also worked with film composer Hans Zimmer, co-writing the Mermaid Theme for Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides and collaborating on Batman vs Superman: Dawn of Justice. In 2011, he conducted the winning entries of the Abbey Road 80th Anniversary Anthem Competition, recording the London Symphony Orchestra and the Eric Whitacre Singers, in the Abbey Road Studio 1. Whitacre's Soaring Leap initiative is a dynamic one-day workshop where singers, conductors, and composers read, rehearse and perform several of his works.[9]

From October to December 2010, Whitacre was a visiting Fellow at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, during Michaelmas (Autumn) Term.[10][11] He composed a piece for the Choir of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge and worked with students in masterclasses and workshops. From 2011 to 2016, he was Composer in Residence at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University.[12] In 2016, Whitacre was appointed artist in residence with the Los Angeles Master Chorale. In July 2017, he co-presented the Eurovision Choir of the Year.[13]

Personal life[edit]

From 1998 to 2017, Whitacre was married to Israeli singer Hila Plitmann.[14][15]

Whitacre married Belgian opera singer Laurence Servaes in Maui, Hawaii, in March 2019.[16]

Style[edit]

A trademark of Whitacre's pieces is the use of aleatoric and indeterminate sections, as well as unusual score instructions involving, in some cases, hand actions or props.[17] His work has been described as the "sort of music Vaughan Williams might have composed in the Cambridge branch of Dunkin' Donuts".[18]

Whitacre's style, similar to Morten Lauridsen's, has been described as "neo-impressionistic".[19][20]

Projects[edit]

Virtual Choir[edit]

Whitacre's Virtual Choir projects were inspired by a video sent to him of a young girl named Britlin Losee[21][22] from Long Island, New York, singing one of his choral pieces.[23] He began with a test run of Sleep, then Lux Aurumque in 2009[24][25] and then Sleep again in 2010. Whitacre's Virtual Choir performance of Lux Aurumque, has received 4.8 million views (as of August 2015), featuring 185 singers from 12 countries.[24]

Whitacre's Virtual Choir 2.0, was released in April 2011 and involved over 2,000 voices from 58 countries.[26] Virtual Choir 3, Water Night, written in 1995, combined 3,746 submissions from 73 countries and was released in April 2012.[27][28] By the entry close date of February 1, 2012, 3,746 videos had been uploaded by 2,945 people in 73 countries, singing one or more parts of "Water Night". On April 15, the 100-year anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic, the "Water Night" Virtual Choir video was shown in the new Titanic Belfast commemorative building.

Virtual Choir 4, "Fly to Paradise," contains 8,409 videos from 5,905 people from 101 different countries. It launched at the Coronation Festival at Buckingham Palace/BBC1 on July 11, 2013.

The Virtual Youth Choir, in association with UNICEF, launched at the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony. It featured 2,292 singers aged 18 and under from over 80 countries.[29][better source needed]

On May 4, 2018, Whitacre announced that Virtual Choir 5 would be his 2015 piece Deep Field. Other Virtual Choir projects include 'Glow' written for the Winter Dreams holiday show at Disneyland© Adventure Park, California. To date, the Virtual Choirs have registered over 60 million views.[30]

Deep Field[edit]

"Deep Field: The Impossible Magnitude of the Universe" is a 4k film for IMAX, cinema, projection in concert with live orchestra and for screenings at arts and science events. It is an audiovisual collaboration between Eric Whitacre, NASA, the Space Telescope Science Institute, Music Productions and 59 Productions. It premiered at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) in 2018 and has since been at Smithsonian Air & Space Museum, Dolby Theatre, the World Science Festival, Griffith Observatory, the American Astronomical Society Annual Meeting and in concert halls. The film is part of several STEAM education programmes in North America, Europe and elsewhere.[31]

The film is inspired by the Hubble Space Telescope, and its greatest discovery, the Deep Field image. The soundtrack composed by Whitacre features the Virtual Choir 5, representing 120 countries: over 8,000 voices aged four to 87, alongside the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and Eric Whitacre Singers.[32]

Eric Whitacre Singers[edit]

