Russell at the 1954 AAU Championships
June 10, 1938 |
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
|Height||153 cm (5 ft 0 in)|
|Weight||52 kg (115 lb)|
Ernestine Jean Russell (born June 10, 1938), later known by her married names Ernestine Carter and Ernestine Weaver, is a Canadian former gymnast and American former college gymnastics coach. She represented Canada in the 1956 and 1960 Summer Olympics. Although Russell won no medals in her two Olympic appearances, she is regarded as Canada's first notable female Olympic gymnast and contributed significantly to the growing popularity of women's gymnastics in Canada and the United States.
Ernestine "Ernie" Russell was born and raised in Windsor, Ontario. She learned ballet early on from her mother who taught dance training as an instructor at the British Royal Academy. As her training progressed, it became apparent that she lacked the body to become a ballerina.
Bernie Newman, the Russell family's neighbor and a future member of the provincial parliament, had formed a vocational boys' gymnastics team, and suggested to Russell that she try the trampoline. She was quoted as saying "I got on, and I never got off."
Russell would compete for the first time when she was 13 years old, and won nine Canadian championships. Newman would be a leading force that would encourage her throughout the years, hoping that he would one day see her in the Olympic Games.
International gymnastics career
Russell, at age 17, qualified for the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. She was the first Canadian to compete in Olympic gymnastics events since 1908, and the first Canadian woman to ever compete in the Olympics. Although her routine was ill-prepared, she performed well in the floor exercise, the balance beam and the vault. She finished among the top twenty in the floor exercise, 45th in the vault, 56th in the all-around, and 61st in the balance beam and uneven bars.
At the 1959 Pan American Games in Chicago, Russell won gold medals for all-around, vault, uneven bars, and floor exercise, and a silver in balance beam, which made her the first Canadian medal winner in an international gymnastics competition. The Canadian team finished second behind the U.S. team.
Russell received a tuition-only scholarship offer from Michigan State University, and the opportunity to train with the Michigan State Spartans men's gymnastics team under head coach George Szypula. Russell married John Carter, a Michigan State Spartans baseball player in December 1959. In addition to being coached by Szypula, she had access to one of the best athletic physical plants in the United States. During her time as a Michigan State undergraduate, she also performed at a half-dozen gymnastics exhibitions on campus. Following the 1960 Olympics, she completed her bachelor's degree in physical education and dance from Michigan State, and then taught high school for five years.
College coaching career
After teaching high school and coaching a cheerleading team for five years, Michigan State athletic director Clarence Munn invited Russell to become the head coach of the Michigan State women's gymnastics club team. In 1969, she became the women's gymnastics head coach at Clarion State College. Over the next decade, her Clarion State Golden Eagles teams compiled a perfect dual meet win-loss record of 58–0 in ten seasons and won Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) college national championships in 1977 and 1978.
Russell then accepted an offer to become the head gymnastics coach for at the University of Florida, where she made a large impact upon joining the Florida Gators women's gymnastics team. With her as their head coach, the Gators won one AIAW national championship in 1982, and subsequently qualified for eleven consecutive NCAA national championship tournament appearances from 1982 to 1992. The Gators earned a total of 35 All-America honors and claimed three national event titles. Russell was named national coach of the year in 1982, when Florida won the AIAW gymnastics championship. Her Florida Gators teams also won five Southeastern Conference (SEC) championships, and she was named SEC Coach of the Year in 1989 and 1992. Her Florida Gators gymnasts compiled an overall win-loss record of 185–48; her 23-year career record as a head coach was 243–48. Russell's program marketing and event showmanship contributed greatly to the development and popularity of the Gator gymnastics program, and it was studied and emulated by other programs.
|1956||18||Melbourne||Gymnastics||Women's Floor Exercise||Canada||20T|
|1956||18||Melbourne||Gymnastics||Women's Horse Vault||Canada||45|
|1956||18||Melbourne||Gymnastics||Women's Uneven Bars||Canada||61|
|1956||18||Melbourne||Gymnastics||Women's Balance Beam||Canada||61|
|1956||18||Melbourne||Gymnastics||Women's Individual All-Around||Canada||56|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Women's Floor Exercise||Canada||86 QR|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Women's Horse Vault||Canada||75 QR|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Women's Uneven Bars||Canada||76 QR|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Women's Balance Beam||Canada||68 T QR|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Women's Individual All-Around||Canada||76|
|Women's Floor Exercise|
|Women's Horse Vault|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Canada||Final Standing||75 QR|
|Women's Uneven Bars|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Canada||Final Standing||76 QR|
|Women's Balance Beam|
|1960||21||Rome||Gymnastics||Canada||Final Standing||68T QR|
|Women's Individual All-Around|
- Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame
- University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame
- List of Olympic female gymnasts for Canada
- Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Ernestine Russell-Carter. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- U.S. Gymnastics Hall of Fame, Inductees, Ernestine Russell. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- USAGymnastics.org, Press Box, Men's and Women's Pan American Games Results. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Lorraine Snyder and Carol Anne Letheren, "Gymnastics," The Canadian Encyclopedia (2012). Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Shelley Divinich, "Ernestine Russell: Canada's First Female Olympic Gymnast," Best of Times Magazine, p. 308 (2006).
- Joe David Brown, "Beauty on the Bars: Luscious Ernie Russell, Canada's champion gymnast, should be the prettiest athlete in Rome this summer," Sports Illustrated (July 18, 1960). Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- UtahStateAggies.com, Gymnastics, Ernestine Russell. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- "UF Athletic Hall of Fame Induction Class Includes Ernestine (Weaver) Russell & Chrissy Van Fleet," GatorZone.com (September 12, 2012). Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- F Club, Hall of Fame, Honorary Letter Winners. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Media related to Ernestine Russell at Wikimedia Commons