Erik Gnupsson

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Erik Gnupsson or Eiríkr Gnúpsson, also known as Henricus (late 11th to early 12th centuries), was born in Iceland. He became a clergyman and later was appointed the Bishop of Greenland, residing at Garðar. [1] He has been considered as the first bishop of America. He was appointed during the papacy of Pope Paschal II (1099-1118), nearly four centuries before Columbus' first voyage across the Atlantic. Gnupsson was given the province of Greenland and Vinland, the latter believed to refer to what is now Newfoundland.[2]

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  1. ^ Richard H. Clarke (1872): "Lives of the deceased bishops of the Catholic Church of the United States", vol.1, s. 16. Archive.org. 31 December 2014.
  2. ^ Historical Records and Studies, volume 12 (1918)