Ernesto Hintze Ribeiro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ernesto Hintze Ribeiro
Retrato do conselheiro Hintze Ribeiro.png
Portrait by Octávio Bobone, c. 1907.
43rd Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
February 22, 1893 – February 5, 1897
Monarch Luís I
Preceded by José Dias Ferreira
Succeeded by José Luciano de Castro
45th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
July 26, 1900 – October 20, 1904
Monarch Carlos I
Preceded by José Luciano de Castro
Succeeded by José Luciano de Castro
47th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
March 19, 1906 – May 19, 1906
Monarch Carlos I
Preceded by José Luciano de Castro
Succeeded by João Franco
Personal details
Born (1849-11-07)November 7, 1849
Ponta Delgada, Azores Islands, Portugal
Died August 1, 1907(1907-08-01) (aged 57)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Regenerator Party
Spouse(s) Joana Rebelo de Chaves
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Occupation Lawyer
Signature

Ernesto Rodolfo Hintze Ribeiro (Ponta Delgada, Azores Islands, November 7, 1849 – Lisbon, August 1, 1907) was a Portuguese politician, statesman, and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Portugal three times, once during the reign of King Luís I and twice during King Carlos I's reign. A member of the Regenerator Party, Hintze Ribeiro's reforms in forestry, pharmacy, and autonomy for insular Portugal are the basis of these fields' policies today.

Career[edit]

He was a prominent parliamentarian and Peer of the Realm, Attorney-General of the Crown, Minister of Public Works, of Finance and Foreign Affairs as well as uncontested leader of the Regenerator Party, holding the position of President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) thrice (February 22, 1893 – February 5, 1897; July 26, 1900 – October 20, 1904; March 19, 1906 – May 19, 1906).

He was one of the dominant politicians of the final part of the Portuguese Constitutional Monarchy, occupying the post of Prime Minister longer than any other in his time. He was responsible for important reforms - some of which are still valid - such as the insular autonomy for the Azores and Madeira islands (1895), the pharmacies' law, and forest's law (1901).

He was made effective Councillor of State in 1891, received many decorations, among them the Great-Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword. He was associate of the Royal Academy of Sciences.

A street in Ponta Delgada has been named in his honor.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
José Dias Ferreira
President of the Council of Ministers
1893–1896
Succeeded by
José Luciano de Castro
Preceded by
José Luciano de Castro
President of the Council of Ministers
1900–1904
Succeeded by
José Luciano de Castro
Preceded by
José Luciano de Castro
President of the Council of Ministers
1906
Succeeded by
João Franco