Ernest Boulanger (composer)
Ernest Henri Alexandre Boulanger (September 16, 1815 – April 14, 1900 in Paris) was a French composer of comic operas and a conductor. He was more known, however, for being a choral music composer, choral group director, voice teacher, and vocal contest jury member.
Boulanger was born into a Parisian musical family. His father, Frédéric Boulanger, who left the family when Ernest was only a small child, was a cellist and professor of singing at the Paris Conservatory, winner of the First Prize in cello at the Conservatory in 1797 and a Professor of cello, attached to the King's Chapel. His mother, Marie-Julie Halligner, was a mezzo-soprano at the Théâtre de l'Opéra-Comique in Paris. He was a pupil at the Paris Conservatory where he studied under Jean-François Le Sueur, and Fromental Halévy. He studied piano with the virtuoso pianist Charles-Valentin Alkan; and operatic composition with Daniel Auber and Ferdinand Hérold.
At the age of 19, Boulanger was awarded the Grand Prix de Rome in 1835 with his cantata "Achille". In 1842, he began making a name as a composer of comic operas and as a conductor. Boulanger made a dozen comic operas between 1842 and 1877. Boulanger's chief work was the three-act opera of Don Quixote, which premiered at the Théâtre Lyrique in 1869; the most performed of his works was the one-act Les sabots de la marquise, which premiered in 1854 at the Opéra-Comique. In 1871, he became professor of singing at the conservatory. In 1870, he was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor. In 1881, he was appointed to the Académie des Beaux-Arts. Within the cultural circles of Paris, Boulanger was an associate of Charles Gounod, Jules Massenet, Camille Saint-Saëns and William Bouwens.
Boulanger and Raissa Mychetsky (née Mychetskaya; 1858–1935), 43 years his junior, met in Saint Petersburg; she was a Russian princess who descended from St. Mikahil Tchernigovsky, and Boulanger was her voice teacher. They married in 1877 and moved to Paris where they had two children, the teacher and composer Nadia Boulanger; and composer Lili Boulanger. Like their father, Nadia and Lili both competed in the Prix de Rome, Nadia taking second place in 1908, and Lili earning the first place in 1913.
- Le Moulin (1840, libretto by Eugène de Planard)
- Le Diable à l'École (libretto by Eugène Scribe) (1842)
- Les Deux Bergères (1843)
- Une voix (1845, libretto by Alfred Bayard and Charles Potron)
- La Cachette (1847)
- Le 15 août aux champs (1852, libretto by Michel Carré)
- Les Sabots de la Marquise (1854, libretto by Michel Carré and Jules Barbier)
- L'Éventail (1860, libretto by Michel Carré and Jules Barbier)
- Don Quichotte (1869, libretto by Michel Carré and Jules Barbier)
- Don Mucarade (1875, libretto by Michel Carré and Jules Barbier)
- Rosenstiel, Léonie (1978). The life and works of Lili Boulanger. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. pp. 12, 25. ISBN 978-0-8386-1796-0. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Potter, Caroline (2006). Nadia And Lili Boulanger. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7546-0472-3. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Meyerbeer, Giacomo; Letellier, Robert Ignatius (1999). The Diaries of Giacomo Meyerbeer: 1791–1839. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8386-3789-0. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Baker, Theodore (1905). A biographical dictionary of musicians (Public domain ed.). G. Schirmer. pp. 655–. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Pauer, Ernst (1895). A dictionary of pianists and composers for the pianoforte: with an appendix of manufacturers of the instrument (Public domain ed.). Novello. pp. 14–. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Dunbar, Julie C. (17 December 2010). Women, Music, Culture: An Introduction. Taylor & Francis. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-415-87562-2. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- "Lilli Boulanger" (PDF). Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- Campbell, Don G. (August 1984). Master teacher, Nadia Boulanger. Pastoral Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-912405-03-2. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Kuhlman, Erika A. (2002). A to Z of Women in World History. Infobase Publishing. pp. 151–. ISBN 978-0-8160-4334-7. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Spycket, Jérôme (1992). Nadia Boulanger. Pendragon Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-945193-38-8. Retrieved 24 April 2012.