Ernest April

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Ernest Wilfred April (born 15 January 1915 in Salem, Massachusetts, United States[1] - died 27 July 2004 [2]) was a professional anatomist at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons who gained prominence for his controversial defense of the use of Nazi medical drawings in anatomy textbooks.[3][4][5] He was best known for championing Pernkopff Anatomy, a volume composed by leading Austrian Nazi Eduard Pernkoff. April described the atlas as "a phenomenal book, very complete and thorough and authoritative."[6]

In addition to running the human anatomy program at Columbia University, April served for many years as a Republican and Conservative councilman in Rutherford, New Jersey.[7] April was a graduate of Tufts University.


  1. ^ Source Citation Number: 016-16-9590; Issue State: Massachusetts; Issue Date: Before 1951 Source Information U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2011. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.
  2. ^ Publication Date: 08/6/2004; Web edition: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2016-07-22. U.S., Obituary Collection, 1930-2015 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006.
  3. ^ Medical Schools Seeking Cadavers, Toledo Blade January 3, 1996
  4. ^ Anatomist at Center of Austrian Controversy, The Washington Post, June 22, 1999
  5. ^ Sarah Richards. M.D.'s-to-Be Honor Body Donors, The New York Times, May 16, 1999
  6. ^ Wade, Nicholas. "Doctors Question Use Of Nazi's Medical Atlas", The New York Times, November 26, 1996. Accessed November 19, 2017.
  7. ^ New job for man about town, The Record (Bergen County, NJ), Jan 2, 2003