Eristalinus taeniops

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Eristalinus taeniops
Syrphidae - Eristalinus taeniops-002.jpg
Eristalinus taeniops. Male
2016 06 22 Schwebfliege1A.jpg
Female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Eristalinus
Subgenus: Eristalodes
Species: E. taeniops
Binomial name
Eristalinus taeniops
(Wiedemann, 1818)
Synonyms[1]

Eristalinus taeniops is a species of hoverfly, also known as the band-eyed drone fly.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species is present in part of Europe (Albania, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, the Canary Islands, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Spain), in North Africa, in the Near East (Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine), in the Caucasus, in the Eastern parts of Afrotropical ecozone to South Africa, in the Oriental ecozone (Nepal, Northern India), in Northern Pakistan and in Iran.[3][4] It has been introduced to parts of North America (California and Florida).

Habitat[edit]

These hoverflies can be found in Holly oak forests, in forest clearings, maquis, rivers, streams, and in coastal marshes. [5]

Side view

Description[edit]

Eristalinus taeniops can reach a length of 11–14 millimetres (0.43–0.55 in).[5] These hoverflies exhibit a bee-like yellow-black drawing (Batesian mimicry) and are often mistaken for wasps or bees. The thorax has a metallic yellow-brown color and it is densely yellow hairy. Also the scutellum are yellow-brown colored. The abdomen is reddish-yellow, with transversal black bands. The compound eyes have five distinct, vertical, dark stripes.[5] The wings are transparent, usually yellowish-brown at the base, while the halteres are brightly pale yellow colored.[6][7]

Biology[edit]

Adults of these hoverflies can be found from April to October with a peak from May to August. They feed on nectar of yellow and white flowers such as Erica, Daphne, Senecio and Rosaceae species. The larvae live as rat-tailed maggots, mainly in the mud, in animal carcasses and in water contaminated by pig manure.[5]

Gallery[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Joachim & Hiroko Haupt: Fliegen und Mücken: Beobachtung, Lebensweise. Naturbuch-Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-89440-278-4.
  • Ricarte, Antonio & M. Á. Marcos-García. 2017. A checklist of the Syrphidae (Diptera) of Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar. Zootaxa 4216(5): 401–440
  • Speight, M.C.D. (2014) Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), 2014. Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 78, 321 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.
  • Celeste Pérez Bañón, Santos Rojo, Gunilla Ståhls and M. Angeles Marcos-García – Taxonomy of European Eristalinus (Diptera: Syrphidae) based on larval morphology and molecular data

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catalogue of life
  2. ^ BioLib
  3. ^ Fauna europaea
  4. ^ Hassan Ghahari; Rüstem Hayat; Mehrdad Tabari; Hadi Ostovan (2008). "Hover Flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) From Rice Fields and Around Grasslands of Northern Iran" (PDF). Munis Entomology & Zoology. Ankara, Turkey: Munis Research Group. 3 (1): 275–284. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d Arthropodafotos
  6. ^ Entomoland
  7. ^ J. et H. Haupt - Guide des Mouches et des Moustiques

External links[edit]