Erik Molnár

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Erik Molnár
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary
In office
24 September 1947 – 5 August 1948
Preceded by Ernő Mihályfi
Succeeded by László Rajk
In office
14 November 1952 – 4 July 1953
Preceded by Károly Kiss
Succeeded by János Boldóczki
Personal details
Born (1894-12-16)16 December 1894
Újvidék (Novi Sad), Bács-Bodrog County, Austria-Hungary (today Serbia)
Died 8 August 1966(1966-08-08) (aged 71)
Budapest, People's Republic of Hungary
Political party MKP, MDP, MSZMP
Parents Aladár Molnár
Jolán Jeszenszky
Profession politician, economist, historian

Erik Molnár (16 December 1894 – 8 August 1966) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs twice: between 1947–1948 and between 1952–1953.


During the First World War he fought at the Eastern Front where captured by the Russians. As prisoner of war Molnár met with the communist ideas in a prisoner-of-war camp in Far East Asia. Later he returned to home and finished his legal studies. After that he joined to the illegal Hungarian Communist Party's working along with his younger brother, René. He published lot of articles for the illegal communist newspapers (Gondolat, Társadalmi Szemle, Korunk).

In the Interim National Government he served as Minister of Welfare (1944–1945). Later he was appointed Minister of Information and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1947–1948). Then he was the Hungarian ambassador to the Soviet Union (1948–1949), later he worked as Minister of Justice (1950–1952). He was Minister of Foreign Affairs again between 1952 and 1953. He was the President of the Supreme Court of Hungary between 1953 and 1954, later he was appointed as Minister of Justice again (1954–1956).

He was member of the assembly from 1944 until his death, and also member of the communist party's Central Committee. Molnár played a big role in the management of the history research as member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences's history institute and as chairman of the Hungarian Historical Society. He dealt with the problems of the Hungarian social development thoroughly, first of all with the land question, the Marxism-Leninism applied his teachings to the Hungarian relations. During the Second World War bigger studies appeared about the Árpád era's society. After 1945 Molnár dealt with the Hungarian prehistory and the feudalism with the questions of age social history, the ideological antecedents of the historical materialism and with his philosophical basis problems, the questions of the contemporary capitalism, dealt with the development of the nationalism and its development furthermore.


  • Dialektika (Dialect), Budapest, 1941 (Erik Jeszenszky pseudonym).
  • Magyar őstörténet (Hungarian prehistory), Budapest, 1942 (Lajos Szentmiklósy pseudonym).
  • A feudalizmus kialakulása Magyarországon (The development of the feudalism in Hungary), Budapest, 1942 (Lajos Szentmiklósy pseudonym).
  • Az Árpádkori társadalom 1. A gazdasági alap (The society of the Árpád Era I: The Economy), Budapest, 1943 (Lajos Szentmiklósy pseudonym).
  • Az Árpádkori társadalom 2. A Felépítmény (The society of the Árpád Era II: The Forecastle), Budapest, 1943 (Lajos Szentmiklósy pseudonym).
  • Dialektika (Dialect), Budapest, 1945.
  • A magyar társadalom története az őskortól az Árpádkorig (The history of the Hungarian society from the Prehistory to the Árpád Era), Budapest, 1945.
  • A magyar társadalom története az Árpádkortól Mohácsig (The history of the Hungarian society from the Árpád Era to the Battle of Mohács), Budapest, 1949.
  • A történelmi materializmus ideológiai előzményei (The ideological antecedents of the historical materialism), Budapest, 1952.
  • A magyar nép őstörténete (The prehistory of the Hungarian people), Budapest, 1953.
  • A történelmi materializmus filozófiai alapproblémái (The philosophical basis problems of the historical materialism), Budapest, 1955.
  • A jelenkori kapitalizmus néhány gazdasági problémája (Some economic problems of the contemporary capitalism), Budapest, 1959.
  • Dialektikus materializmus és társadalomtudomány (Dialectic materialism and social science), Budapest, 1962.


Political offices
Preceded by
Ernő Mihályfi
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
László Rajk
Preceded by
István Ries
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Gyula Décsi
Preceded by
Károly Kiss
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
János Boldóczki
Preceded by
Ferenc Erdei
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Ferenc Nezvál
Legal offices
Preceded by
Péter Jankó
President of the Supreme Court
Succeeded by
József Domokos