The choir performs music from the Renaissance through to the current day, including Lauridsen, Britten, and the work of their founder and conductor. The Eric Whitacre Singers made their BBC Proms debut in 2012 in a programme that included a collaboration with singer/songwriter Imogen Heap. The choir also sang at the Templeton Prize Laureate Ceremony for Archbishop Desmond Tutu alongside Annie Lennox, and the London African Gospel Choir. They work regularly with British soul artist Laura Mvula, and featured at the iTunes Festival, broadcast to 119 countries, performing with Hans Zimmer, and at an experiential installation for Anya Hindmarch CBE in 2018.[33]

Recording projects[edit]

Whitacre's first album with Decca, Light & Gold, was released in October 2010. This album won the Grammy for Best Choral Performance in 2012.[34] Whitacre's second album with Decca, Water Night, was released in April 2012 in the United States.[35][third-party source needed]

Since 2013, Whitacre has been releasing on his own independent label UNQUIET established as a joint venture with his managers at Music Productions. Feature releases on UNQUIET include Deep Field, Goodnight Moon and a 10 inch gatefold vinyl featuring Whitacre's choral cover of Trent Reznor’s "Hurt" and his setting of e.e. cummings' "i carry your heart".

Performance projects[edit]

Whitacre, 2009

On October 24, 2010, he conducted an all-American program with the London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus at the Barbican London in a performance that featured his commission for the London Symphony Chorus entitled Songs of Immortality. On November 28, 2010, he sat on the panel of judges for the final episode of Choir of the Year, broadcast on BBC Four and BBC Radio 3.[citation needed] In December 2010, Whitacre conducted the I Vocalisti choir in Hamburg, and was a guest conductor of the Christmas performance of the Berlin Rundfunkchor. In November 2010, Whitacre conducted Côrdydd, a Cardiff-based mixed choir, and friends in a concert of his work at the BBC Hoddinott Hall in the Wales Millennium Centre. He continues to develop his musical Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings. A concert version was given at Carnegie Hall in 2010.[36] Plans for the stage show and soundtrack extend into 2013.

Whitacre is a founding member of BCM International, a quartet of composers consisting of himself, Steven Bryant, Jonathan Newman and James Bonney, which aspires to "enrich the wind ensemble repertoire with music unbound by traditional thought or idiomatic cliché."[37] Whitacre made his BBC Proms debut with a late night Prom in 2012. In 2015, he returned to the Proms to conduct a program of all-American music with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, BBC Singers and BBC Chorus.[38] In 2015, Whitacre wrote Deep Field for orchestra, chorus, and mobile app; the piece was inspired by the Hubble Deep Field images and audience members play electronica from their smartphone apps.[39]

In June 2014, Whitacre gave a live webcast from the Kennedy Center and subsequently conducted a massed choir of 400 singers on the Mall, Washington D.C., to mark Flag Day and the bicentenary of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[40]

The Sacred Veil[edit]

Composed in 2018, The Sacred Veil is a new 12-movement work from Whitacre and poet/lyricist Charles Anthony Silvestri. Silvestri's wife, Julie, died of ovarian cancer at age 36 in 2005, leaving two young children. His texts (written collaboratively with Whitacre) and the score tell a story of courtship, love, loss and the search for solace[41]. The LA Times described the work as 'memorably [celebrating] the precarious beauty of life, offering the welcome consolation of art and a momentary stay against our collective fate'[42]. The work was premiered at Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, in February 2019.[1]

Awards and honors[edit]

Whitacre has won awards from the Barlow international composition competition, American Choral Directors Association, American Composers Forum and in 2001 became the recipient of The Raymond W. Brock Commission given by the American Choral Directors Association.[43] His musical Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings earned him a Richard Rodgers Award and received 10 nominations at the 2007 Los Angeles Stage Alliance Ovation Awards. The album Cloudburst and Other Choral Works received a Grammy nomination in 2007 for Best Choral Performance. Later, his album "Light & Gold" won a Grammy for Best Choral Performance in 2012.[44]

Works[edit]

Wind symphony[edit]

SATB choral[edit]

