Eristalis arbustorum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eristalis arbustorum
Hoverfly (Eristalis arbustorum) male.jpg
male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Eristalis
Subgenus: Eoseristalis
Species: E. arbustorum
Binomial name
Eristalis arbustorum
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

Eristalis arbustorum is a European species of hoverfly. The size of the coloured patches on the abdomen varies with larval rearing temperature, as does wing length. They are attracted to the flowers of cow parsley, common hogweed, creeping thistle, knapweed[2] and common yarrow.

Description[edit]

External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera
Wing length 7-10 mm. Arista plumose (at least basal half) .Face entirely pale dusted (in rubbed specimens shining black median stripe).Hind femora pale at tip only.Resembles E.abusiva, but distinguished by the plumose arista, also less projecting mouth-edge and overall pubescence shorter.Top 1/4 of tibia 2 black. [3] [4] [5] [6] The male genitalia are figured by Hippa et al. (2001) [7] The larva is figured by Hartley (1961) [8]


Distribution[edit]

Throughout the Palaearctic including North Africa; North America Nearctic from Wisconsin to Labrador and then south to Kansas and South Carolina.North India (Indomalayan realm.[9] [10]

Biology[edit]

Habitat:Found in a wide range of wetlands and in alluvial softwood forest, temperate coniferous forests, boreal forests, taiga, montane tundra. Also farmland, urban parks and gardens. Visits the flowers of a wide range of low-growing plants and shrubs.[11] The larva is aquatic, occurring in shallow, nutrient rich standing water and in cow-dung, silage pits and compost heaps.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Stubbs, Alan E.; Falk, Steven J. (1983). British Hoverflies: An Illustrated Identification Guide. British Entomological & Natural History Society. pp. 253, xvpp. 
  2. ^ "Hoverflies". Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  3. ^ Van Veen, M. (2004) Hoverflies of Northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. 256pp. KNNV Publishing, Utrecht.addendum
  4. ^ Van der Goot,V.S. (1981) De zweefvliegen van Noordwest - Europa en Europees Rusland, in het bijzonder van de Benelux. KNNV, Uitgave no.32: 275pp. Amsterdam.
  5. ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR, Volume V: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part I. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi. ISBN 81-205-0080-6.
  6. ^ Coe, R.L. (1953) Diptera: Syrphidae. Handbks.ident.Br.insects, 10(1): 1-98. R.ent.Soc.London. pdf
  7. ^ Hippa, H., Nielsen, T.R. & van Steenis, J. (2001) The west Palaearctic species of the genus Eristalis Latreille (Diptera, Surphidae). Norw.J.Entomol., 48: 289-327.
  8. ^ Hartley, J.C. (1961) A taxonomic account of the larvae of some British Syrphidae. Proc.zool.Soc.Lond.,136: 505-573.
  9. ^ Fauna Europaea
  10. ^ Peck, L.V. (1988) Syrphidae. In: Soos, A. & Papp, L. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 8: 11-230. Akad.Kiado, Budapest.
  11. ^ de Buck, N. (1990) Bloembezoek en bestuivingsecologie van Zweefvliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) in het bijzonder voor België. Doc.Trav. IRSNB, no.60, 1-167.