|• Body||Corporation of Cochin|
|• Total||3,032 km2 (1,171 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Ernakulam|
Ernakulam ( pronunciation (help·info)) refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India. The city is the most urban part of Kochi and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. Ernakulam is called the commercial capital of the state of Kerala. The Kerala High Court, the Office of the Corporation of Cochin and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. The Ernakulam Junction or South station, Ernakulam Town or North Station and Ernakulam Terminus(now defunct) railway stations of the Indian Railways lies in Ernakulam. Initially, Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was later shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 220 kilometres (137 mi) towards north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Landmarks/tourist spots
- 5 Transport
- 6 Media
- 7 Broadcasting
- 8 Places of worship
- 9 Education
- 10 Politics
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The region can claim to have played a significant part in fostering the trade relations between Kerala and the outside world in the ancient and medieval period. The early political history of Ernakulam is interlinked with that of the Chera Dynasty of the Sangam age, who ruled over vast portions of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the Cheras, the place was later ruled by the Kingdom of Cochin (Perumpadapu Swaroopam).
Under the Köppen climate classification, City of Ernakulam features a Tropical monsoon climate. Since the region lies in the south western coastal state of Kerala, the climate is tropical, with only minor differences in temperatures between day and night, as well as over the year. Summer lasts from March to May, and is followed by the South-west monsoon from June to September. October and November form the post monsoon or retreating monsoon season. Winter from December through February is slightly cooler, and windy, due to winds from the Western Ghats.
The City is drained in the monsoonal season by heavy showers. The average annual rainfall is 3000 mm. The South-west monsoon generally sets in during the last week of May. After July the rainfall decreases. On an average, there are 124 rainy days in a year. The maximum average temperature of the City in the summer season is 33 degree Celsius while the minimum temperature recorded is 22.5 degrees Celsius. The winter season records a maximum average of 29 degree Celsius and a minimum average of 20 degree Celsius.
Ernakulam is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala. The Cochin Port, Cochin Shipyard has resulted in the faster growth of the city. The technology park InfoPark, Kochi and SmartCity, Kochi is on the outskirts of the city.Tourism has also contributed heavily to the economy of Ernakulam. The city with its temples, old churches and its culture, is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting Kerala.
- Marine Drive, Kochi
- Durbar Hall Ground
- Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
- LuLu International Shopping Mall
- Mahatma Gandhi Road (Kochi)
- Maharajas College ground with Synthetic Athletic track
- Jawahar Lal Nehru International Stadium, Kaloor
- Rajeev Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavathara
- Kerala High Court
- Subhash Park
- Children's Park
- B.R. Ambedkar Stadium
- St. Albert's College (Autonomous), Ernakulam
- Vivekananda Statue, Elamakkara 
Vytilla Mobility hub, caters to the transportation needs of the city. Ernakulam is well served by private/government buses, autorickshaws, long and short distance trains and ferries. Ernakulam has a number of jetties where passengers can embark and disembark from ferries. Travelling via ferries is cheaper and faster than travelling by buses and/or autos. The main jetty is called the Ernakulam jetty from where one can board a ferry to Fort Kochi, Mattancherry and Willingdon Island.
Ernakulam is connected to the North-South Corridor National Highway System via the four-laned National Highway 66. The highway traverses through the entire length and breadth of the city from different points and provides access to the nearby cities such of Thrissur, Palakkad and Coimbatore. NH 66 provides two main exit points at Edapally and Vytilla to the Ernakulam city. The city is largely dependent on city buses, Taxis and auto rickshaws (called autos) for public transport. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs inter-state, inter-district and city services. The National Highway 17, National Highway 49 connected to Madurai, Main Central Road, State Highways are the roads which connect city with its suburbs and municipalities. Major Roads — M. G. Road, Sahodharan Ayyappan Road, Broadway and Marine drive walkway, Banerjee Road, Shanmugham Road, Kaloor-Kadavanthara Road. KL 07 Reg..,
Ernakulam Junction Railway Station is the one of the busiest railway station in Kerala. Ernakulam railway stations is located close to the town's main shopping area situated on MG Road. The Southern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways operates the main rail transport system in Ernakulam. There are two railway stations in Ernakulam City. Ernakulam Town railway station, it is situated in the northern part of the city and the stopping point for trains going towards mainly to Kottayam side in the south. Ernakulam Junction Railway Station, it is a junction and departing station of passengers, express trains, the stopping point for trains going towards south side Alappuzha. The Station also has a Train Care Centre in its premises. 21 trains originates from Ernakulam Junction. There is also a small railway station at Edappally.