  • A Boy and a Girl (poem by Octavio Paz)
  • Alleluia (adapted from his October)
  • Animal Crackers Volume 1
  • Animal Crackers Volume 2
  • Cloudburst (poem by Octavio Paz)
  • Enjoy the Silence (arrangement of Martin Gore / Depeche Mode song of same name)
  • Fly to Paradise (Virtual Choir 4)
  • Glow (Commissioned by Disneyland for World of Color Winter Dreams; Lyrics by Edward Esch)
  • Her Sacred Spirit Soars (poem by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Higher, Faster, Stronger (written for the BBC Proms in 2012)[45]
  • Hurt (poem by Trent Reznor, not yet published)
  • i carry your heart (poem by E. E. Cummings)
  • Little Birds
  • Little Tree
  • Lux Aurumque (poem by Edward Esch; translated into Latin by Charles Anthony Silvestri) (also set for male chorus)
  • Lux Nova (text by Edward Esch; translated into Latin by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Nox Aurumque (poem by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Oculi Omnium
  • Psalm 137: By the Waters of Babylon (written originally for The Choir of Sidney Sussex, Cambridge and Dr. David Skinner, not yet published)[46]
  • Sainte-Chapelle (commissioned by the Tallis Scholars to commemorate their 40th anniversary)[47]
  • The Seal Lullaby (poem by Rudyard Kipling)
  • She Weeps Over Rahoon (poem by James Joyce)
  • Sleep (originally a setting of Robert Frost's poem, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"; for copyright reasons[48] the published version uses a specially-written text by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Sleep, My Child (Choral transcription from Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings, also written for Concert Band)
  • Songs of Immortality
    1. Lie still, sleep becalmed (text by Dylan Thomas)
    2. Do not go gentle into that good night (text by Dylan Thomas)
    3. After great pain (text by Emily Dickinson)
  • The Boy Who Laughed at Santa Claus (for SATB chorus, Children's chorus and piano, text by Ogden Nash)
  • The Chelsea Carol (commissioned by the Choirs of Birmingham-Southern College and Lester Seigel, text by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • The City and the Sea (setting of five poems by e.e. cummings)
    1. i walked the boulevard
    2. the moon is hiding in her hair
    3. maggie and milly and molly and may
    4. as is the sea marvelous
    5. little man in a hurry
  • The Sacred Veil (lyrics by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • The Star-Spangled Banner (text by Francis Scott Key)
  • The Stolen Child (for SATB choir & six solo voices or chamber choir, joint commission by the National Youth Choir of Great Britain and the King's Singers)[49]
  • This Marriage
  • Three Flower Songs
    1. I Hide Myself (poem by Emily Dickinson)
    2. With a Lily in Your Hand (poem by Federico García Lorca)
    3. Go, Lovely Rose (poem by Edmund Waller)
  • Three Songs of Faith (poems by E. E. Cummings)
    1. i will wade out
    2. hope, faith, life, love
    3. i thank You God for most this amazing day[50]
  • Very Soon
  • Water Night (poem by Octavio Paz; translated by Muriel Rukeyser)
  • When David Heard

Other choral works[edit]

  • Alone (poem by Edgar Allan Poe, for male voice sextet)
  • Leonardo Dreams of His Flying Machine (poem by Charles Anthony Silvestri, for SSATB & percussion)

Orchestral[edit]

Music theatre[edit]

Other arrangements[edit]

  • Five Hebrew Love Songs; for soprano voice, solo violin, piano
  • Goodnight Moon; for soprano voice and string orchestra

