Ernest Bader (24 November 1890 – 5 February 1982) and his wife, Dora Scott, founded a chemical company, Scott Bader, and gave it to the employees, under terms of Common ownership, forming the Scott Bader Commonwealth, in 1951.
Scott Bader Ltd. was founded in 1921 with office premises in Finsbury Square, London, and moved to Wollaston, Northamptonshire in 1943. It makes synthetic resins and composite materials. Since 1951 it has expanded and is now international, employing around 600 people.
For a full history, and a chart showing Bader's ideal of common ownership as The Third Way, see The Man Who Gave His Company Away: A Biography of Ernest Bader, Founder of the Scott Bader Commonwealth by Susanna Hoe (foreword E. F. Schumacher); London, William Heinemann (1978) ISBN 0-434-34023-5. 
Originally of Swiss nationality, Ernest Bader had been a conscientious objector in his home country. He was a Quaker, co-founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in 1957 and a member of the Committee of 100 (United Kingdom). Influential in Bader's thinking were the Society of Friends, which he joined in 1945, 17th century Quaker, George Fox, Gandhi, John Middleton Murry and Wilfred Wellock and Canon John Collins with whom he establish Demintry (Society for Democratic Integration in Industry) in 1958.
- John G. Corina, ‘Bader, Ernest (1890–1982)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008, accessed 26 Feb 2008.
- "About Scott Bader" (PDF). Scott Bader. 2011. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- The Times,
- Monday, Nov 07, 1960; pg. 7; Issue 54922; col F "Family Firm's Success In Common Ownership"
- Monday, Mar 25, 1963; pg. 7; Issue 55658; col B "Commonwealth Of Employees Shares For Trustees"
- Monday, Jan 06, 1969; pg. 20; Issue 57451; col D "An experiment in industrial idealism" (Book review).
- Tuesday, Jun 19, 1973; pg. 21; Issue 58812; col D " Worker control minus the political overtones" by Ross Davies.
- Scott Bader Company website (accessed 24 February 2008).
- Susanna Hoe,The Man Who Gave His Company Away, William Heinemann Ltd. 1978, p.42
- Cooley, Mike (July 27, 1978). "The man who gave his company away by Susanna Hoe review". New Scientist: 280. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- Simkin, John. "Ernest Bader'". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- The Times, Monday, 8 February 1982; pg. 10; Issue 61152; col F "Obituary"
- Ernest Bader's Socio-Economic Vision, Scott Bader Company
- Reflections by Godric Bader (son of Ernest Bader), New Economics Institute
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