Erkki Liikanen

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Erkki Antero Liikanen
Erkki Liikanen at Bank of Finland seminar, 2016 01.jpg
Governor of Bank of Finland
In office
12 July 2004 – 12 July 2018
Preceded byMatti Vanhala
Succeeded byOlli Rehn
European Commissioner for Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
In office
17 September 1999 – 11 July 2004
PresidentRomano Prodi
Preceded byMartin Bangemann
Succeeded byOlli Rehn
European Commissioner for Budget, Personnel and Administration
In office
25 January 1995 – 17 September 1999
PresidentJacques Santer
Preceded byPeter Schmidhuber
Succeeded byMichaele Schreyer
Minister of Finance
In office
30 April 1987 – 28 February 1990
Prime MinisterHarri Holkeri
Preceded byEsko Ollila
Succeeded byMatti Louekoski
Member of Parliament
In office
22 January 1972 – 31 August 1990
ConstituencyMikkeli district
Personal details
Born (1950-09-19) 19 September 1950 (age 68)
Mikkeli, Finland
Spouse(s)Hanna-Liisa Issakainen (m. 1971)[1]
OccupationGovernor of the Bank of Finland

Erkki Antero Liikanen (born 19 September 1950) is a Finnish social democratic politician and a former Governor of the Bank of Finland.[2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Erkki Antero Liikanen obtained a Master's degree in Political Science (Economics) from the University of Helsinki in 1975.[4]

Political career[edit]

Liikanen was elected to the Finnish Parliament in 1972 when he was only 21 years old. Liikanen was appointed as the Minister of Finance in the Holkeri Cabinet in 1987.[5] He left Parliament in 1990 to become the first Finnish Ambassador to the European Union.[6]

In 1994 he became the first Finnish Member of the European Commission. He was Commissioner for Budget, Personnel and administration, which included responsibilities for translation and information technology.[7]

Liikanen has been Governor of the Bank of Finland since 12 July 2004. As such he also became a Member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (2004–present) and Governor of the International Monetary Fund for Finland (2004–present ).[8]

In February 2012, EU Commissioner Michel Barnier asked Erkki Liikanen to chair a group of experts to assess the need for structural reforms to the EU banking sector. Their works is known as the Liikanen report was published on 2 October 2012.

Liikanen was also the chairman of Finnish Red Cross between June 2008 and June 2014.

Positions held[edit]


  • Chairman of the Board of the Bank of Finland, 12 July 2004– (Present position)
  • 1995–2004 Member of the European Commission, Brussels
  • 1990–1994 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Head of Finnish Mission to the European Union, Brussels
  • 1987–1990 Minister of Finance
  • 1983–1987 Parliamentary Trustee to the Bank of Finland (Vice-Chairman), Speaker's Council
  • 1981–1987 Secretary-General of the Social Democratic Party
  • 1980–1989 Member and subsequently Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Outokumpu (steel)
  • 1978, 1982, 1988 Elected as Member of the Electoral College to select the Finnish President
  • 1972–1990 Member of Parliament; member of Cultural Affairs Committee (1972–1975), Agriculture and Forestry Committee (Vice-Chairman) (1977–1979), Foreign Affairs Committee (member 1975–1982; Chairman 1983–1987)

Other activities[edit]

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Hanna-Liisa Liikanen and they have two daughters.[1]

Literary work[edit]

  • Brysselin päiväkirjat 1990–1994 (edited by Eila Nevalainen) ISBN 951-1-13832-4[12]


  1. ^ Publications, Europa (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. p. 1005. ISBN 9781857432176.
  2. ^ "Pääjohtaja Erkki Liikanen". Bank of Finland.
  3. ^ "Liikanen Urges Caution Against Tightening ECB Policy Too Soon". 2018-03-27. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  4. ^ "Pääjohtaja Erkki Liikanen". Bank of Finland.
  5. ^ "Council of State - Ministers of Finance". Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Edustajamatrikkeli". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Pääjohtaja Erkki Liikanen". Bank of Finland.
  8. ^ "Board Members in the history of the Bank of Finland". Bank of Finland.
  9. ^ "Pääjohtaja Erkki Liikanen". Bank of Finland.
  10. ^ Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  11. ^ Membership Trilateral Commission.
  12. ^ Liikanen, Erkki (1995). Eila Nevalainen, ed. Brysselin päiväkirjat 1990–1994 (in Finnish). Otava. ISBN 9789511138327.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Schmidhuber
European Commissioner for Financial Programming & the Budget, Personnel & Administration
Succeeded by
Neil Kinnock
Preceded by
Martin Bangemann
European Commissioner for Enterprise & Information Society
(jointly with Ján Figeľ)
Succeeded by
Olli Rehn
Preceded by
Finnish European Commissioner
Succeeded by
Olli Rehn
Government offices
Preceded by
Matti Vanhala
Governor of the Bank of Finland