Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport

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Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport

Aéroport international Erik-Nielson de Whitehorse[citation needed]
Whitehorse Airport, Yukon Territory.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorGovernment of Yukon[1]
LocationWhitehorse, Yukon
Hub forAir North
Time zonePST (UTC−08:00)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−07:00)
Elevation AMSL2,317 ft / 706 m
Coordinates60°42′34″N 135°04′02″W / 60.70944°N 135.06722°W / 60.70944; -135.06722Coordinates: 60°42′34″N 135°04′02″W / 60.70944°N 135.06722°W / 60.70944; -135.06722
Websitehpw.gov.yk.ca
Map
CYXY is located in Yukon
CYXY
CYXY
Location in Yukon
CYXY is located in Canada
CYXY
CYXY
CYXY (Canada)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
01/19 1,798 548 Asphalt
14R/32L 9,500 2,896 Asphalt
14L/32R 5,317 1,621 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Aircraft movements22,879

Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport (IATA: YXY, ICAO: CYXY) is located in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. It is part of the National Airports System, and is owned and operated by the Government of Yukon.[1] The airport was renamed in honour of longtime Yukon Member of Parliament Erik Nielsen on December 15, 2008.[5] The terminal handled 294,000 passengers in 2012, representing a 94% increase in passenger traffic since 2002.[6] By 2017, this number had risen to 366,000.[7] Air North is based in Whitehorse.[8]

History[edit]

Development[edit]

Built between 1940 and 1941 by the federal Department of Transport, it was transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) in 1942 as part of the Northwest Staging Route under the name of RCAF Station Whitehorse. It was closed in 1968 and the airfield resumed its status as a civilian airport.[9]

The airport is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). CBSA officers at this airport can handle aircraft with no more than 50 passengers; however, they can handle up to 225 if the aircraft is unloaded in stages.[2][10]

The airport has two fixed-base operators for fuel, limited aircraft maintenance facilities. The control tower operates from 7 a.m. – 9 p.m. local time, and the Whitehorse Flight Service Station provides Airport Advisory Service during the remaining hours. ARFF[clarification needed] services are also provided 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

In addition to scheduled commercial service, numerous small air charter operators and bush pilots use the airport and it serves as a major base for water bombers used in forest firefighting operations. The airport also controls Whitehorse Water Aerodrome, a float plane base on Schwatka Lake.

During the September 11, 2001 attacks, two aircraft approaching the United States from Asia were diverted to Whitehorse as part of Operation Yellow Ribbon. One of these flights, a Boeing 747 operating as Korean Air Lines Flight 85, was feared to be hijacked; this was not the case as the jumbo jet was low on fuel. Many of the buildings in the downtown area near the airport were evacuated as a precaution. Those who witnessed the landing by the Korean Air 747 observed the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) order the flight crew out at gunpoint.

The airport's parking lot is graced by an old Canadian Pacific Air Lines Douglas DC-3 on a pedestal that serves as a weather vane.

Historical airline service[edit]

Commencing in the early 1940s, scheduled passenger service was operated by Canadian Pacific Air Lines.[11] Canadian Pacific and its successor, CP Air, provided service to Vancouver, British Columbia; Edmonton, Alberta; Prince George, British Columbia; Fort St. John, British Columbia; Fort Nelson, British Columbia and Watson Lake, Yukon. Other destinations in the Yukon as well as Fairbanks, Alaska were also served by Canadian Pacific during the mid-1940s with these flights subsequently being discontinued.[12] CP Air served Whitehorse during the 1970s with Boeing 737-200 jetliners with direct, no change of plane flights to all of the above named destinations in Canada.[13][14] Other Canadian Pacific flights into the airport over the years were earlier operated with such twin engine prop aircraft as the Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar, Douglas DC-3, Convair 240, and also with larger, four engine Douglas DC-4 and DC-6B prop aircraft as well as Bristol Britannia turboprops.[15] CP Air was subsequently acquired by Pacific Western Airlines with the combined air carriers then operating as Canadian Airlines International which in turn continued to serve Whitehorse with Boeing 737 jet service into the 1990s before this air carrier was acquired by Air Canada in 2000. During the mid and late 1970s, the airport was also served by Winnipeg-based Transair (Canada) which operated Boeing 737-200 and Fokker F28 twin jet service direct to Winnipeg, Manitoba several days a week via intermediate stops at Yellowknife, NWT and Churchill, Manitoba.[16][17] Transair was also subsequently acquired by Pacific Western Airlines. Another air carrier which served Whitehorse during the early and mid 1970s was International Jetair operating nonstop flights to Inuvik on the weekdays with continuing one stop service several days a week to Fort Nelson flown with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop aircraft.[18]

U.S.-based Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) served Whitehorse during the early 1960s as part of a route linking Seattle with Alaska. Pan Am operated Douglas DC-4 followed by Douglas DC-6B propliners into the airport on a routing of Seattle-Ketchikan-Juneau-Whitehorse-Fairbanks-Galena-Nome.[19]

Several Alaska-based airlines also served Whitehorse in the past. During the 1970s, Wien Air Alaska operated Boeing 737-200 jetliners as well as Fairchild F-27 turboprops into the airport with Anchorage-Fairbanks-Whitehorse-Juneau routings.[20] Era Aviation operated Convair 580 turboprop aircraft nonstop between Anchorage and Whitehorse during the 1980s.[21]

Facilities[edit]

Terminal building

The airport has its own fire department with three crash tenders and one supervisor vehicle based at a fire station on the airport grounds.[22]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Express Vancouver
Air North Calgary, Dawson City, Edmonton, Kelowna, Mayo, Vancouver, Victoria, Yellowknife
Alaska Seaplanes Seasonal: Juneau
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b "Airport Divestiture Status Report". Transport Canada. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
  2. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ Synoptic/Metstat Station Information Archived December 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Aircraft Movement Statistics: NAV CANADA Towers and Flight Service Stations: Annual Report (TP 577): Table 2-1 — Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers". Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Yukon names airport after former MP Nielsen", cbc.ca, December 16, 2008.
  6. ^ Unknown, Government of Yukon, , Unknown,. "New passenger bridge opens at the Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport- Government of Yukon news release". Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Tourism Yukon 2017 Year-End Report" (PDF). Yukon Government. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Air North, Yukon's Airline - Flights, Packages, Air Passes, Cargo and More". Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  9. ^ Proc, Jerry. "RCAF Whitehorse, Yukon". Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  10. ^ CBSA Office - Detailed Information Archived 2007-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Dec. 1, 1943 Canadian Pacific Air Lines system timetable
  12. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, May 1946 Canadian Pacific Air Lines system timetable
  13. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 15, 1970 CP Air system timetable
  14. ^ North American Official Airline Guide (OAG), Feb. 1, 1976 edition, Whitehorse flight schedules
  15. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Dec. 1, 1943; Nov. 1, 1953; April 29, 1962 & April 24, 1966 Canadian Pacific Air Lines system timetables
  16. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, May 25, 1976 Transair route map
  17. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Yellowknife & Winnipeg flight schedules
  18. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, April 25, 1971 & Oct. 28, 1973 International Jetair timetables
  19. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Aug. 1, 1963 Pan American World Airways system timetable
  20. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, June 1, 1974 & Sept. 15, 1977 Wien Air Alaska system timetables
  21. ^ http://www.airtimes.com, Era Aviation system timetables
  22. ^ "Fire Engines Photos - Whitehorse International Airport, Yukon, Canada". Retrieved 16 February 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport at Wikimedia Commons