Ernest, Duke of Bavaria
|Ernest, Duke of Bavaria-Munich|
Duke Ernest of Bavaria with his councillors
|Noble family||House of Wittelsbach|
|Father||John II, Duke of Bavaria|
|Mother||Catherine of Gorizia|
|Died||2 July 1438
|Buried||Frauenkirche in Munich|
He restrained uprisings of the citizenry of Munich in 1396 and 1410 and forced his uncle Stephen III to confine his reign to Bavaria-Ingolstadt in 1402. Afterwards Ernest still fought several times successfully against the dukes of Bavaria-Ingolstadt Stephen III and his son Louis VII the Bearded as ally of Henry XVI of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a member of the Parakeet Society and of the League of Constance.
After the extinction of the Wittelsbach dukes of Bavaria-Straubing, counts of Holland and Hainaut, Ernest and his brother William struggled with Henry and Louis but finally received half of Bavaria-Straubing including the city of Straubing in 1429.
As ally of the House of Luxembourg Ernest backed his deposed brother in law Wenceslaus against the new king Rupert of the older branch of his own Wittelsbach dynasty as well as Wenceslaus' brother Sigismund in his wars against the supporters of Jan Hus. This led to devastations in Northern Bavaria until 1434.
When his son Albert III married secretly the maid Agnes Bernauer in 1432, Ernest ordered her murdered. She was accused of witchcraft and thrown into the River Danube and drowned. The civil war with his son finally ended with a reconciliation. He is buried in the Frauenkirche in Munich.
Family and children
- Albert III, Duke of Bavaria (23 March 1401, Munich–29 February 1460, Munich).
- Beatrix (c. 1403–12 March 1447, Neumarkt), married to:
- Elisabeth (c. 1406–5 March 1468, Heidelberg), married to:
- Amalie (1408–1432), a nun in St. Klara Monastery in Munich.
He also had at least three illegitimate children.
|Ancestors of Ernest, Duke of Bavaria|
- Bayern-München after the Straubingen Inheritance
- "Ernst von Bayern-München". Germania Sacra people index (in German). Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Ernest, Duke of BavariaBorn: 1373 Died: 2 July 1438
|Duke of Bavaria-Munich
1397 – 1438
|Duke of Bavaria-Straubing
1429 – 1438
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