Ernest Hartmann

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ernest Hartmann (1934 – 7 August 2013) was an Austrian-American psychoanalyst and sleep researcher.

Life and career[edit]

Hartmann was born in 1934 in Vienna. His father was Heinz Hartmann (1894–1970), one of the founders of ego psychology.[1][2] After the beginning of World War II in Europe, he moved with his family to Paris, thence to Switzerland, and finally settled in New York City where he graduated from the Ethical Culture Fieldston School.[2]

In 1967, Hartmann published his first book called The Biology of Dreaming. He was a psychiatry professor at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston until retiring in 2012.[2][3] Hartmann lived in Newton Highlands, Massachusetts. He died on 7 August 2013 as a result of heart failure, at the age of 79.[2]

Selected works[edit]

  • The Functions of Sleep. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1973. ISBN 9780300017014
  • Boundaries in the Mind: A New Psychology of Personality. New York: Basic Books, 1991. ISBN 9780465007394
  • The Nature and Functions of Dreaming. Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN 9780199751778
  • Boundaries: A New Way to Look at the World. Summerland, CA: CIRCC EverPress, 2011. ISBN 9780983071808


  1. ^ Lewis, James R.; Oliver, Evelyn Dorothy (2009). "Hartmann, Ernest". The Dream Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Visible Ink Press. pp. 100–101. ISBN 978-1-57859-216-6.
  2. ^ a b c d Marquard, Bryan (25 August 2013). "Dr. Ernest Hartmann, researched sleep, the nature of dreaming; at 79". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  3. ^ Romm, Cari (29 April 2016). "People Who Have More Nightmares Might Also Be More Creative". New York. Retrieved 13 July 2017.