Ernest Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth

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The Viscount Hanworth

1stViscountHanworth - cropped.jpg
Solicitor General for England and Wales
In office
10 January 1919 – 6 March 1922
MonarchGeorge V
Preceded bySir Gorden Hewart
Succeeded bySir Leslie Scott
Master of the Rolls
In office
11 October 1923 – 7 October 1935
MonarchGeorge V
Preceded byThe Lord Sterndale
Succeeded byThe Lord Wright
Member of Parliament for Warwick and Leamington
In office
10 February 1910 – 6 December 1923
Preceded byThomas Berridge
Succeeded byAnthony Eden
Personal details
Born
Ernest Murray Pollock

(1861-11-25)25 November 1861
Wimbledon
Died22 October 1936(1936-10-22) (aged 74)
Hythe, Kent
CitizenshipBritish
Spouse(s)Laura Helen Salt
EducationCharterhouse School
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

Ernest Murray Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth, KBE, PC (25 November 1861 – 22 October 1936) was a British Conservative politician, lawyer and judge. He served as Master of the Rolls from 1923 to 1935.

Background[edit]

Pollock was born in Wimbledon, the fifth son of George Frederick Pollock, grandson of Sir Frederick Pollock, 1st Baronet, Lord Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer. He was educated at Charterhouse School and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating in 1883. He was called to the bar by the Inner Temple in 1885.

Political and legal career[edit]

Pollock sat as member of Parliament for Warwick and Leamington from 1910 to 1923.[1] In 1919, under David Lloyd George, he was appointed Solicitor General which he remained until 1922, when he became Attorney General, but left this post the same year. He was appointed to the Privy Council in the 1922 New Year Honours[2] and was created a baronet later the same year.[3] He left the House of Commons at the 1923 general election, and was replaced in his seat by Anthony Eden. The same year he was made Master of the Rolls. On 28 January 1926 he elevated to the peerage as Baron Hanworth, of Hanworth in the County of Middlesex.[4] He resigned as Master of the Rolls in 1935. The following year he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Hanworth, of Hanworth in the County of Middlesex, on 17 January 1936.[5]

Family[edit]

Lord Hanworth married Laura Helen Salt, daughter of banker and politician Thomas Salt, in 1887. They had a son and daughter. He died at his home in Hythe, Kent in October 1936, aged 74. He was succeeded in the viscountcy by his grandson David Bertram Pollock, 2nd Viscount Hanworth, his son Charles Thomas Anderdon Pollock (d. 1918) having been killed in the First World War.

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Ernest Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Hanworth Escutcheon.png
Crest
A Boar passant quarterly Or and Vert pierced through the sinister shoulder with an Arrow proper
Escutcheon
Azure three Fleurs-de-lis within a Bordure engrailed Or on a Chief Ermine two Portcullises of the second
Supporters
On either side a Bear Or muzzled collared and chained Sable
Motto
Audacter Et Strenue (Boldly and strenuously) [6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
  2. ^ "No. 32563". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1921. p. 10709.
  3. ^ "No. 32766". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1922. p. 8016.
  4. ^ "No. 33129". The London Gazette. 2 February 1926. p. 785.
  5. ^ "No. 34247". The London Gazette. 21 January 1936. p. 457.
  6. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/hanworth1936.htm

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Berridge
Member of Parliament for Warwick and Leamington
19101923
Succeeded by
Anthony Eden
Legal offices
Preceded by
Gordon Hewart
Solicitor General for England and Wales
1919–1922
Succeeded by
Leslie Scott
Preceded by
Gordon Hewart
Attorney General for England and Wales
1922
Succeeded by
Douglas Hogg
Preceded by
Lord Sterndale
Master of the Rolls
1923–1935
Succeeded by
Lord Wright
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Hanworth)
1922–1936
Succeeded by
David Bertram Pollock
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Hanworth
1936
Succeeded by
David Bertram Pollock
Baron Hanworth
1926–1936