Ernest Howard Crosby

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Ernest Howard Crosby in 1904
Cover of a 1902 New York publication of Captain Jinks, Hero, by Ernest Howard Crosby

Ernest Howard Crosby (1856–1907) was an American reformer, georgist, and author, born in New York City, the son of Presbyterian minister Howard Crosby,[1] and a relative of prolific hymn-writer and rescue mission worker Fanny Crosby.

He was educated at New York University and the Columbia Law School. He was a member of the Delta Phi fraternity during his time at New York University. While a member of the State Assembly (1887–1889), he introduced three high-license bills, all vetoed by the Governor. From 1889 to 1894 he was judge of the Court of the First Instance at Alexandria, Egypt. He became an exponent of the theories of Count Tolstoy, whom he visited before his return to America; his relations with the great Russian later ripened into intimate friendship, and he devoted himself in America largely to promulgating Tolstoy's ideas of universal peace. His book, Plain Talk in Psalm and Parable (1899), was widely commended by such writers as Björnson, Kropotkin, and Zangwill. He was a vegetarian.[2] Like the Englishman Edward Carpenter, the subject of his book 'Poet and Prophet', Crosby's poetry (in the volume 'Swords and Plowshares')followed the example of Whitman's free verse. He wrote:

  • Captain Jinks, Hero, illustrated by Daniel Carter Beard, (1902)
  • Swords and Plowshares (1902)
  • Tolstoy and his Message (1903; second edition, 1904)
  • Tolstoy as a Schoolmaster (1904)
  • Carpenter: Poet and Prophet (second edition, 1905)
  • Garrison, the Non-Resistant and abolitionist (Chicago, 1905)
  • Broad-Cast (1905)
  • The Meat Fetish : Two Essays on Vegetarianism, (by Ernest Howard Crosby and Elisée Reclus, 1905)
  • Labor and Neighbor (1908)



  1. ^ Ralph E. Luker, The Social Gospel in Black and White: American Racial Reform, 1885-1912 (UNC Press Books, 1998):242.
  2. ^ Iacobbo & Iacobbo, Vegetarian America: A History, (Praeger, 2004), pp. 143–147.

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