Film and television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hyperion Records profile
  2. ^ a b c d e Composers On Composing For Band, Volume 2. Ed. Mark Camphouse, GIA Publications, 2004, ISBN 9781579993856 pp. 253–262
  3. ^ Audio interview with Whitacre – BBC June 29, 2008 Accessed July 14, 2010
  4. ^ Light & Gold, ericwhitacre.com
  5. ^ About, ericwhitacre.com
  6. ^ "Classical Albums Charts". Billboard. 6 November 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Official Specialist Classical Chart Top 20". Official Charts. 30 October 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  8. ^ Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings, ericwhitacre.com
  9. ^ Soaring Leap, ericwhitacre.com
  10. ^ http://ericwhitacre.com/wp-content/uploads/Light-and-Gold_Oct-2010_Launch-Release.pdf
  11. ^ "Eric Whitacre conducts Sidney Choir in new setting of College grace". Sidney Sussex College. 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Eric Whitacre appointed as Composer in Residence". Sidney Sussex College. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  13. ^ ""Choral Eurovision" is coming to Latvia". LSM. eng.lsm.lv. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Hila Plitmann: 'The Ancient Question'" by Judith Malafronte, Opera News, vol. 76, no. 12, June 2012
  15. ^ Whitacre, Eric vs Plitmann, Hila, Los Angeles County Superior Courts, May 12, 2017 – September 1, 2018, via unicourt.com[failed verification]
  16. ^ "I married the love of my life @laurence_servaes. Altijd bloemen mijn vrouw!". Eric Whitacre. 2019-03-24. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  17. ^ Shrock, Dennis (March 2009). Choral Repertoire. Oxford University Press (USA). p. 761. ISBN 978-0-19-532778-6.
  18. ^ Allison, John (August 10, 2015). "Prom 32: Eric Whitacre, review: 'overstayed its welcome'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  19. ^ Angela Hall: Added-Tone Sonorities in the Choral Music of Eric Whitacre, St. Louis 2012.
  20. ^ Shane M. Lynch: Music Historiography and Useful Style Histories: The Case for the Evolving Era of Neo-Impressionism and its Influence on American Choral Music of the Late Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries, Washington 2008.
  21. ^ Sleep – Eric Whitacre – Message and Singing from Britlin on YouTube
  22. ^ "They've Never Met, But 2,051 Singers Perform Together" by Jeff Lunden, NPR, April 6, 2011
  23. ^ Introduction to the Virtual Choir on YouTube
  24. ^ a b Lux Aurumque on YouTube
  25. ^ Niccum, Jon (April 9, 2010). "Net Worth: Viral choral video traces roots to Lawrence encounter". LJWorld. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  26. ^ Sleep on YouTube
  27. ^ Water Night on YouTube
  28. ^ Virtual Choir, ericwhitacre.com
  29. ^ "Virtual Youth Choir". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  30. ^ "Biography (Long)". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  31. ^ MPadmin. "Eric Whitacre". Music Productions. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  32. ^ "Deep Field: The Impossible Magnitude of our Universe". Deep Field. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  33. ^ MPadmin. "Eric Whitacre Singers". Music Productions. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  34. ^ Chorus America. "Eric Whitacre Wins Grammy's "Best Choral Performance"". Light and Gold. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  35. ^ "Help! – Blog – Eric Whitacre". EricWhitacre.com. July 30, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
  36. ^ Smith, Steve (June 16, 2010). "A Juggernaut Rolls Into Carnegie, Chorus in Tow". The New York Times. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  37. ^ BCM International
  38. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/evxwhn
  39. ^ "Deep Field: The Impossible Magnitude of our Universe". Deep Field. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  40. ^ "Biography (Long)". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  41. ^ "The Sacred Veil". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  42. ^ Schultz, Rick. "Cancer, chemo and The Sacred Veil: Master Chorale sings a search for solace". latimes.com. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Retrieved March 2016
  44. ^ "54th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees And Winners". GRAMMY.com. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
  45. ^ "Higher, Faster, Stronger". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  46. ^ "Psalm 137: By the Waters of Babylon". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  47. ^ "Sainte-Chapelle". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  48. ^ Whitacre's own foreword to Sleep, Walton Music, 2002
  49. ^ "The Stolen Child". Eric Whitacre. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  50. ^ full text of i thank You God for most this amazing day.
  51. ^ "Eric & Eric Whitacre Singers perform on How To Train Your Dragon 3 Soundtrack". Eric Whitacre. 2018-11-01. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  52. ^ "Eric Whitacre". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  53. ^ "Eric Whitacre". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  54. ^ "Eric Whitacre". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  55. ^ The Great American Songs, retrieved 2019-07-15
  56. ^ Enjoy the Silence, retrieved 2019-07-15

External links[edit]