Erlanger Health System

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Erlanger Hospital
Erlanger Health System
Erlanger Baroness Campus
Location Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States
Coordinates 35°02′53″N 85°17′23″W / 35.048176°N 85.28966°W / 35.048176; -85.28966Coordinates: 35°02′53″N 85°17′23″W / 35.048176°N 85.28966°W / 35.048176; -85.28966
Care system Public
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Tennessee College of Medicine
Emergency department Level I trauma center
Beds 818
Founded 1889
Lists Hospitals in Tennessee

The Erlanger Health System (often referred to as Erlanger Hospital or simply Erlanger) /ərlinər/, is a multi-hospital system with four campuses based in Chattanooga, Tennessee: Erlanger Baroness campus, Children's Hospital at Erlanger T.C. Thompson campus, Erlanger East campus, Erlanger North campus, and Erlanger Bledsoe campus in Bledsoe County, TN. Erlanger is a Level I trauma center for adults with trauma surgeons available at all times. Children's Hospital at Erlanger houses a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, with a Pediatric Trauma Team, Emergency Department, and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. The system also runs two community health centers: Southside Community Health Center and Dodson Avenue Community Health Center.

Erlanger Hospital is an 818-bed facility that provides patients with a complete range of primary and specialty care services. It is the Southeast Tennessee region's major tertiary care center and a modern medical complex. Erlanger is also home to the area's only kidney transplant program.[1] In fiscal year 2013, Erlanger had 28,840 inpatient admissions, 476,819 outpatient visits (includes physician office visits), and 113,000 emergency room visits. Erlanger has been noted as one of the nation's leaders in healthcare. It is nationally recognized in many areas from child care to mental care. Every year at Erlanger Hospital, the nurses and doctors treat over a quarter of a million patients. Erlanger Hospital works closely with the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. This is because they are dedicated to being a teaching hospital. The United States relies on teaching hospitals otherwise known as academic medical centers. [2] Students in nursing and medical school do all of their clinicals alongside another doctor or nurse. When a medical student graduates from college, they become an intern for another doctor. They work as an intern for a year or so, depending on their specialty. After that year, they become a resident where they will get more responsibilities and still work alongside a doctor until they become an attending physician.

Academic Medical Center[edit]

As the primary teaching hospital for the University of Tennessee College of Medicine's Chattanooga campus, Erlanger serves as the educational training ground for more than 150 physicians enrolled annually in the medical college’s residency and fellowship programs. Medical students from the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis,TN may elect a variety of clinical rotations at Erlanger. Nursing students, Paramedic students, and many other allied health students also train at Erlanger in conjunction with the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (UTC), Chattanooga State Technical Community College (CSTCC), and other regional colleges.


Erlanger traces its history to 1889, when Baron Frédéric Emile d'Erlanger, a European financier with local railroad holdings, visited Chattanooga and donated $5,000 to establish a local hospital. Baron had arrived to inspect his railroad investments in the city, and leading citizens expressed appreciation for his interest in Chattanooga by hosting an elegant banquet in his honor. [3] After Baron left the city, everyone did all they could to raise the rest of the money to build the hospital. The Chattanooga Hospital Association along with President C.D Mitchell bought a four acre track on Harrison Avenue, which is now East 3rd Street. This is where they would start building the hospital. Chattanoogans chose to name the new institution in honor of the Baron’s Southern-born wife, Baroness Marguerite Mathilde Slidell d’Erlanger. On August 20, 1891, community leaders held a cornerstone ceremony to celebrate the completion of the foundation of Baroness Erlanger Hospital, the region’s first permanent hospital. When construction of the hospital facility was completed in 1899, the $50,000 structure opened with 72 beds. [4] The hospital has always been run using the Baroness family moto, "Rast Ich so rost Ich", in translation, "If I Rest, I Rust". [5] In 1901, the newspaper urged Erlanger to make significant improvements due to the growing population. After the increase in population, Erlanger did not have enough beds to meet the demand. The newspaper challenged everyone to help raise 25,000 dollars by the end of the year to help with the hospital improvements. Again in 1914, the hospital had reached its capacity. In January 1914, the board of trustees announced that they would extend a bond of 100,000 dollars to improve the hospitals services and upgrade the facilities. At the same time, hospital management was appointed to Dr. W.E. Raht who was a well decorated man from Germany. He had been the manager of many companies. Before the great depression, Erlanger's advances in medical science had greatly reduced the spread of many diseases such as typhoid fever and malaria. [6]

By 2000, Erlanger had grown to become a multi-hospital system with five campuses.[4] Nursing students from University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga State, and other colleges in the region are trained at Erlanger. [4]

On October 8th, 2014, Erlanger unveiled their plans for the future. They plan to build a new children and women's hospital to go along with Chattanooga's new downtown developments. Erlanger officials stated that by the end of the week a team should be put together, and they will be deciding how to fundraise tens of millions of dollars. [7]

External Links[edit]


Accreditations, awards, and recognition[edit]

U.S. News & World Report ranked Erlanger Health System the number one hospital in Chattanooga in 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.[8] Each year, the magazine ranks 5,000 hospitals based on publicly reported data (volume. mortality rates, staffing levels, safety statistics, patient satisfaction) as well as surveys from 10,000 physicians. The resulting analysis is turned into rankings by specialty, region, and metropolitan area.

In 2008, Erlanger was recognized by Thomson Reuters as one of the nation's Top 100 teaching hospitals for cardiovascular care.[9]

The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations has fully accredited Erlanger Bledsoe Hospital as a critical access hospital and the Erlanger Southeast Regional Stroke Center as a primary stroke center.[10]

In 2008, Erlanger East Campus and Children's Hospital at Erlanger were awarded top honors for outstanding patient satisfaction by Professional Research Consultants (PRC).[11]

In 2012, Erlanger's pediatric center received the "Hot Shot" award. [12] This honors them for their vaccines always being the best and how their employees take care of patients. They always find out what vaccines everyone needs, and promptly give them.


  1. ^ "Kidney Transplant Center". Erlanger. 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  2. ^ "A Teaching Hospital". Erlanger Medical Center. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Poole, Wanda (1993). The Baroness Collection: Erlanger Medical Center, 1891-1991. 975 East Third St. Chattanooga TN 37405: Erlanger Medical Center. pp. 39–90. 
  4. ^ a b c d "History". Erlanger Health System. 
  5. ^ Poole, Wanda (1993). The Baroness Collection: Erlanger Medical Center, 1891-1991. 975 East Third St. Chattanooga TN 37405: Erlanger Medical Center. pp. 39–90. 
  6. ^ Poole, Wanda (1993). The Baroness Collection: Erlanger Medical Center, 1891-1991. 975 East Third St. Chattanooga TN 37405: Erlanger Medical Center. pp. 39–90. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Kendi. "Erlanger Unveils Dreams for the Future". Times Free Press. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  8. ^ U.S. News & World Report, August 2011 issue, "", 2014-08-30
  9. ^ "Top 100 Hospitals 2008". Thomson Reuters. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  10. ^ "Accreditation". Joint Commission. 2008. 
  11. ^ "Patient Satisfaction" (PDF). Professional Research Consultants. 2008. 
  12. ^ "Erlanger Pediatric Hot Shot Award". WRCB TV. Retrieved 14 October 2014.