Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein

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Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein
Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein.jpg
Born (1749-10-25)25 October 1749
Loddby, Sweden
Died 9 May 1802(1802-05-09) (aged 52)
Poligny, Jura
Resting place Coppet, Switzerland
Spouse(s)
Parent(s) Baron Mathias Gustav Staël von Holstein
Family Staël von Holstein

Baron Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein, (25 October 1749 in Loddby, Sweden – 9 May 1802 in Poligny, Jura). Erik Magnus was Chamberlain to Queen Sophia Magdalena. In 1783 he was appointed chargé d'affaires to the Court of France, and in 1785 he was named Ambassador to France. On 21 January 1786 he married the daughter of the French Minister of Finance Jacques Necker, mademoiselle Anne Louise Germaine Necker, who was to achieve fame as "Madame de Staël".

Early Life[edit]

Erik Magnus was born on 25 October 1749 as the seventh child of Mathias Gustav Staël von Holstein, the scion of an ancient noble family from Holstein. Sweden gained control of Holstein during the 17th Century in the reign of Queen Christina.

As a young officer, Stael participated in the 1772 coup that brought Gustav III to power. For his services he was made a knight of the Order of the Sword and chamberlain to the Queen. He was later assigned to the Swedish embassy to France, serving under the Swedish ambassador Gustaf Philip Creutz. Staël's charming manners, good looks and affable disposition soon impressed Creutz and many members of the French court including Queen Marie Antoinette herself. [1]

Life and Marriage[edit]

Madame De Staël in 1812 by Vladimir Borovikovsky

After five years of negotiation between Staël, the King of Sweden, Marie Antoinette, and Jacques Necker, Staël agreed to marry Germaine. He obtained a dowry of 650,000 livres, was made permanent Swedish ambassador to the Court of Louis XVI and invested with the Order of the Polar Star.[2]

The marriage solved Staël’s financial problems (he was a prolific gambler) but was largely loveless - though not acrimonious. Baron and Madame de Staël pursued other love interests, and were often at odds over politics, but remained friendly to each other.[3] Staël remained ambassador to France through the early convulsions of the French Revolution. Staël had a stormy relationship with Gustav III and he often found himself caught between the interests of his politically active and liberal wife, the ever-changing government of Republican France and the counter-revolutionary position of the King of Sweden. Staël was dismissed as ambassador to France in 1795 by the young Gustav IV Adolf.[4] For the remainder of his life, Staël ran up enormous debts due to his gambling and relied financially on the Neckers.[5]

In early 1802 Staël fell ill. His wife invited him back to the Necker family retreat at Coppet, in the hopes he would recover. In the late spring of 1802, Baron Staël suffered a stroke on his way to Switzerland. Madame de Staël faithfully looked after him until he passed away on the night of 8 May 1802. Though they were never really close, his death greatly affected his wife and she had him buried at Coppet.[6]

Baron Staël was described by his wife and his contemporaries as a handsome man of polished manners, possessed of great wit and charm, kind-hearted, generous and cultured with a great knowledge of history, fine wines and politics. He was a consummate and talented diplomat that so greatly impressed future First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams, who accompanied her husband John Adams, then US minister plenipotentiary to France, that she described him in letters home as: "The Baron de Staël, the Swedish ambassador, comes nearest to that character, in his manners and personal appearance, of any gentleman I ever saw. The first time I saw him I was prejudiced in his favor, for his countenance commands your good opinion; it is animated, intelligent, sensible, affable and, without being perfectly beautiful, is perfectly agreeable; add to this a fine figure and who can fail in being charmed with the Baron de Staël?"[7] However, he could also be weak-willed and lacking in self-control.

Staël successfully negotiated the cession of Saint Barthélemy[8] to Sweden and skillfully navigated the troubled waters of the first years of the French Revolution. In his time he was acknowledged as a diplomat of great talent but ultimately he was destined to be overshadowed by the brilliance of his wife.

Children[edit]

  • Gustava Sofia Magdalena, born 1787, died in infancy
  • Gustava Hedvig, born 1789, died in infancy
  • Ludvig August, born on 1 September 1790. Died in France in 1827, therefore ending his line of the family. Married 1827 to Adèle Vernet. He was said to have been the biological son of the comte de Narbonne (1755-1813), himself the illegitimate son of King Louis XV.
  • Mattias Albert, born on 2 October 1792. Ensign in the Cavalry. Killed in a duel on the 12 July 1813 at Buchtenberg in Mecklenburg.
  • Hedvig Gustava Albertina, born 8 June 1797, died in Paris on 28 September 1838. Married on 20 February 1816 in Pisa to the French Foreign Minister Victor de Broglie. Her biological father may have been Benjamin Constant.

References[edit]

  • Herman Lindqvist, Gustavs Dagar, 1998, ISBN 91-1-964222-9
  • * Fairweather, Maria (2005). Madame De Staël. New York: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1339-9.
  1. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 52.
  2. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 56-57.
  3. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 270-272.
  4. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 246.
  5. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 272.
  6. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 276.
  7. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 63-64.
  8. ^ Fairweather 2005, p. 53.