Ernest J. Gaines
|Ernest J. Gaines|
|Born||Ernest James Gaines
January 15, 1933
Oscar, Louisiana, USA
|Notable works||A Lesson Before Dying
The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman
A Gathering of Old Men
|Notable awards||National Humanities Medal
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ernest James Gaines (born January 15, 1933) is an African-American author. His works have been taught in college classrooms and translated into many languages, including French, Spanish, German, Russian and Chinese. Four of his works have been made into television movies.
His 1993 novel, A Lesson Before Dying, won the National Book Critics Circle Award for fiction. Gaines has been a MacArthur Foundation fellow, awarded the National Humanities Medal, and inducted into the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) as a Chevalier.
Gaines was among the fifth generation of his sharecropper family to be born on a plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. This became the setting and premise for many of his later works. He was the eldest of 12 children, raised by his aunt, who was crippled and had to crawl to get around the house. Although born generations after the end of slavery, Gaines grew up impoverished, living in old slave quarters on a plantation.
Gaines' first years of school took place in the plantation church. When the children were not picking cotton in the fields, a visiting teacher came for five to six months of the year to provide basic education. Gaines then spent three years at St. Augustine School, a Catholic school for African Americans in New Roads, Louisiana. Schooling for African-American children did not continue beyond the eighth grade, during this time in Pointe Coupee Parish.
When he was 15 years old, Gaines moved to Vallejo, California, to join his mother and stepfather, who had left Louisiana during World War II. His first novel was written at age 17, while babysitting his youngest brother, Michael. According to one account, he wrapped it in brown paper, tied it with string, and sent it to a New York publisher, who rejected it. Gaines burned the manuscript, but later rewrote it to become his first published novel, Catherine Carmier.
In 1956, Gaines published his first short story, The Turtles, in a college magazine at San Francisco State University (SFSU). The next year he earned a degree in literature from SFSU. After spending two years in the Army, he won a writing fellowship to Stanford University.
Since 1984, Gaines has spent the first half of every year in San Francisco and the second half in Lafayette, where he teaches a creative writing workshop every autumn at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
As of November 2013, Gaines lives on Louisiana Highway 1 in Oscar, Louisiana, where he and his wife built a home on part of the old plantation where he grew up. He had the church he grew up with moved to his property.
- Catherine Carmier (1964)
- Of Love and Dust (1967)
- Bloodline (1968)
- The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (1971)
- A Long Day in November (1971)
- In My Father's House (1978)
- A Gathering of Old Men (1983)
- A Lesson Before Dying (1993) – nominated for Pulitzer Prize, National Book Critics Circle Award for fiction (1993); Oprah's Book Club (1997)
- Mozart and Leadbelly: Stories and Essays (2005)
- "The Turtles" (1956)
- "Boy in the Double-Breasted Suit" (1957)
- "Mary Louis" (1960)
- "Just Like a Tree" (1963)
- "The Sky Is Gray" (1963)
- "A Long Day in November" (1964)
- "My Grandpa and the Haint" (1966)
- The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, CBS Television (1974) – Directors Guild of America Award, eight Emmy Awards, nominated for a BAFTA award
- The Sky Is Gray, American Short Story Series, PBS (1980)
- A Gathering of Old Men, CBS Television (1987)
- A Lesson Before Dying, HBO (1999); winner, Emmy Award for Outstanding Made For Television Movie
- National Medal of Arts (2013)
- Sidney Lanier Prize for Southern Literature (2012)
- Academy of Achievement Golden Plate Award (2001)
- Chevalier (Knight) of the Order of Art and Letters (France) (2000)
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Department of blacks (2000)
- The Governor's Arts Award (2000)
- The Louisiana Writer Award (2000)
- National Humanities Medal (2000)
- National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction (1993)
- John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation fellow (1993)
- Dos Passos Prize (1993)
- Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation fellow (1971)
- National Endowment for the Arts grant (1967)
- Wallace Stegner fellow (1957)
Ernest J. Gaines Award for Literary Excellence
A book award established by donors of the Baton Rouge Area Foundation in 2007 to honor Gaines' legacy and encourage rising African-American fiction writers. The winner is selected by a panel of five judges who are well known in the literary world. The winner receives a US$10,000 award and a commemorative sculpture created by Louisiana artist Robert Moreland.
- "Ernest J. Gaines". Lizzie Skurnick Books. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Lockhart, John M. "Words & Music", The Riverside Reader, February 4, 2008, p. 1
- Wolfgang Lepschy and Ernest J. Gaines, "A MELUS Interview :Ernest J. Gaines ”, The Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States (MELUS), Volume 24, Number 1 (spring 1999).
- Writer Tends Land Where Ancestors Were Slaves,  New York Times, retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Michael Bibler. "Same-Sex Intimacy in Fiction About Southern Plantations", Southern Spaces, July 8, 2009. In the second section of this talk, Bibler addresses intimacy in Of Love and Dust.
- IMDB Awards
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ernest J. Gaines|
- The Ernest J. Gaines Center at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette
- Teaching Materials for Works by Ernest J. Gaines
- Samples of Gaines' writing
- Interview with Gaines
- Article about Gaines: "Going Home"
- Interview with Gaines: "Going Home: the transcript"
- Ernest J. Gaines Award
- Kelly, EevelynE., Ph.D. “Pray if You Want To:” A Reevaluation of Religion in the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. (2010)
- Quotes source
- Interview with Ernest Gaines for OxMag
- Interview with Ernest J. Gaines, at Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, February 18, 2011