Erigeron karvinskianus

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Erigeron karvinskianus
Erigeron karvinskianus - blossom top (aka).jpg
Scientific classification
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E. karvinskianus
Binomial name
Erigeron karvinskianus
Synonyms[1][2]

Erigeron karvinskianus is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae known by the common names Mexican fleabane,[3] Latin American fleabane,[4] Santa Barbara daisy, Spanish daisy, Karwinsky’s fleabane,[5] or bony-tip fleabane.[6]

Erigeron karvinskianus is native to much of Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela.[7][8][9] and is naturalized in many other places,[10] including parts of Africa and Europe,[11] Australia,[6] Hong Kong,[12] Chile and the west coast of the United States.[13]

Erigeron karvinskianus is a vigorous, spreading perennial plant growing from woody rhizomes to a maximum height of 15 cm (8 inches). Its leaves are located along the stem, the basal leaves dying off as the plant bolts. They are sometimes slightly toothed or lobed near the tips. The inflorescences hold one or more flower heads which are each about 1 cm (0.4 inches) wide. They have golden yellow disc florets in the center surrounded by a fringe of up to 80 white to pinkish ray florets.[5]

Erigeron karvinskianus is also cultivated for its daisy-like blooms, and is often confused with the closely related true daisy Bellis. It is frequently grown in crevices in walls or paving,[14] where it rapidly spreads to provide a carpet of flowers.[15] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[16][17] It was used to colonise the concrete terraces of the football stadium (Estadio Azteca) built in Mexico City for the 1970 World Cup.[14]

Taxonomy[edit]

Erigeron karvinskianus was first described in 1836 by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle.[18] The specific epithet refers to Wilhelm Friedrich Karwinski von Karwin,[19] who collected the plant in Mexico according to de Candolle.[18]

Gallery[edit]

Flower
Flowers
Leaves

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Erigeron karvinskianus DC.
  2. ^ Tropicos, Erigeron karvinskianus DC.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ Calflora taxon report, University of California, Erigeron karvinskianus DC., Latin American fleabane
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America, Erigeron karvinskianus de Candolle. 1836. Karwinsky’s fleabane
  6. ^ a b Atlas of Living Australia, Erigeron karvinskianus DC., Bony-tip Fleabane
  7. ^ Solbrig, O. T. 1962. The South American species of Erigeron. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 191: 3–79
  8. ^ García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. A. Meave. 2011. Diversidad Florística de Oaxaca: de Musgos a Angispermas 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria
  9. ^ Nesom, G.L. and J.F. Pruski. 2011. Resurrected species of Erigeron (Asteraceae: Astereae) from Central America.Phytoneuron 2011-36: 1–10.
  10. ^ CABI, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International, Invasive Species Compendium, Erigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)
  11. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Cespica di von Karwinski auf Karwin, Erigeron karvinskianus de Candolle includes photos and European distribution map
  12. ^ Flora of China, Erigeron karvinskianus Candolle, 1836. 加勒比飞蓬 jia le bi fei peng
  13. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  14. ^ a b Klein, Carol (10 August 2002). "Build your own daisy wall". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  15. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  16. ^ "Erigeron karvinskianus AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  17. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 36. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  18. ^ a b de Candolle, Augustin Pyramus (1836). "Erigeron karvinskianum". Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis. p. 285. Retrieved 2014-02-11. (De Candolle used neuter endings for the specific epithets of Erigeron, but the word is masculine, being derived from the Ancient Greek word γέρων, geron, old man.)
  19. ^ Hyam, R. & Pankhurst, R.J. (1995). Plants and their names : a concise dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-19-866189-4.

External links[edit]