Erigavo

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Erigavo
Ceerigaabo
عيرجابو
City
Overview of Erigavo
Overview of Erigavo
Erigavo is located in Somaliland
Erigavo
Erigavo
Somaliland
Coordinates: 10°37′05″N 047°22′12″E / 10.61806°N 47.37000°E / 10.61806; 47.37000Coordinates: 10°37′05″N 047°22′12″E / 10.61806°N 47.37000°E / 10.61806; 47.37000
Country  Somaliland
Region Sanaag
District Erigavo
Population
 • Total 190,000
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Erigavo (Somali: Ceerigaabo), also spelled as Erigabo, the capital of the northwestern Sanaag region of Somaliland. [1]

History[edit]

Pathway in old Erigavo.

The Erigavo settlement is several centuries old. It lies approximately 180 km from Badhan the second biggest city in the region to the east, The general area is noted for its numerous historical tombs, where various Somali clan patriarchs are buried.[2]

As of 2013, Erigavo is the administrative capital of the northern Sanaag region. It is also the center of the Erigavo District.

Geography[edit]

Environment[edit]

10 km (6 m) to the north of the town are the remains of a juniper forest,[3] running along the edge of the escarpment overlooking the Gulf of Aden. The escarpment is approximately 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level, where the road from Erigavo drops down to the coast. 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west, it rises to the highest point in Somaliland, Shimbiris. A popular local attraction, the summit sits at an elevation of about 2670 m above sea level. A road also leads up from Erigavo to Mountain Daallo. At the mountain's peak, the sea can be observed in addition to the ancient town of Hiis situated nearby.

Erigavo is also home to animal and plant species. Wildlife endemic to the area include the black-backed jackal, Dorcas gazelle, hamadryas baboon, Suidae, common dwarf mongoose, Abdim's stork, long-crested eagle and hartebeest.

.

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Erigavo features a mild version of the semi-arid climate. The city generally sees equable temperatures year round, with some of the mildest weather in all of Somaliland. Despite its location in the tropics, due to the high altitude, temperatures rarely exceed 30 degrees Celsius. Nights are frequently chilly, even during the summer season. This is a trait shared with very few places in the world; notable locations with similar climate are Sana'a in Yemen or Arequipa in Peru. The city receives on average under 400 mm of precipitation annually. Average monthly temperatures range from 14.3 C in the month of December to 19.7 C in the month of July. Absolute minimum temperatures sometimes touch or cross zero degrees Celsius isotherm.

Climate data for Erigavo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
33.5
(92.3)
32.0
(89.6)
33.5
(92.3)
31.5
(88.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.0
(86)
30.0
(86)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
28.0
(82.4)
33.5
(92.3)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
25.5
(77.9)
25.0
(77)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
25.5
(77.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
18.0
(64.4)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.5
(67.1)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
16.5
(61.7)
15.5
(59.9)
14.5
(58.1)
17.5
(63.5)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.0
(44.6)
8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50)
11.5
(52.7)
13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
13.5
(56.3)
11.5
(52.7)
8.5
(47.3)
7.0
(44.6)
5.5
(41.9)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
0.5
(32.9)
0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
1.5
(34.7)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41)
4.5
(40.1)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
13
(0.51)
33
(1.3)
38
(1.5)
81
(3.19)
64
(2.52)
10
(0.39)
41
(1.61)
114
(4.49)
8
(0.31)
13
(0.51)
2
(0.08)
435
(17.13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 3 6 5 8 9 1 5 15 1 2 0 56
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 34 35 42 56 51 48 43 49 55 43 34 37 44
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[4]

Demographics[edit]

Erigavo has a population of around 41,000 inhabitants.[5] The broader Erigavo District has a total population of 114,846 residents.[6]

The city is primarily inhabited by the Habar Yoonis and Habar Jeclo clans of the Isaaq clan family. [7]

Several minority clans such as the Dhulbahante, Warsangeli, Gahayle, Ugayslabe and Magadle are also present in the city.[8]

Education[edit]

Higher learning in Erigavo is provided by East Africa University (EAU), which has one of its six branches in the city.[9] The Sanaag University also offers tertiary courses and degrees.And Gollis university has a branch.And also many colleges. Queen of Sheba University offers women in Sanaag free degree courses and a limited number of places worldwide in distance mode.

Administration[edit]

Town affairs are managed by the mayor of Erigavo, as appointed by Somaliland. Taxes are levied and collected by the local town council as of 1999. [10]

Services[edit]

As of 2009, Erigavo has two hospitals serving residents, with another being constructed. The Erigavo Airport also lies to the east of the town. Additionally, the city is the seat of a few local non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Erigavo has a modern telephone system, with widespread access to landline and mobile services. The main mobile communication services in the city are operated by the Puntland-based Golis Telecom, as well as Telcom and Telesom. STC Somaliland, another major local telecommunications company, manages electricity and telephone landlines only.

Additionally, the city is home to a Boy Scouts organization. Formed in 2005 by the local Sanaag administration, the Scouts partake in various activities, including a 2006 training program on governance, peace and leadership.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Renders, Marleen (2012-01-20). Consider Somaliland: State-Building with Traditional Leaders and Institutions. BRILL. ISBN 9789004222540. 
  2. ^ A.H. Keane, Man, Past and Present, (Cambridge University Press: 1920), p.485.
  3. ^ "Somali montane xeric woodlands". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. 
  4. ^ "Klimatafel von Erigavo / Somalia" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Somalia City & Town Population. Tageo.com. Retrieved on 2011-12-15.
  6. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Danish Immigration Service, Report on the Fact-finding Mission to Somalia and Kenya (27 October - 7 November 1997) , 1 July 1998, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6a5bf0.html [accessed 15 March 2017]
  8. ^ assessment "Erigavo - Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention (OCVP)" Check |url= value (help). OCVP. Retrieved 14 February 2015. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "A programme for improving governance, leadership and management capacity of the three health authorities in Somalia". Mannion Daniels Limited. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Renders, Marleen (2012-01-20). Consider Somaliland: State-Building with Traditional Leaders and Institutions. BRILL. ISBN 9789004222540. 
  11. ^ Erigavo’s Students Trained In Leadership

References[edit]