Ernakulam city is served by Cochin International Airport (Nedumbassery), which is about 27 kilometers away. Direct domestic flights are available to major Indian cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Kolkata. International flights to Middle East cities like Bahrain, Muscat, Sharjah, Jeddah, Riyadh, Dammam, Doha and to Southeast Asian cities Singapore and Kuala Lumpur are available here. It has a dedicated Heli-taxi service and Chartered flights. In 2015, it became the world's first airport to be completed powered by solar energy.
Kochi Metro is an under-construction metro system for the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. The first phase is being set up at an estimated cost of ₹51.81 billion (US$770 million), and is expected to be completed by March 2017, revising the previous deadline of 1 November 2016.
Major Malayalam newspapers published in Ernakulam include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Janmabhoomi, Madhyamam, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Kerala Kaumudi, Thejus, Metro Vartha, Siraj, Varthamanam, Janayugam and Veekshanam.
Being the seat of the Cochin Stock Exchange, a number of financial publications are also published in the city. These include The Economic Times, Business Line, The Business Standard and The Financial Express.
Television stations in Ernakulam include JANAM TV www.janamtv.com Indiavision, Jeevan TV, WE TV, Manorama News, Asianet News. Satellite television services are available through Doordarshan Direct Plus, Dish TV Sun Direct and Tata Sky. The Multisystem operators in Ernakulam are Asianet, Siti Cable, Kerala Vision, DEN networks. The local channels are Asianet Cable Vision, Ernakulam TV.
Places of worship
- Ernakulam Shiva Temple Ernakulathapan temple (Shiva)
- Hanuman Temple, in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
- Muruga Temple. in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
- Chembitta Pally, Kochangadi, Kochi, Ernakulam
- Kanjiramattom Juma Masjid, Kanjramattam, Ernakulam
- Ponnurunni Juma Masjid, Pallipadi, Thammanam, Ernakulam
- Nadamel Marth Mariam Church 
- St. George Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Karingachira 
- Vallarpadam Church Basilica of Our Lady of Ransom, Vallarpadam-Ernakulam
- St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Morakkala (Since A.D. 905)
- St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Catholic Cathedral Basilica, Ernakulam
- St. George Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church, Edappally
- St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral
- St. Antony's Shrine, Kaloor
- Mar Yohannan Nepumsianose Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Konthuruthy, which houses the tomb of Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
- Ernamkulam is the Indian headquarters of the Holy Jacobite Syrian Church.
- Basilica of Our Lady of Snows, Pallippuram
- Colleges — Maharajas College, Government Model Engineering College, St. Teresas Women's College, Govt. Law College, St. Alberts College, Sacred Heart College, Cochin University of Science & Technology
- Schools – Kendriya Vidyalaya Kadavanthra (Ernakulam), St. Mary's Higher Secondary School(Morakkala), Najath public School,Global public school, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan — Kochi Kendra (7 schools), Sree Narayana Higher Secondary School (Thrikkanarvattom), Campion School (Edappally), Chinmaya Vidyalaya (Vaduthala), Choice, TocH, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Mountt Tabor Central School,seventh Day Adventist Higher Secondary School(kaloor).
- "Manorama Online | Kochi Beaches". Week.manoramaonline.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, Provincial Series, Madras II: The Southern and West Coast Districts, Native States, and French Possessions. 1908. p. 454.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Ernakulam". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- "Clipping of Janmabhumi - Kochi". Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Kochi- Ernakulam Travel Guide, How to reach Kochi by air, bus, train, local transport, Getting around in Kochi City. Webindia123.com. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- "Metro rail: DMRC demands prompthanding over of land, funds". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Commission Kochi Metro by March: CM". The Hindu. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- BOAT SERVICE FROM ERNAKULAM – Boat Schedules – State Water Transport Department, Government of Kerala, India. Swtd.kerala.gov.in (25 July 2016). Retrieved on 2016-11-27.
- "Keeping Kochi updated". The Hindu. 15 September 2003. Retrieved 2 June 2006.
- St. Marys Jacobite Syrian Church, Tripunithura
- St. George Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Karingachira
- St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral Ernakulam. Stmarysorthodoxcathedralekm.org. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- St. Antony's Shrine, Kaloor. St-antonykaloor.org. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- Clipping of Mathrubhumi Printing and Publishing – Ernakulam. Digitalpaper.mathrubhumi.com (20 October 2014). Retrieved on 2016-11-27.
- Colleges of Ernakulam. Ernakulam.nic.in. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- St.Teresa’s College. teresas.ac.in
- Home. SH College. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- Cochin University of Science and Technology-Home Page. Cusat.ac.in. Retrieved on 27 November 2016.
- "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
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